Chart illustrating the cost of work-related injuries and deaths.
Advocates of performance testing claim it helps reduce on-the-job injuries and deaths, which in 1993 cost the nation more than $111 billion and 75 million working days. Here's how that tab breaks down:
Wage and productivity losses $59.9 billion
Medical costs $20.7 billion
Administrative expenses $14.4 billion
Employer costs $9.7 billion
Damage to motor vehicles $4.1 billion
Fire losses $3.1 billion
Total: $111.9 billion
Source: "Accident Facts," National Safety Council, Itasca, Ill., 1994.