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HOW TO SELL ANYTHING

The Real Truth About Sales Process

Sales process is not about how you sell but how the customer buys.
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Every company needs a sales process, right? Well, sort of. The sales process inside most firms look something like this:

  1. Engage customer.
  2. Investigate needs.
  3. Present a product.
  4. Demonstrate the product.
  5. Propose a purchase.
  6. Negotiate terms.
  7. Answer objections.
  8. Close the deal.

There's only one problem: this kind of sales process never works.

Here's why. Customers don't want you to sell anything to them. Customers have their own idea about how they want to buy something. They deeply resent it when you try to make them dance to your pre-determined tune.

To be effective, a sales process must be based upon the customer's buying process, which is the set of decisions that the customer wants to make, in the order that the customer wants to make them. In B2B selling, the buying process usually looks like this:

  1. The customer decides there's a problem or opportunity.
  2. The customer quantifies the economic consequences.
  3. The customer decides to commit funding.
  4. The customer defines their selection criteria for a solution.
  5. The customer evaluates alternatives for benefits and risks.
  6. The customer selects a vendor (or decides not to buy at all).

Your "sales process" must adapt to the decisions that the customer needs to make at each stage of their buying process. Your job is to help the customer make the best decision, for that customer (and not necessarily for you or your firm!)

For example, suppose a customer accesses your website and asks for some information about, say, your supply chain software solution. At that point you already know that the customer has decided there's a problem or opportunity.

Therefore, the next step in your sales process is to help the customer quantify that problem or opportunity in financial terms so that it can be prioritized versus all the other financial demands inside the customer's firm.

If you followed the old "vendor-centric" sales process, you'd probably try to get into a discussion about needs (too late for this) or perhaps try to demonstrate a product (way too early for this).

More importantly, introducing those elements into the discussion will distract you from the next two steps, especially defining the selection criteria, where your real challenge is to ensure those criteria emphasize your offering's unique features.

Furthermore, if you're trying to answer objections and close the deal before the customer has quantified and prioritized the finances, you're setting yourself up to spend a lot of time selling to a customer who may not really see the need to buy.

So here's the real truth about sales process: it must be adaptive rather than manipulative.

Make that crucial distinction and your sales process will help, rather than hinder, your sales efforts.

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IMAGE: Getty
Last updated: May 24, 2013

GEOFFREY JAMES

Geoffrey James, a contributing editor for Inc.com, is an author, speaker, and award-winning blogger. Originally a system architect, brand manager, and industry analyst inside two Fortune 100 companies, he's interviewed more than a thousand successful executives, managers, entrepreneurs, and gurus to discover how business really works. His most recent book is Business Without the Bullsh*t: 49 Secrets and Shortcuts You Need to Know. If you enjoyed this post, sign up for the free weekly Sales Source newsletter.




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