When it comes to growth, start-ups need to think more precisely.
"There are really two types of growth--one is the more type of growth, which is really about scale. And you need to add countries, customers, call centers. How do you make what you are doing, just bigger? And the other side of growth is really new. We need to get into new market, into new business units."
Many start-ups don't identify what kind of growth they're working toward. Instead, they just aim for "growth."
But Boyer says you have to call it what it is. In Blurb's case, that's meant focusing on new growth in the ebook market, which in turn meant adjusting their metrics.
"As the industry changes, you need to keep up with what your metrics are, and make sure you are measuring the right thing because behaviors follow," she said.
Be forwarned, this can hamper a founder. As companies move through stages of growth, there might be a need for a turn-around, or what Boyer calls "a second wind."
"You get to the scale stage, and you start doing these unnatural acts, because you have to grow and scale," she said. "And little by little, you start to depart. And when little by little you depart, you end up in a situation where the owner is misaligned with the company."
But taking the time to understand their vision will make that transition easier. "If you can keep a founder in, your growth will actually be faster, as long as you can keep it aligned."
Her strategy's worked: Blurb's founder, Eileen Gittins, is still in charge of the company.