Article Object ( [inc_foreignid] => k631125 [inc_title] => Unified Payments: Meet America's Fastest Growing Company [inc_headline_prefix] => [inc_headline] => Meet No. 1: Oleg Firer of Unified Payments [inc_homepage_headline] => Meet the CEO of America's Fastest Growing Company [inc_homepage_headline_ab_test] => [inc_lander_headline] => [inc_sharing_headline] => Unified Payments: Meet America's Fastest Growing Company [inc_twitter_headline] => [inc_column_name_override] => [inc_reference_name] => HIDI: Unified Payments: Meet America's Fastest Growing Company [inc_custom_byline] => [inc_typid] => 1 [inc_autid] => [inc_deck] => How a poor immigrant kid from Brooklyn wound up running Unified Payments, No. 1 on the 2012 Inc. 500, with a three-year growth rate of 23,646.3 percent. [inc_homepage_deck] => Here's how a poor immigrant kid from Brooklyn wound up running Unified Payments, No. 1 on the Inc. 500 list this year. [inc_lander_deck] => [inc_sharing_deck] => [inc_image_caption_override] => [inc_show_feature_imageflag] => TRUE [inc_pubdate] => 2012-08-21 09:00:00 [inc_promo_date] => 2012-08-21 09:00:00 [inc_custom_pubdate] => [inc_meta_keywords] => Inc. 500,magazine,2012,Oleg Firer,Unified Payments [inc_custom_additional_description] => [inc_filelocation] => magazine/201209/darren-dahl/how-i-did-it-inc-500-oleg-firer-unified-payments-meet-americas-fastest-growing-company.html [inc_override_url] => [inc_custom_header] => [inc_custom_css] => [inc_custom_javascript] => [inc_display_videos_as_playlistflag] => FALSE [inc_autoplay_videoflag] => TRUE [inc_display_video_at_bottomflag] => FALSE [inc_hide_video_prerollflag] => FALSE [inc_clean_text] =>

Poster boy for the American dream? Quite possibly. Born in the Soviet Union, Oleg Firer arrived in Brooklyn, New York, at 12 and grew up in the borough's Brighton Beach neighborhood. He worked hard, avoided delinquents and drugs, and at 17 started his first business, a cell-phone retailer. Barely into his 20s, and without a college degree, Firer was serving as a vice president at a publicly traded communications company. In 2007, at 29, he co-founded Unified Payments. The company now processes $10 billion worth of transactions for 100,000 merchants a year--and it's still growing fast. Now 35, Firer and his family live in Miami. He drives to work in a Bentley. Life, he says, is good. As told to Darren Dahl.

I was born in Ukraine. But my family, who is Jewish, decided to flee the Soviet Union. My dad was a gym teacher there, and my mother worked for a bank. We had a challenging trip that took us through Austria and Italy before we finally got to Brooklyn.

My family didn't have much money when I was growing up. My dad worked as an assistant physical therapist, and my mom worked for a nonprofit. I was always working, taking odd jobs whenever I could. Fortunately, I am a quick learner and have a photographic memory, so I remember things in great detail.

"I always had to prove myselfbecause of my age and because I don't have an Ivy League degree."

I grew up living in small apartments in Brighton Beach and Coney Island, which are rough neighborhoods. Growing up there made me stronger. I always set higher expectations for myself than those around me did. Rather than get into drugs or crime, I focused on working hard and learning.

My first real job was working for The Wiz as a salesperson when I was 16. By the time I was 17, I was the youngest manager the store had. After Cablevision bought the company, I started my own company selling wireless devices. I thought about going to school for business, but I was already making too much money.

The CEO of a large company called SpeedUS recruited me to help with its marketing programs. I worked there for several years and became a vice president and ran my own division. I learned a lot about mergers and acquisitions. But I felt like I had to constantly prove myselfbecause of my age and because I don't have an Ivy League degree.

In 2002, I was looking for a new business opportunity when a friend told me about the payment-processing industry. I thought it looked interesting, because you work with recurring revenue, which means you don't start off with zero dollars every month. A year later, I partnered up with my friend to start a payment-processing company.

When I do something, I want to learn a business inside out. If one link in the chain breaks, I want to know where to step in. That meant I needed to learn the business from the ground up, including sales, underwriting, and risk management. If I do something, I commit to it 100 percent.

About five years later, I got together with a former colleague who worked for a private equity group, and we started the company that is now Unified Payments. I wanted to do something really, really big. We committed significant capital to making strategic acquisitions.

We were looking for distressed equity situationsother payment-processing companies that couldn't service their debt or had grown too fast. We acquired eight businesses. We shut most of them down and rolled their merchants into our existing service. We were in the right place at the right time, and we had the capital to make it happen.

We continued to grow organically through the recession as well. As our society has become more and more cashless, payment processing has become economically agnostic. We make money no matter what the economy is doing.

I got where I am because I wouldn't take no for an answer. I always remember where I came from and that I could end up back there with nothing. A few years ago, my wife, who is a refugee from Moldova, our two daughters, and I moved to Miami. My parents, who still live in Brooklyn, are very proud.

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Poster boy for the American dream? Quite possibly. Born in the Soviet Union, Oleg Firer arrived in Brooklyn, New York, at 12 and grew up in the borough's Brighton Beach neighborhood. He worked hard, avoided delinquents and drugs, and at 17 started his first business, a cell-phone retailer. Barely into his 20s, and without a college degree, Firer was serving as a vice president at a publicly traded communications company. In 2007, at 29, he co-founded Unified Payments. The company now processes $10 billion worth of transactions for 100,000 merchants a year--and it's still growing fast. Now 35, Firer and his family live in Miami. He drives to work in a Bentley. Life, he says, is good. As told to Darren Dahl.

I was born in Ukraine. But my family, who is Jewish, decided to flee the Soviet Union. My dad was a gym teacher there, and my mother worked for a bank. We had a challenging trip that took us through Austria and Italy before we finally got to Brooklyn.

My family didn't have much money when I was growing up. My dad worked as an assistant physical therapist, and my mom worked for a nonprofit. I was always working, taking odd jobs whenever I could. Fortunately, I am a quick learner and have a photographic memory, so I remember things in great detail.

"I always had to prove myselfbecause of my age and because I don't have an Ivy League degree."

I grew up living in small apartments in Brighton Beach and Coney Island, which are rough neighborhoods. Growing up there made me stronger. I always set higher expectations for myself than those around me did. Rather than get into drugs or crime, I focused on working hard and learning.

My first real job was working for The Wiz as a salesperson when I was 16. By the time I was 17, I was the youngest manager the store had. After Cablevision bought the company, I started my own company selling wireless devices. I thought about going to school for business, but I was already making too much money.

The CEO of a large company called SpeedUS recruited me to help with its marketing programs. I worked there for several years and became a vice president and ran my own division. I learned a lot about mergers and acquisitions. But I felt like I had to constantly prove myselfbecause of my age and because I don't have an Ivy League degree.

In 2002, I was looking for a new business opportunity when a friend told me about the payment-processing industry. I thought it looked interesting, because you work with recurring revenue, which means you don't start off with zero dollars every month. A year later, I partnered up with my friend to start a payment-processing company.

When I do something, I want to learn a business inside out. If one link in the chain breaks, I want to know where to step in. That meant I needed to learn the business from the ground up, including sales, underwriting, and risk management. If I do something, I commit to it 100 percent.

About five years later, I got together with a former colleague who worked for a private equity group, and we started the company that is now Unified Payments. I wanted to do something really, really big. We committed significant capital to making strategic acquisitions.

We were looking for distressed equity situationsother payment-processing companies that couldn't service their debt or had grown too fast. We acquired eight businesses. We shut most of them down and rolled their merchants into our existing service. We were in the right place at the right time, and we had the capital to make it happen.

We continued to grow organically through the recession as well. As our society has become more and more cashless, payment processing has become economically agnostic. We make money no matter what the economy is doing.

I got where I am because I wouldn't take no for an answer. I always remember where I came from and that I could end up back there with nothing. A few years ago, my wife, who is a refugee from Moldova, our two daughters, and I moved to Miami. My parents, who still live in Brooklyn, are very proud.

