Companies everywhere are ramping up efforts to go green, but sustainability starts with your employees. They're the ones printing the sheets of paper and drinking the soda cans that often easily end up in the trash can, without much thought.

In the average workplace, about 80 to 90 percent of solid waste is actually recyclable, according to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). Establishing an office recycling initiative won't just reduce your carbon footprint, but it could also save your business money. Here's how to get started.

Starting an Office Recycling Program: Getting Started

Ready to get up close and personal with the trash can? The first step to setting up an effective recycling program is to survey your workplace, and figure out exactly what's going into the trash. Then, you can figure out which products are recyclable and which ones you want to include in your workplace recycling initiative. The easiest way to do this is by reaching out to whoever collects your recycling, whether it's your municipal waste management program or your building management, and asking them exactly what they recycle and what they don't.
 
Though up to 90 percent of office waste in the average workplace can be recycled, at the beginning, it generally makes sense to start small. "If you're offering 20 different things workers can recycle on the first day, people are going to be overwhelmed," says Jennifer Berry, a spokesperson for Earth911, a Scottsdale, Arizona-based company that hosts the nation's largest recycling directory. "Starting small is easier, just like you would with any other new change in an organization."

Paper products are a typical place to start. In U.S. workplaces, one to two pounds of paper product waste is generated on average each day, according to Kent Forester, an environmental protection specialist at the EPA. Beverage containers, too, are a no-brainer; most workers go through as many as 3 a day, Forester says.

A few months after you launch your program, as employee participation and awareness increases, you can move onto other, larger recyclable objects, such as ink cartridges, computers, and other electronics. Make sure you take a careful look at the EPA standards and regulations for recycling electronics, as well as your local and state agencies. For more unusual items and a complete list of directories, check out Earth911.

Recycling these products can also generate a small amount of revenue for your company, in addition to trash pickup savings. Sites like Gazelle offer to pay for electronics. Staples has a comprehensive electronics recycling program that offers rebates for Staples products. In 2008, they recycled more than 22 million ink and toner cartridges in the U.S.

Don't be afraid to get creative. CalRecycle, the California state department for recycling and waste reduction efforts, enlisted 100 staffers in their office to become "worm wranglers" to recycle organic waste through vermicomposting. The employees have bins at their desk with more than a thousand worms who create a rich soil environment to compost buried items like coffee grounds and banana peels.

Whatever you decide to recycle, you'll need to appoint a coordinator to oversee and organize the program. This person should ideally be someone who is enthusiastic about sustainability and willing to help plan and see the entire recycling initiative through.

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Starting an Office Recycling Program: Encouraging Participation

Even if you've found the perfect program coordinator, a successful recycling initiative needs to come from the top down in order to motivate employees to participate. "I do think we see the most amount of success in corporate sustainability initiatives when they come from higher up," Berry says. "People tend to respond more strongly when it's coming from the CEO, for example."

Nailing the small details will go a long way in getting people to recycle. Be strategic about your placement of recycling bins. They need to go in places where the most trash is generated, like copy rooms, near printers, break rooms, and in cafeterias. They also need to be easily identifiable, with clear signage indicating they are for recyclable materials only. (Make sure to specify which material goes into which bin.)

Seth Goldman, founder and TeaEO of Bethesda, Maryland-based Honest Tea, instituted a comprehensive office-wide recycling program that is part of a broader sustainability initiative at his eco-friendly beverage company. He made sure to make it as simple as possible for employees to recycle: Each employee has a recycling bin at their desk. "Of course, the recycling bin is just a little bit closer to them than the trash can," he says.

Besides handy bins, another way to encourage employees to participate is consistent communication. Make sure every worker in the office is aware of the program and its goals. Track progress in public by counting up recycled materials, and let them know what they've helped to accomplish so far. You might even try adding incentives or rewards.

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Starting an Office Recycling Program: Training Staff

Three months after Goldman and his staff moved into a new office building in 2007, Goldman was working late one night and noticed something particularly unsettling. He saw the janitorial staff combining the separate recycled materials into one bag with all the trash. "You can do everything you can to educate employees and make it easier for them to contribute, but don't assume the rest of the parts you can't see are going to do it the right way too," he says.

It's essential to reach out to your building management or your landlord to notify them of your recycling initiative, so they can make sure janitorial staff are on the same page. Your office complex might even already have a recycling program in place, making it easy to take advantage of what's already available.

The potential for a successful recycling program balances on the employees who are producing office waste. You need an ongoing education program that lets them know the details of your program, and what they can and can't recycle.

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Starting an Office Recycling Program: Arranging for Disposal

One of the most important parts of the process is deciding how to collect and dispose of the recyclables. There are many different types of paper products, like printer paper, magazines, cardboard, and construction paper. You can separate each specific type, which can be make your recyclables more valuable if you're disposing of them at a drop-off center and could increase employee awareness about the specifics of recycling.

You could also collect all paper products in one bin, and plastics in another, in a method called commingled collection, according to Earth 911. This is less work, but the materials could be contaminated easily when they are mingled together.

Many businesses are located in municipalities with recycling services, or are located in office complexes where the management is responsible for waste disposal. Contact whoever takes care of your waste to arrange for proper disposal and pickup of whatever materials you recycle, too.

You may have to hire an outside service. This will depend on the size of your company, as many commercial recyclers require a particular volume of waste that could be more than your company generates. Consider partnering with other companies, hiring smaller companies, or arranging to drop off recycling at drop-off centers.

Another viable option is donating to charities. Many local organizations will offer to come pick up recycled materials, particularly electronics. It's another way to encourage employees by creating a sense of good will.

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Starting an Office Recycling Program: Taking More Steps

Recycling programs are often only a smaller part of a broader workplace program to encourage sustainable business practices. Especially if you're looking to save on costs, combining your recycling program with an effort to reduce office waste and reuse existing products can be a smart business strategy. When you're auditing what goes into the garbage, you might realize that you're wasting a lot of paper. Try to find tasks that could be paperless, or products that could be reused.

Recycling, reducing, and reusing doesn't have to stop in the workplace. Goldman reached out to his community by organizing biannual electronics recycling days in a program called Bethesda Green. "Adding an extra dimension to the program definitely increases the overall awareness," Goldman says.

Dig Deeper: More Sustainable Initiatives for Your Workplace

Starting an Office Recycling Program: Additional Resources

Earth911 recycling directory

Environmental Protection Agency guidelines

CalRecycle

Sustainable Office Tool Kit

Paper Waste Calculator