University of Texas at Austin

Number of 2005 Start-ups: Three
Specialties: Life sciences, nanotechnolgy, physical sciences
Recent spinoff: LabNow, an Austin company that is in the process of marketing a portable, toaster-size medical lab


Stanford University

Number of 2005 Start-ups: 12
Specialties: Life sciences, physical sciences, computer science
Recent spinoff: Honolulu's Intelesense Technologies, which makes wireless communications systems


Georgia Institute of Technology

Number of 2005 Start-ups: 12
Specialties: Electrical engineering, biotech, alternative energy
Recent spinoff: C2 Biofuels, an Atlanta energy company that plans to produce ethanol from yellow pine trees


Yale University

Number of 2005 Start-ups: Fewer than five
Specialties: Medical devices and biotech
Recent spinoff: HistoRx, a New Haven, Connecticut, maker of software that helps drug companies speed up tissue analysis


Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Number of 2005 Start-ups: 20
Specialties: Biotechnology, optics, software
Recent spinoff: Luminus Devices, a start-up in Woburn, Massachusetts, that makes light devices for projection TVs


Max Chafkin shares his thoughts on partnerships between entrepreneurs and universities at www.inc.com/keyword/jul06.