[inc_code_only_text] => [inc_notepad] => SEO: Looks good Captions: BRIGHTON BEACH MEMORY Oleg Firer, miles from where his journey began lap of luxury Firer, at his Miami office. His first job: salesman at The Wiz. Pullquotes: I always had to prove myself--because of my age and because I don't have an Ivy League degree. 2011 revenue $59.5 million oleg firer unified payments Three-year growth 23,646.3% [inc_toolbar_text] => [inc_read_more_override] => [inc_show_read_moreflag] => TRUE [inc_custom_sidebar_head] => [inc_sidebar_adcodeflag] => FALSE [inc_custom_sidebar] => [inc_custom_footer] => [inc_full_width_footerflag] => FALSE [inc_show_pinboardflag] => TRUE [inc_staid] => 8 [inc_premiumflag] => FALSE [inc_newsworthyflag] => FALSE [inc_standoutflag] => FALSE [inc_evergreen_contentflag] => FALSE [inc_homepage_riverflag] => TRUE [inc_comment_alert] => No one [inc_copyeditedflag] => FALSE [inc_activeflag] => TRUE [inc_hide_bucket_imageflag] => FALSE [inc_hide_article_sidebarflag] => FALSE [inc_hide_commentsflag] => FALSE [inc_show_social_linksflag] => TRUE [inc_prtid] => [inc_canonical_url] => [inc_serid] => [inc_registration_requiredflag] => FALSE [inc_use_narrow_navflag] => FALSE [inc_no_cacheflag] => FALSE [inc_eopid] => [inc_tracking_pixel_url] => [inc_custom_adzone] => [inc_imu_style_image_overrideref] => [inc_imu_style_image_override_ab_testref] => [inc_tile_tracking_pixel_url] => [inc_alchemyupdatetime] => 2013-04-26 06:17:33 [owner_admid] => [inc_f1temp] => [inc_alchemyentityxml] => ERROR daily-transaction-limit-exceeded [inc_alchemykeywordxml] => ERROR daily-transaction-limit-exceeded [dbObj] => MDB2_Driver_mysql Object ( [string_quoting] => Array ( [start] => ' [end] => ' [escape] => \ [escape_pattern] => \ ) [identifier_quoting] => Array ( [start] => ` [end] => ` [escape] => ` ) [sql_comments] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [start] => -- [end] => [escape] => ) [1] => Array ( [start] => # [end] => [escape] => ) [2] => Array ( [start] => /* [end] => */ [escape] => ) ) [server_capabilities_checked] => 1 [start_transaction] => 1 [varchar_max_length] => 65532 [db_index] => 1 [dsn] => Array ( [phptype] => mysql [dbsyntax] => mysql [username] => inccom [password] => b4Fjf2jaFLfc [protocol] => tcp [hostspec] => MYDB [port] => [socket] => [database] => [mode] => ) [connected_dsn] => Array ( [phptype] => mysql [dbsyntax] => mysql [username] => inccom [password] => b4Fjf2jaFLfc [protocol] => tcp [hostspec] => MYDB [port] => [socket] => [database] => [mode] => ) [connection] => Resource id #7 [opened_persistent] => [database_name] => sitecontent [connected_database_name] => sitecontent [connected_server_info] => 5.5.38-35.2-log [supported] => Array ( [sequences] => emulated [indexes] => 1 [affected_rows] => 1 [summary_functions] => 1 [order_by_text] => 1 [transactions] => 1 [savepoints] => 1 [current_id] => emulated [limit_queries] => 1 [LOBs] => 1 [replace] => 1 [sub_selects] => 1 [triggers] => 1 [auto_increment] => 1 [primary_key] => 1 [result_introspection] => 1 [prepared_statements] => 1 [identifier_quoting] => 1 [pattern_escaping] => 1 [new_link] => 1 ) [options] => Array ( [ssl] => [field_case] => 0 [disable_query] => [result_class] => MDB2_Result_%s [buffered_result_class] => MDB2_BufferedResult_%s [result_wrap_class] => [result_buffering] => 1 [fetch_class] => stdClass [persistent] => [debug] => 0 [debug_handler] => MDB2_defaultDebugOutput [debug_expanded_output] => [default_text_field_length] => 4096 [lob_buffer_length] => 8192 [log_line_break] => [idxname_format] => %s_idx [seqname_format] => %s_seq [savepoint_format] => MDB2_SAVEPOINT_%s [statement_format] => MDB2_STATEMENT_%1$s_%2$s [seqcol_name] => sequence [quote_identifier] => [use_transactions] => 1 [decimal_places] => 2 [portability] => 127 [modules] => Array ( [ex] => Extended [dt] => Datatype [mg] => Manager [rv] => Reverse [na] => Native [fc] => Function ) [emulate_prepared] => [datatype_map] => Array ( ) [datatype_map_callback] => Array ( ) [nativetype_map_callback] => Array ( ) [lob_allow_url_include] => [bindname_format] => (?:\d+)|(?:[a-zA-Z][a-zA-Z0-9_]*) [max_identifiers_length] => 64 [default_fk_action_onupdate] => RESTRICT [default_fk_action_ondelete] => RESTRICT [DBA_username] => [DBA_password] => [default_table_type] => ) [wildcards] => Array ( [0] => % [1] => _ ) [as_keyword] => AS [warnings] => Array ( ) [debug_output] => [in_transaction] => [nested_transaction_counter] => [has_transaction_error] => [offset] => 0 [limit] => 0 [phptype] => mysql [dbsyntax] => mysql [last_query] => SELECT pho_name FROM photographer WHERE id = 626 [fetchmode] => 1 [modules] => Array ( ) [destructor_registered] => 1 [_debug] => [_default_error_mode] => [_default_error_options] => [_default_error_handler] => [_error_class] => PEAR_Error [_expected_errors] => Array ( ) ) [time_created] => 0000-00-00 00:00:00 [time_updated] => 2013-08-19 17:34:53 [id] => 43545 [sortorder] => [tbl] => article [fields] => [application_path] => /public_web_sites/www.inc.com/reflex/ [core_application_url] => http://www.inc.com/ [error] => Array ( [0] => Problem initializing. A method for "inc_rubric" does not exist. [1] => Problem initializing. A method for "inc_f1_imageref" does not exist. ) [largeformat] => FALSE [baseurl] => http://www.inc.com/ [timestamp] => [homepage_headline] => Meet the CEO of America's Fastest Growing Company [homepage_headline2] => Meet the CEO of America's Fastest Growing Company [homepage_deck] => Here's how a poor immigrant kid from Brooklyn wound up running Unified Payments, No. 1 on the Inc. 500 list this year. [lightfeatureimage] => FALSE [imagelist_primary] => Array ( [19622] => Image Object ( [img_foreignkey] => [img_reference_name] => 78-oleg-firer-no1-pan.jpg [img_caption] => Brighton Beach Memory Oleg Firer, miles from where his journey began. [img_alt_text] => [img_custom_credit] => [img_custom_meta_data] => [img_phoid] => 626 [img_ityid] => 1 [img_bucketref] => 78-oleg-firer-no1-bkt.jpg [img_bucket_dimx] => 800 [img_bucket_dimy] => 800 [img_f1imageref] => [img_panoramicref] => 78-oleg-firer-no1-pan.jpg [img_pan_dimx] => 1725 [img_pan_dimy] => 810 [img_light_imageflag] => FALSE [img_tile_override_imageref] => [img_skyscraperref] => [img_sky_dimx] => [img_sky_dimy] => [img_super_panoramicref] => [img_gallery_imageref] => [img_full_screen_ref] => 78-oleg-firer-no1-pop.jpg [img_custom_cropref] => [img_full_text] => [img_tags] => [img_notes] => [img_gettyflag] => FALSE [dbObj] => MDB2_Driver_mysql Object ( [string_quoting] => Array ( [start] => ' [end] => ' [escape] => \ [escape_pattern] => \ ) [identifier_quoting] => Array ( [start] => ` [end] => ` [escape] => ` ) [sql_comments] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [start] => -- [end] => [escape] => ) [1] => Array ( [start] => # [end] => [escape] => ) [2] => Array ( [start] => /* [end] => */ [escape] => ) ) [server_capabilities_checked] => 1 [start_transaction] => 1 [varchar_max_length] => 65532 [db_index] => 1 [dsn] => Array ( [phptype] => mysql [dbsyntax] => mysql [username] => inccom [password] => b4Fjf2jaFLfc [protocol] => tcp [hostspec] => MYDB [port] => [socket] => [database] => [mode] => ) [connected_dsn] => Array ( [phptype] => mysql [dbsyntax] => mysql [username] => inccom [password] => b4Fjf2jaFLfc [protocol] => tcp [hostspec] => MYDB [port] => [socket] => [database] => [mode] => ) [connection] => Resource id #7 [opened_persistent] => [database_name] => sitecontent [connected_database_name] => sitecontent [connected_server_info] => 5.5.38-35.2-log [supported] => Array ( [sequences] => emulated [indexes] => 1 [affected_rows] => 1 [summary_functions] => 1 [order_by_text] => 1 [transactions] => 1 [savepoints] => 1 [current_id] => emulated [limit_queries] => 1 [LOBs] => 1 [replace] => 1 [sub_selects] => 1 [triggers] => 1 [auto_increment] => 1 [primary_key] => 1 [result_introspection] => 1 [prepared_statements] => 1 [identifier_quoting] => 1 [pattern_escaping] => 1 [new_link] => 1 ) [options] => Array ( [ssl] => [field_case] => 0 [disable_query] => [result_class] => MDB2_Result_%s [buffered_result_class] => MDB2_BufferedResult_%s [result_wrap_class] => [result_buffering] => 1 [fetch_class] => stdClass [persistent] => [debug] => 0 [debug_handler] => MDB2_defaultDebugOutput [debug_expanded_output] => [default_text_field_length] => 4096 [lob_buffer_length] => 8192 [log_line_break] => [idxname_format] => %s_idx [seqname_format] => %s_seq [savepoint_format] => MDB2_SAVEPOINT_%s [statement_format] => MDB2_STATEMENT_%1$s_%2$s [seqcol_name] => sequence [quote_identifier] => [use_transactions] => 1 [decimal_places] => 2 [portability] => 127 [modules] => Array ( [ex] => Extended [dt] => Datatype [mg] => Manager [rv] => Reverse [na] => Native [fc] => Function ) [emulate_prepared] => [datatype_map] => Array ( ) [datatype_map_callback] => Array ( ) [nativetype_map_callback] => Array ( ) [lob_allow_url_include] => [bindname_format] => (?:\d+)|(?:[a-zA-Z][a-zA-Z0-9_]*) [max_identifiers_length] => 64 [default_fk_action_onupdate] => RESTRICT [default_fk_action_ondelete] => RESTRICT [DBA_username] => [DBA_password] => [default_table_type] => ) [wildcards] => Array ( [0] => % [1] => _ ) [as_keyword] => AS [warnings] => Array ( ) [debug_output] => [in_transaction] => [nested_transaction_counter] => [has_transaction_error] => [offset] => 0 [limit] => 0 [phptype] => mysql [dbsyntax] => mysql [last_query] => SELECT pho_name FROM photographer WHERE id = 626 [fetchmode] => 1 [modules] => Array ( ) [destructor_registered] => 1 [_debug] => [_default_error_mode] => [_default_error_options] => [_default_error_handler] => [_error_class] => PEAR_Error [_expected_errors] => Array ( ) ) [time_created] => 2012-08-14 12:35:31 [time_updated] => 2013-08-23 16:11:23 [id] => 19622 [sortorder] => [tbl] => image [fields] => [application_path] => /public_web_sites/www.inc.com/reflex/ [core_application_url] => http://www.inc.com/ [error] => Array ( [0] => Problem initializing. A method for "incid" does not exist. [1] => Problem initializing. A method for "imgid" does not exist. ) [sort] => [img_phoid_nameref] => Jeffery Salter ) [19623] => Image Object ( [img_foreignkey] => [img_reference_name] => __DO NOT USE__78-oleg-firer-luxury-bkt.jpg [img_caption] => Lap of Luxury Firer, at his Miami office. His first job: salesman at The Wiz. [img_alt_text] => [img_custom_credit] => [img_custom_meta_data] => [img_phoid] => [img_ityid] => 1 [img_bucketref] => 78-oleg-firer-luxury-bkt.jpg [img_bucket_dimx] => 336 [img_bucket_dimy] => 336 [img_f1imageref] => [img_panoramicref] => [img_pan_dimx] => [img_pan_dimy] => [img_light_imageflag] => FALSE [img_tile_override_imageref] => [img_skyscraperref] => [img_sky_dimx] => [img_sky_dimy] => [img_super_panoramicref] => [img_gallery_imageref] => [img_full_screen_ref] => 78-oleg-firer-luxury-pop.jpg [img_custom_cropref] => [img_full_text] => [img_tags] => [img_notes] => [img_gettyflag] => FALSE [dbObj] => MDB2_Driver_mysql Object ( [string_quoting] => Array ( [start] => ' [end] => ' [escape] => \ [escape_pattern] => \ ) [identifier_quoting] => Array ( [start] => ` [end] => ` [escape] => ` ) [sql_comments] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [start] => -- [end] => [escape] => ) [1] => Array ( [start] => # [end] => [escape] => ) [2] => Array ( [start] => /* [end] => */ [escape] => ) ) [server_capabilities_checked] => 1 [start_transaction] => 1 [varchar_max_length] => 65532 [db_index] => 1 [dsn] => Array ( [phptype] => mysql [dbsyntax] => mysql [username] => inccom [password] => b4Fjf2jaFLfc [protocol] => tcp [hostspec] => MYDB [port] => [socket] => [database] => [mode] => ) [connected_dsn] => Array ( [phptype] => mysql [dbsyntax] => mysql [username] => inccom [password] => b4Fjf2jaFLfc [protocol] => tcp [hostspec] => MYDB [port] => [socket] => [database] => [mode] => ) [connection] => Resource id #7 [opened_persistent] => [database_name] => sitecontent [connected_database_name] => sitecontent [connected_server_info] => 5.5.38-35.2-log [supported] => Array ( [sequences] => emulated [indexes] => 1 [affected_rows] => 1 [summary_functions] => 1 [order_by_text] => 1 [transactions] => 1 [savepoints] => 1 [current_id] => emulated [limit_queries] => 1 [LOBs] => 1 [replace] => 1 [sub_selects] => 1 [triggers] => 1 [auto_increment] => 1 [primary_key] => 1 [result_introspection] => 1 [prepared_statements] => 1 [identifier_quoting] => 1 [pattern_escaping] => 1 [new_link] => 1 ) [options] => Array ( [ssl] => [field_case] => 0 [disable_query] => [result_class] => MDB2_Result_%s [buffered_result_class] => MDB2_BufferedResult_%s [result_wrap_class] => [result_buffering] => 1 [fetch_class] => stdClass [persistent] => [debug] => 0 [debug_handler] => MDB2_defaultDebugOutput [debug_expanded_output] => [default_text_field_length] => 4096 [lob_buffer_length] => 8192 [log_line_break] => [idxname_format] => %s_idx [seqname_format] => %s_seq [savepoint_format] => MDB2_SAVEPOINT_%s [statement_format] => MDB2_STATEMENT_%1$s_%2$s [seqcol_name] => sequence [quote_identifier] => [use_transactions] => 1 [decimal_places] => 2 [portability] => 127 [modules] => Array ( [ex] => Extended [dt] => Datatype [mg] => Manager [rv] => Reverse [na] => Native [fc] => Function ) [emulate_prepared] => [datatype_map] => Array ( ) [datatype_map_callback] => Array ( ) [nativetype_map_callback] => Array ( ) [lob_allow_url_include] => [bindname_format] => (?:\d+)|(?:[a-zA-Z][a-zA-Z0-9_]*) [max_identifiers_length] => 64 [default_fk_action_onupdate] => RESTRICT [default_fk_action_ondelete] => RESTRICT [DBA_username] => [DBA_password] => [default_table_type] => ) [wildcards] => Array ( [0] => % [1] => _ ) [as_keyword] => AS [warnings] => Array ( ) [debug_output] => [in_transaction] => [nested_transaction_counter] => [has_transaction_error] => [offset] => 0 [limit] => 0 [phptype] => mysql [dbsyntax] => mysql [last_query] => SELECT pho_name FROM photographer WHERE id = 626 [fetchmode] => 1 [modules] => Array ( ) [destructor_registered] => 1 [_debug] => [_default_error_mode] => [_default_error_options] => [_default_error_handler] => [_error_class] => PEAR_Error [_expected_errors] => Array ( ) ) [time_created] => 2012-08-14 12:36:36 [time_updated] => 2013-08-23 16:32:11 [id] => 19623 [sortorder] => [tbl] => image [fields] => [application_path] => /public_web_sites/www.inc.com/reflex/ [core_application_url] => http://www.inc.com/ [error] => Array ( [0] => Problem initializing. A method for "incid" does not exist. [1] => Problem initializing. A method for "imgid" does not exist. ) [sort] => ) ) [featureimage] => http://www.inc.com/uploaded_files/image/970x450/78-oleg-firer-no1-pan_19622.jpg [featureimageX2] => http://www.inc.com/uploaded_files/image/1940x900/78-oleg-firer-no1-pan_19622.jpg [smallfeatureimage] => http://www.inc.com/uploaded_files/image/640x290/78-oleg-firer-no1-pan_19622.jpg [featureimageObj] => Image Object ( [img_foreignkey] => [img_reference_name] => 78-oleg-firer-no1-pan.jpg [img_caption] => Brighton Beach Memory Oleg Firer, miles from where his journey began. [img_alt_text] => [img_custom_credit] => [img_custom_meta_data] => [img_phoid] => 626 [img_ityid] => 1 [img_bucketref] => 78-oleg-firer-no1-bkt.jpg [img_bucket_dimx] => 800 [img_bucket_dimy] => 800 [img_f1imageref] => [img_panoramicref] => 78-oleg-firer-no1-pan.jpg [img_pan_dimx] => 1725 [img_pan_dimy] => 810 [img_light_imageflag] => FALSE [img_tile_override_imageref] => [img_skyscraperref] => [img_sky_dimx] => [img_sky_dimy] => [img_super_panoramicref] => [img_gallery_imageref] => [img_full_screen_ref] => 78-oleg-firer-no1-pop.jpg [img_custom_cropref] => [img_full_text] => [img_tags] => [img_notes] => [img_gettyflag] => FALSE [dbObj] => MDB2_Driver_mysql Object ( [string_quoting] => Array ( [start] => ' [end] => ' [escape] => \ [escape_pattern] => \ ) [identifier_quoting] => Array ( [start] => ` [end] => ` [escape] => ` ) [sql_comments] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [start] => -- [end] => [escape] => ) [1] => Array ( [start] => # [end] => [escape] => ) [2] => Array ( [start] => /* [end] => */ [escape] => ) ) [server_capabilities_checked] => 1 [start_transaction] => 1 [varchar_max_length] => 65532 [db_index] => 1 [dsn] => Array ( [phptype] => mysql [dbsyntax] => mysql [username] => inccom [password] => b4Fjf2jaFLfc [protocol] => tcp [hostspec] => MYDB [port] => [socket] => [database] => [mode] => ) [connected_dsn] => Array ( [phptype] => mysql [dbsyntax] => mysql [username] => inccom [password] => b4Fjf2jaFLfc [protocol] => tcp [hostspec] => MYDB [port] => [socket] => [database] => [mode] => ) [connection] => Resource id #7 [opened_persistent] => [database_name] => sitecontent [connected_database_name] => sitecontent [connected_server_info] => 5.5.38-35.2-log [supported] => Array ( [sequences] => emulated [indexes] => 1 [affected_rows] => 1 [summary_functions] => 1 [order_by_text] => 1 [transactions] => 1 [savepoints] => 1 [current_id] => emulated [limit_queries] => 1 [LOBs] => 1 [replace] => 1 [sub_selects] => 1 [triggers] => 1 [auto_increment] => 1 [primary_key] => 1 [result_introspection] => 1 [prepared_statements] => 1 [identifier_quoting] => 1 [pattern_escaping] => 1 [new_link] => 1 ) [options] => Array ( [ssl] => [field_case] => 0 [disable_query] => [result_class] => MDB2_Result_%s [buffered_result_class] => MDB2_BufferedResult_%s [result_wrap_class] => [result_buffering] => 1 [fetch_class] => stdClass [persistent] => [debug] => 0 [debug_handler] => MDB2_defaultDebugOutput [debug_expanded_output] => [default_text_field_length] => 4096 [lob_buffer_length] => 8192 [log_line_break] => [idxname_format] => %s_idx [seqname_format] => %s_seq [savepoint_format] => MDB2_SAVEPOINT_%s [statement_format] => MDB2_STATEMENT_%1$s_%2$s [seqcol_name] => sequence [quote_identifier] => [use_transactions] => 1 [decimal_places] => 2 [portability] => 127 [modules] => Array ( [ex] => Extended [dt] => Datatype [mg] => Manager [rv] => Reverse [na] => Native [fc] => Function ) [emulate_prepared] => [datatype_map] => Array ( ) [datatype_map_callback] => Array ( ) [nativetype_map_callback] => Array ( ) [lob_allow_url_include] => [bindname_format] => (?:\d+)|(?:[a-zA-Z][a-zA-Z0-9_]*) [max_identifiers_length] => 64 [default_fk_action_onupdate] => RESTRICT [default_fk_action_ondelete] => RESTRICT [DBA_username] => [DBA_password] => [default_table_type] => ) [wildcards] => Array ( [0] => % [1] => _ ) [as_keyword] => AS [warnings] => Array ( ) [debug_output] => [in_transaction] => [nested_transaction_counter] => [has_transaction_error] => [offset] => 0 [limit] => 0 [phptype] => mysql [dbsyntax] => mysql [last_query] => SELECT pho_name FROM photographer WHERE id = 626 [fetchmode] => 1 [modules] => Array ( ) [destructor_registered] => 1 [_debug] => [_default_error_mode] => [_default_error_options] => [_default_error_handler] => [_error_class] => PEAR_Error [_expected_errors] => Array ( ) ) [time_created] => 2012-08-14 12:35:31 [time_updated] => 2013-08-23 16:11:23 [id] => 19622 [sortorder] => [tbl] => image [fields] => [application_path] => /public_web_sites/www.inc.com/reflex/ [core_application_url] => http://www.inc.com/ [error] => Array ( [0] => Problem initializing. A method for "incid" does not exist. [1] => Problem initializing. A method for "imgid" does not exist. ) [sort] => [img_phoid_nameref] => Jeffery Salter ) [f1image] => http://www.inc.com/uploaded_files/image/385x240/78-oleg-firer-no1-pan_19622.jpg [f2image] => http://www.inc.com/uploaded_files/image/100x100/78-oleg-firer-no1-bkt_19622.jpg [f3image] => http://www.inc.com/uploaded_files/image/50x50/78-oleg-firer-no1-bkt_19622.jpg [f0image] => http://www.inc.com/uploaded_files/image/336x336/78-oleg-firer-no1-bkt_19622.jpg [f2imageObj] => Image Object ( [img_foreignkey] => [img_reference_name] => 78-oleg-firer-no1-pan.jpg [img_caption] => Brighton Beach Memory Oleg Firer, miles from where his journey began. [img_alt_text] => [img_custom_credit] => [img_custom_meta_data] => [img_phoid] => 626 [img_ityid] => 1 [img_bucketref] => 78-oleg-firer-no1-bkt.jpg [img_bucket_dimx] => 800 [img_bucket_dimy] => 800 [img_f1imageref] => [img_panoramicref] => 78-oleg-firer-no1-pan.jpg [img_pan_dimx] => 1725 [img_pan_dimy] => 810 [img_light_imageflag] => FALSE [img_tile_override_imageref] => [img_skyscraperref] => [img_sky_dimx] => [img_sky_dimy] => [img_super_panoramicref] => [img_gallery_imageref] => [img_full_screen_ref] => 78-oleg-firer-no1-pop.jpg [img_custom_cropref] => [img_full_text] => [img_tags] => [img_notes] => [img_gettyflag] => FALSE [dbObj] => MDB2_Driver_mysql Object ( [string_quoting] => Array ( [start] => ' [end] => ' [escape] => \ [escape_pattern] => \ ) [identifier_quoting] => Array ( [start] => ` [end] => ` [escape] => ` ) [sql_comments] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [start] => -- [end] => [escape] => ) [1] => Array ( [start] => # [end] => [escape] => ) [2] => Array ( [start] => /* [end] => */ [escape] => ) ) [server_capabilities_checked] => 1 [start_transaction] => 1 [varchar_max_length] => 65532 [db_index] => 1 [dsn] => Array ( [phptype] => mysql [dbsyntax] => mysql [username] => inccom [password] => b4Fjf2jaFLfc [protocol] => tcp [hostspec] => MYDB [port] => [socket] => [database] => [mode] => ) [connected_dsn] => Array ( [phptype] => mysql [dbsyntax] => mysql [username] => inccom [password] => b4Fjf2jaFLfc [protocol] => tcp [hostspec] => MYDB [port] => [socket] => [database] => [mode] => ) [connection] => Resource id #7 [opened_persistent] => [database_name] => sitecontent [connected_database_name] => sitecontent [connected_server_info] => 5.5.38-35.2-log [supported] => Array ( [sequences] => emulated [indexes] => 1 [affected_rows] => 1 [summary_functions] => 1 [order_by_text] => 1 [transactions] => 1 [savepoints] => 1 [current_id] => emulated [limit_queries] => 1 [LOBs] => 1 [replace] => 1 [sub_selects] => 1 [triggers] => 1 [auto_increment] => 1 [primary_key] => 1 [result_introspection] => 1 [prepared_statements] => 1 [identifier_quoting] => 1 [pattern_escaping] => 1 [new_link] => 1 ) [options] => Array ( [ssl] => [field_case] => 0 [disable_query] => [result_class] => MDB2_Result_%s [buffered_result_class] => MDB2_BufferedResult_%s [result_wrap_class] => [result_buffering] => 1 [fetch_class] => stdClass [persistent] => [debug] => 0 [debug_handler] => MDB2_defaultDebugOutput [debug_expanded_output] => [default_text_field_length] => 4096 [lob_buffer_length] => 8192 [log_line_break] => [idxname_format] => %s_idx [seqname_format] => %s_seq [savepoint_format] => MDB2_SAVEPOINT_%s [statement_format] => MDB2_STATEMENT_%1$s_%2$s [seqcol_name] => sequence [quote_identifier] => [use_transactions] => 1 [decimal_places] => 2 [portability] => 127 [modules] => Array ( [ex] => Extended [dt] => Datatype [mg] => Manager [rv] => Reverse [na] => Native [fc] => Function ) [emulate_prepared] => [datatype_map] => Array ( ) [datatype_map_callback] => Array ( ) [nativetype_map_callback] => Array ( ) [lob_allow_url_include] => [bindname_format] => (?:\d+)|(?:[a-zA-Z][a-zA-Z0-9_]*) [max_identifiers_length] => 64 [default_fk_action_onupdate] => RESTRICT [default_fk_action_ondelete] => RESTRICT [DBA_username] => [DBA_password] => [default_table_type] => ) [wildcards] => Array ( [0] => % [1] => _ ) [as_keyword] => AS [warnings] => Array ( ) [debug_output] => [in_transaction] => [nested_transaction_counter] => [has_transaction_error] => [offset] => 0 [limit] => 0 [phptype] => mysql [dbsyntax] => mysql [last_query] => SELECT pho_name FROM photographer WHERE id = 626 [fetchmode] => 1 [modules] => Array ( ) [destructor_registered] => 1 [_debug] => [_default_error_mode] => [_default_error_options] => [_default_error_handler] => [_error_class] => PEAR_Error [_expected_errors] => Array ( ) ) [time_created] => 2012-08-14 12:35:31 [time_updated] => 2013-08-23 16:11:23 [id] => 19622 [sortorder] => [tbl] => image [fields] => [application_path] => /public_web_sites/www.inc.com/reflex/ [core_application_url] => http://www.inc.com/ [error] => Array ( [0] => Problem initializing. A method for "incid" does not exist. [1] => Problem initializing. A method for "imgid" does not exist. ) [sort] => [img_phoid_nameref] => Jeffery Salter ) [f3imageObj] => Image Object ( [img_foreignkey] => [img_reference_name] => 78-oleg-firer-no1-pan.jpg [img_caption] => Brighton Beach Memory Oleg Firer, miles from where his journey began. [img_alt_text] => [img_custom_credit] => [img_custom_meta_data] => [img_phoid] => 626 [img_ityid] => 1 [img_bucketref] => 78-oleg-firer-no1-bkt.jpg [img_bucket_dimx] => 800 [img_bucket_dimy] => 800 [img_f1imageref] => [img_panoramicref] => 78-oleg-firer-no1-pan.jpg [img_pan_dimx] => 1725 [img_pan_dimy] => 810 [img_light_imageflag] => FALSE [img_tile_override_imageref] => [img_skyscraperref] => [img_sky_dimx] => [img_sky_dimy] => [img_super_panoramicref] => [img_gallery_imageref] => [img_full_screen_ref] => 78-oleg-firer-no1-pop.jpg [img_custom_cropref] => [img_full_text] => [img_tags] => [img_notes] => [img_gettyflag] => FALSE [dbObj] => MDB2_Driver_mysql Object ( [string_quoting] => Array ( [start] => ' [end] => ' [escape] => \ [escape_pattern] => \ ) [identifier_quoting] => Array ( [start] => ` [end] => ` [escape] => ` ) [sql_comments] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [start] => -- [end] => [escape] => ) [1] => Array ( [start] => # [end] => [escape] => ) [2] => Array ( [start] => /* [end] => */ [escape] => ) ) [server_capabilities_checked] => 1 [start_transaction] => 1 [varchar_max_length] => 65532 [db_index] => 1 [dsn] => Array ( [phptype] => mysql [dbsyntax] => mysql [username] => inccom [password] => b4Fjf2jaFLfc [protocol] => tcp [hostspec] => MYDB [port] => [socket] => [database] => [mode] => ) [connected_dsn] => Array ( [phptype] => mysql [dbsyntax] => mysql [username] => inccom [password] => b4Fjf2jaFLfc [protocol] => tcp [hostspec] => MYDB [port] => [socket] => [database] => [mode] => ) [connection] => Resource id #7 [opened_persistent] => [database_name] => sitecontent [connected_database_name] => sitecontent [connected_server_info] => 5.5.38-35.2-log [supported] => Array ( [sequences] => emulated [indexes] => 1 [affected_rows] => 1 [summary_functions] => 1 [order_by_text] => 1 [transactions] => 1 [savepoints] => 1 [current_id] => emulated [limit_queries] => 1 [LOBs] => 1 [replace] => 1 [sub_selects] => 1 [triggers] => 1 [auto_increment] => 1 [primary_key] => 1 [result_introspection] => 1 [prepared_statements] => 1 [identifier_quoting] => 1 [pattern_escaping] => 1 [new_link] => 1 ) [options] => Array ( [ssl] => [field_case] => 0 [disable_query] => [result_class] => MDB2_Result_%s [buffered_result_class] => MDB2_BufferedResult_%s [result_wrap_class] => [result_buffering] => 1 [fetch_class] => stdClass [persistent] => [debug] => 0 [debug_handler] => MDB2_defaultDebugOutput [debug_expanded_output] => [default_text_field_length] => 4096 [lob_buffer_length] => 8192 [log_line_break] => [idxname_format] => %s_idx [seqname_format] => %s_seq [savepoint_format] => MDB2_SAVEPOINT_%s [statement_format] => MDB2_STATEMENT_%1$s_%2$s [seqcol_name] => sequence [quote_identifier] => [use_transactions] => 1 [decimal_places] => 2 [portability] => 127 [modules] => Array ( [ex] => Extended [dt] => Datatype [mg] => Manager [rv] => Reverse [na] => Native [fc] => Function ) [emulate_prepared] => [datatype_map] => Array ( ) [datatype_map_callback] => Array ( ) [nativetype_map_callback] => Array ( ) [lob_allow_url_include] => [bindname_format] => (?:\d+)|(?:[a-zA-Z][a-zA-Z0-9_]*) [max_identifiers_length] => 64 [default_fk_action_onupdate] => RESTRICT [default_fk_action_ondelete] => RESTRICT [DBA_username] => [DBA_password] => [default_table_type] => ) [wildcards] => Array ( [0] => % [1] => _ ) [as_keyword] => AS [warnings] => Array ( ) [debug_output] => [in_transaction] => [nested_transaction_counter] => [has_transaction_error] => [offset] => 0 [limit] => 0 [phptype] => mysql [dbsyntax] => mysql [last_query] => SELECT pho_name FROM photographer WHERE id = 626 [fetchmode] => 1 [modules] => Array ( ) [destructor_registered] => 1 [_debug] => [_default_error_mode] => [_default_error_options] => [_default_error_handler] => [_error_class] => PEAR_Error [_expected_errors] => Array ( ) ) [time_created] => 2012-08-14 12:35:31 [time_updated] => 2013-08-23 16:11:23 [id] => 19622 [sortorder] => [tbl] => image [fields] => [application_path] => /public_web_sites/www.inc.com/reflex/ [core_application_url] => http://www.inc.com/ [error] => Array ( [0] => Problem initializing. A method for "incid" does not exist. [1] => Problem initializing. A method for "imgid" does not exist. ) [sort] => [img_phoid_nameref] => Jeffery Salter ) [rssfeatureimage] => http://www.inc.com/uploaded_files/image/78-oleg-firer-no1-pan_19622.jpg [smallvideothumbnail] => http://www.inc.com/uploaded_files/image/155x90/78-oleg-firer-no1-pan_19622.jpg [largevideothumbnail] => http://www.inc.com/uploaded_files/image/284x160/78-oleg-firer-no1-pan_19622.jpg [rssphotocredit] => Jeffery Salter [tilefeatureimage] => http://www.inc.com/uploaded_files/image/300x200/78-oleg-firer-no1-pan_19622.jpg ) Article Object ( [inc_foreignid] => [inc_title] => This Entrepreneur Is Being Deported Because of a Bureaucratic Error [inc_headline_prefix] => [inc_headline] => Wait, Don't We Want This Guy? [inc_homepage_headline] => Wait, Don't We Want This Start-up? [inc_homepage_headline_ab_test] => [inc_lander_headline] => [inc_sharing_headline] => [inc_twitter_headline] => [inc_column_name_override] => [inc_reference_name] => [inc_custom_byline] => [inc_typid] => 1 [inc_autid] => [inc_deck] => [inc_homepage_deck] => [inc_lander_deck] => [inc_sharing_deck] => [inc_image_caption_override] => [inc_show_feature_imageflag] => [inc_pubdate] => 2012-10-15 04:34:55 [inc_promo_date] => [inc_custom_pubdate] => [inc_meta_keywords] => [inc_custom_additional_description] => [inc_filelocation] => eric-markowitz/asaf-darash-entrepreneur-deported-visa-error.html [inc_override_url] => [inc_custom_header] => [inc_custom_css] => [inc_custom_javascript] => [inc_display_videos_as_playlistflag] => [inc_autoplay_videoflag] => [inc_display_video_at_bottomflag] => [inc_hide_video_prerollflag] => [inc_clean_text] => [inc_code_only_text] => [inc_notepad] => [inc_toolbar_text] => [inc_read_more_override] => [inc_show_read_moreflag] => [inc_custom_sidebar_head] => [inc_sidebar_adcodeflag] => [inc_custom_sidebar] => [inc_custom_footer] => [inc_full_width_footerflag] => [inc_show_pinboardflag] => [inc_staid] => 7 [inc_premiumflag] => [inc_newsworthyflag] => TRUE [inc_standoutflag] => FALSE [inc_evergreen_contentflag] => [inc_homepage_riverflag] => [inc_comment_alert] => [inc_copyeditedflag] => FALSE [inc_activeflag] => TRUE [inc_hide_bucket_imageflag] => [inc_hide_article_sidebarflag] => [inc_hide_commentsflag] => [inc_show_social_linksflag] => [inc_prtid] => [inc_canonical_url] => [inc_serid] => [inc_registration_requiredflag] => [inc_use_narrow_navflag] => [inc_no_cacheflag] => [inc_eopid] => [inc_tracking_pixel_url] => [inc_custom_adzone] => [inc_imu_style_image_overrideref] => [inc_imu_style_image_override_ab_testref] => [inc_tile_tracking_pixel_url] => [inc_alchemyupdatetime] => [owner_admid] => [inc_f1temp] => [inc_alchemyentityxml] => [inc_alchemykeywordxml] => [dbObj] => MDB2_Driver_mysql Object ( [string_quoting] => Array ( [start] => ' [end] => ' [escape] => \ [escape_pattern] => \ ) [identifier_quoting] => Array ( [start] => ` [end] => ` [escape] => ` ) [sql_comments] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [start] => -- [end] => [escape] => ) [1] => Array ( [start] => # [end] => [escape] => ) [2] => Array ( [start] => /* [end] => */ [escape] => ) ) [server_capabilities_checked] => 1 [start_transaction] => 1 [varchar_max_length] => 65532 [db_index] => 1 [dsn] => Array ( [phptype] => mysql [dbsyntax] => mysql [username] => inccom [password] => b4Fjf2jaFLfc [protocol] => tcp [hostspec] => MYDB [port] => [socket] => [database] => [mode] => ) [connected_dsn] => Array ( [phptype] => mysql [dbsyntax] => mysql [username] => inccom [password] => b4Fjf2jaFLfc [protocol] => tcp [hostspec] => MYDB [port] => [socket] => [database] => [mode] => ) [connection] => Resource id #7 [opened_persistent] => [database_name] => sitecontent [connected_database_name] => sitecontent [connected_server_info] => 5.5.38-35.2-log [supported] => Array ( [sequences] => emulated [indexes] => 1 [affected_rows] => 1 [summary_functions] => 1 [order_by_text] => 1 [transactions] => 1 [savepoints] => 1 [current_id] => emulated [limit_queries] => 1 [LOBs] => 1 [replace] => 1 [sub_selects] => 1 [triggers] => 1 [auto_increment] => 1 [primary_key] => 1 [result_introspection] => 1 [prepared_statements] => 1 [identifier_quoting] => 1 [pattern_escaping] => 1 [new_link] => 1 ) [options] => Array ( [ssl] => [field_case] => 0 [disable_query] => [result_class] => MDB2_Result_%s [buffered_result_class] => MDB2_BufferedResult_%s [result_wrap_class] => [result_buffering] => 1 [fetch_class] => stdClass [persistent] => [debug] => 0 [debug_handler] => MDB2_defaultDebugOutput [debug_expanded_output] => [default_text_field_length] => 4096 [lob_buffer_length] => 8192 [log_line_break] => [idxname_format] => %s_idx [seqname_format] => %s_seq [savepoint_format] => MDB2_SAVEPOINT_%s [statement_format] => MDB2_STATEMENT_%1$s_%2$s [seqcol_name] => sequence [quote_identifier] => [use_transactions] => 1 [decimal_places] => 2 [portability] => 127 [modules] => Array ( [ex] => Extended [dt] => Datatype [mg] => Manager [rv] => Reverse [na] => Native [fc] => Function ) [emulate_prepared] => [datatype_map] => Array ( ) [datatype_map_callback] => Array ( ) [nativetype_map_callback] => Array ( ) [lob_allow_url_include] => [bindname_format] => (?:\d+)|(?:[a-zA-Z][a-zA-Z0-9_]*) [max_identifiers_length] => 64 [default_fk_action_onupdate] => RESTRICT [default_fk_action_ondelete] => RESTRICT [DBA_username] => [DBA_password] => [default_table_type] => ) [wildcards] => Array ( [0] => % [1] => _ ) [as_keyword] => AS [warnings] => Array ( ) [debug_output] => [in_transaction] => [nested_transaction_counter] => [has_transaction_error] => [offset] => 0 [limit] => 0 [phptype] => mysql [dbsyntax] => mysql [last_query] => SELECT * FROM article_image INNER JOIN image ON article_image.imgid = image.id WHERE article_image.incid = '44682' ORDER BY article_image.sortorder [fetchmode] => 1 [modules] => Array ( ) [destructor_registered] => 1 [_debug] => [_default_error_mode] => [_default_error_options] => [_default_error_handler] => [_error_class] => PEAR_Error [_expected_errors] => Array ( ) ) [time_created] => [time_updated] => [id] => 44682 [sortorder] => [tbl] => article [fields] => [application_path] => /public_web_sites/www.inc.com/reflex/ [core_application_url] => http://www.inc.com/ [sort] => [largeformat] => FALSE [baseurl] => http://www.inc.com/ [timestamp] => [homepage_headline] => Wait, Don't We Want This Start-up? [homepage_headline2] => Wait, Don't We Want This Start-up? [homepage_deck] => [lightfeatureimage] => FALSE [imagelist_primary] => Array ( [20924] => Image Object ( [img_foreignkey] => [img_reference_name] => __DO NOT USE__Regpack and CEO Asaf Darash [img_caption] => Regpack's employees will be left in limbo if their CEO, Asaf Darash (center, in black), must leave the country. [img_alt_text] => Regpack and CEO Asaf Darash [img_custom_credit] => [img_custom_meta_data] => [img_phoid] => 792 [img_ityid] => 1 [img_bucketref] => Regpack-and-CEO-Asaf-Darash_bkt.jpg [img_bucket_dimx] => 336 [img_bucket_dimy] => 336 [img_f1imageref] => [img_panoramicref] => Regpack-and-CEO-Asaf-Darash_pan.jpg [img_pan_dimx] => 575 [img_pan_dimy] => 270 [img_light_imageflag] => FALSE [img_tile_override_imageref] => [img_skyscraperref] => [img_sky_dimx] => [img_sky_dimy] => [img_super_panoramicref] => [img_gallery_imageref] => [img_full_screen_ref] => Regpack-and-CEO-Asaf-Darash_pop.jpg [img_custom_cropref] => [img_full_text] => [img_tags] => Regpack and CEO Asaf Darash [img_notes] => [img_gettyflag] => FALSE [dbObj] => MDB2_Driver_mysql Object ( [string_quoting] => Array ( [start] => ' [end] => ' [escape] => \ [escape_pattern] => \ ) [identifier_quoting] => Array ( [start] => ` [end] => ` [escape] => ` ) [sql_comments] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [start] => -- [end] => [escape] => ) [1] => Array ( [start] => # [end] => [escape] => ) [2] => Array ( [start] => /* [end] => */ [escape] => ) ) [server_capabilities_checked] => 1 [start_transaction] => 1 [varchar_max_length] => 65532 [db_index] => 1 [dsn] => Array ( [phptype] => mysql [dbsyntax] => mysql [username] => inccom [password] => b4Fjf2jaFLfc [protocol] => tcp [hostspec] => MYDB [port] => [socket] => [database] => [mode] => ) [connected_dsn] => Array ( [phptype] => mysql [dbsyntax] => mysql [username] => inccom [password] => b4Fjf2jaFLfc [protocol] => tcp [hostspec] => MYDB [port] => [socket] => [database] => [mode] => ) [connection] => Resource id #7 [opened_persistent] => [database_name] => sitecontent [connected_database_name] => sitecontent [connected_server_info] => 5.5.38-35.2-log [supported] => Array ( [sequences] => emulated [indexes] => 1 [affected_rows] => 1 [summary_functions] => 1 [order_by_text] => 1 [transactions] => 1 [savepoints] => 1 [current_id] => emulated [limit_queries] => 1 [LOBs] => 1 [replace] => 1 [sub_selects] => 1 [triggers] => 1 [auto_increment] => 1 [primary_key] => 1 [result_introspection] => 1 [prepared_statements] => 1 [identifier_quoting] => 1 [pattern_escaping] => 1 [new_link] => 1 ) [options] => Array ( [ssl] => [field_case] => 0 [disable_query] => [result_class] => MDB2_Result_%s [buffered_result_class] => MDB2_BufferedResult_%s [result_wrap_class] => [result_buffering] => 1 [fetch_class] => stdClass [persistent] => [debug] => 0 [debug_handler] => MDB2_defaultDebugOutput [debug_expanded_output] => [default_text_field_length] => 4096 [lob_buffer_length] => 8192 [log_line_break] => [idxname_format] => %s_idx [seqname_format] => %s_seq [savepoint_format] => MDB2_SAVEPOINT_%s [statement_format] => MDB2_STATEMENT_%1$s_%2$s [seqcol_name] => sequence [quote_identifier] => [use_transactions] => 1 [decimal_places] => 2 [portability] => 127 [modules] => Array ( [ex] => Extended [dt] => Datatype [mg] => Manager [rv] => Reverse [na] => Native [fc] => Function ) [emulate_prepared] => [datatype_map] => Array ( ) [datatype_map_callback] => Array ( ) [nativetype_map_callback] => Array ( ) [lob_allow_url_include] => [bindname_format] => (?:\d+)|(?:[a-zA-Z][a-zA-Z0-9_]*) [max_identifiers_length] => 64 [default_fk_action_onupdate] => RESTRICT [default_fk_action_ondelete] => RESTRICT [DBA_username] => [DBA_password] => [default_table_type] => ) [wildcards] => Array ( [0] => % [1] => _ ) [as_keyword] => AS [warnings] => Array ( ) [debug_output] => [in_transaction] => [nested_transaction_counter] => [has_transaction_error] => [offset] => 0 [limit] => 0 [phptype] => mysql [dbsyntax] => mysql [last_query] => SELECT * FROM article_image INNER JOIN image ON article_image.imgid = image.id WHERE article_image.incid = '44682' ORDER BY article_image.sortorder [fetchmode] => 1 [modules] => Array ( ) [destructor_registered] => 1 [_debug] => [_default_error_mode] => [_default_error_options] => [_default_error_handler] => [_error_class] => PEAR_Error [_expected_errors] => Array ( ) ) [time_created] => 2012-10-11 14:00:28 [time_updated] => 2013-08-23 16:25:38 [id] => 20924 [sortorder] => [tbl] => image [fields] => [application_path] => /public_web_sites/www.inc.com/reflex/ [core_application_url] => http://www.inc.com/ [error] => Array ( [0] => Problem initializing. A method for "incid" does not exist. [1] => Problem initializing. A method for "imgid" does not exist. ) [sort] => ) ) ) Article Object ( [inc_foreignid] => [inc_title] => [inc_headline_prefix] => [inc_headline] => [inc_homepage_headline] => [inc_homepage_headline_ab_test] => [inc_lander_headline] => [inc_sharing_headline] => [inc_twitter_headline] => [inc_column_name_override] => [inc_reference_name] => [inc_custom_byline] => [inc_typid] => [inc_autid] => [inc_deck] => [inc_homepage_deck] => [inc_lander_deck] => [inc_sharing_deck] => [inc_image_caption_override] => [inc_show_feature_imageflag] => [inc_pubdate] => [inc_promo_date] => [inc_custom_pubdate] => [inc_meta_keywords] => [inc_custom_additional_description] => [inc_filelocation] => [inc_override_url] => [inc_custom_header] => [inc_custom_css] => [inc_custom_javascript] => [inc_display_videos_as_playlistflag] => [inc_autoplay_videoflag] => [inc_display_video_at_bottomflag] => [inc_hide_video_prerollflag] => [inc_clean_text] => [inc_code_only_text] => [inc_notepad] => [inc_toolbar_text] => [inc_read_more_override] => [inc_show_read_moreflag] => [inc_custom_sidebar_head] => [inc_sidebar_adcodeflag] => [inc_custom_sidebar] => [inc_custom_footer] => [inc_full_width_footerflag] => [inc_show_pinboardflag] => [inc_staid] => [inc_premiumflag] => [inc_newsworthyflag] => [inc_standoutflag] => [inc_evergreen_contentflag] => [inc_homepage_riverflag] => [inc_comment_alert] => [inc_copyeditedflag] => [inc_activeflag] => [inc_hide_bucket_imageflag] => [inc_hide_article_sidebarflag] => [inc_hide_commentsflag] => [inc_show_social_linksflag] => [inc_prtid] => [inc_canonical_url] => [inc_serid] => [inc_registration_requiredflag] => [inc_use_narrow_navflag] => [inc_no_cacheflag] => [inc_eopid] => [inc_tracking_pixel_url] => [inc_custom_adzone] => [inc_imu_style_image_overrideref] => [inc_imu_style_image_override_ab_testref] => [inc_tile_tracking_pixel_url] => [inc_alchemyupdatetime] => [owner_admid] => [inc_f1temp] => [inc_alchemyentityxml] => [inc_alchemykeywordxml] => [dbObj] => MDB2_Driver_mysql Object ( [string_quoting] => Array ( [start] => ' [end] => ' [escape] => \ [escape_pattern] => \ ) [identifier_quoting] => Array ( [start] => ` [end] => ` [escape] => ` ) [sql_comments] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [start] => -- [end] => [escape] => ) [1] => Array ( [start] => # [end] => [escape] => ) [2] => Array ( [start] => /* [end] => */ [escape] => ) ) [server_capabilities_checked] => 1 [start_transaction] => 1 [varchar_max_length] => 65532 [db_index] => 1 [dsn] => Array ( [phptype] => mysql [dbsyntax] => mysql [username] => inccom [password] => b4Fjf2jaFLfc [protocol] => tcp [hostspec] => MYDB [port] => [socket] => [database] => [mode] => ) [connected_dsn] => Array ( [phptype] => mysql [dbsyntax] => mysql [username] => inccom [password] => b4Fjf2jaFLfc [protocol] => tcp [hostspec] => MYDB [port] => [socket] => [database] => [mode] => ) [connection] => Resource id #7 [opened_persistent] => [database_name] => sitecontent [connected_database_name] => sitecontent [connected_server_info] => 5.5.38-35.2-log [supported] => Array ( [sequences] => emulated [indexes] => 1 [affected_rows] => 1 [summary_functions] => 1 [order_by_text] => 1 [transactions] => 1 [savepoints] => 1 [current_id] => emulated [limit_queries] => 1 [LOBs] => 1 [replace] => 1 [sub_selects] => 1 [triggers] => 1 [auto_increment] => 1 [primary_key] => 1 [result_introspection] => 1 [prepared_statements] => 1 [identifier_quoting] => 1 [pattern_escaping] => 1 [new_link] => 1 ) [options] => Array ( [ssl] => [field_case] => 0 [disable_query] => [result_class] => MDB2_Result_%s [buffered_result_class] => MDB2_BufferedResult_%s [result_wrap_class] => [result_buffering] => 1 [fetch_class] => stdClass [persistent] => [debug] => 0 [debug_handler] => MDB2_defaultDebugOutput [debug_expanded_output] => [default_text_field_length] => 4096 [lob_buffer_length] => 8192 [log_line_break] => [idxname_format] => %s_idx [seqname_format] => %s_seq [savepoint_format] => MDB2_SAVEPOINT_%s [statement_format] => MDB2_STATEMENT_%1$s_%2$s [seqcol_name] => sequence [quote_identifier] => [use_transactions] => 1 [decimal_places] => 2 [portability] => 127 [modules] => Array ( [ex] => Extended [dt] => Datatype [mg] => Manager [rv] => Reverse [na] => Native [fc] => Function ) [emulate_prepared] => [datatype_map] => Array ( ) [datatype_map_callback] => Array ( ) [nativetype_map_callback] => Array ( ) [lob_allow_url_include] => [bindname_format] => (?:\d+)|(?:[a-zA-Z][a-zA-Z0-9_]*) [max_identifiers_length] => 64 [default_fk_action_onupdate] => RESTRICT [default_fk_action_ondelete] => RESTRICT [DBA_username] => [DBA_password] => [default_table_type] => ) [wildcards] => Array ( [0] => % [1] => _ ) [as_keyword] => AS [warnings] => Array ( ) [debug_output] => [in_transaction] => [nested_transaction_counter] => [has_transaction_error] => [offset] => 0 [limit] => 0 [phptype] => mysql [dbsyntax] => mysql [last_query] => SELECT * FROM article_image INNER JOIN image ON article_image.imgid = image.id WHERE article_image.incid = '68061' ORDER BY article_image.sortorder [fetchmode] => 1 [modules] => Array ( ) [destructor_registered] => 1 [_debug] => [_default_error_mode] => [_default_error_options] => [_default_error_handler] => [_error_class] => PEAR_Error [_expected_errors] => Array ( ) ) [time_created] => [time_updated] => [id] => 68061 [sortorder] => [tbl] => article [fields] => [application_path] => /public_web_sites/www.inc.com/reflex/ [core_application_url] => http://www.inc.com/ [largeformat] => FALSE [baseurl] => http://www.inc.com/ [timestamp] => [homepage_headline] => [homepage_headline2] => [homepage_deck] => [lightfeatureimage] => FALSE [imagelist_primary] => Array ( [47700] => Image Object ( [img_foreignkey] => [img_reference_name] => anurag jain, ruby polanco, derek cha [img_caption] => (From left to right) Anurag Jain of Prepay Nation, Ruby Polanco of Ruby Makeup Academy, and Derek Cha of Sweetfrog are among the 21 percent of Inc. 500 CEOs who were born outside of the United States. [img_alt_text] => anurag jain, ruby polanco, derek cha [img_custom_credit] => [img_custom_meta_data] => [img_phoid] => 139 [img_ityid] => 1 [img_bucketref] => [img_bucket_dimx] => [img_bucket_dimy] => [img_f1imageref] => [img_panoramicref] => anurag-jain-ruby-polanco-derek-cha.jpg [img_pan_dimx] => 970 [img_pan_dimy] => 450 [img_light_imageflag] => FALSE [img_tile_override_imageref] => anurag-jain-ruby-polanco-derek-cha-300.jpg [img_skyscraperref] => [img_sky_dimx] => [img_sky_dimy] => [img_super_panoramicref] => [img_gallery_imageref] => [img_full_screen_ref] => [img_custom_cropref] => [img_full_text] => [img_tags] => anurag jain, ruby polanco, derek cha [img_notes] => [img_gettyflag] => FALSE [dbObj] => MDB2_Driver_mysql Object ( [string_quoting] => Array ( [start] => ' [end] => ' [escape] => \ [escape_pattern] => \ ) [identifier_quoting] => Array ( [start] => ` [end] => ` [escape] => ` ) [sql_comments] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [start] => -- [end] => [escape] => ) [1] => Array ( [start] => # [end] => [escape] => ) [2] => Array ( [start] => /* [end] => */ [escape] => ) ) [server_capabilities_checked] => 1 [start_transaction] => 1 [varchar_max_length] => 65532 [db_index] => 1 [dsn] => Array ( [phptype] => mysql [dbsyntax] => mysql [username] => inccom [password] => b4Fjf2jaFLfc [protocol] => tcp [hostspec] => MYDB [port] => [socket] => [database] => [mode] => ) [connected_dsn] => Array ( [phptype] => mysql [dbsyntax] => mysql [username] => inccom [password] => b4Fjf2jaFLfc [protocol] => tcp [hostspec] => MYDB [port] => [socket] => [database] => [mode] => ) [connection] => Resource id #7 [opened_persistent] => [database_name] => sitecontent [connected_database_name] => sitecontent [connected_server_info] => 5.5.38-35.2-log [supported] => Array ( [sequences] => emulated [indexes] => 1 [affected_rows] => 1 [summary_functions] => 1 [order_by_text] => 1 [transactions] => 1 [savepoints] => 1 [current_id] => emulated [limit_queries] => 1 [LOBs] => 1 [replace] => 1 [sub_selects] => 1 [triggers] => 1 [auto_increment] => 1 [primary_key] => 1 [result_introspection] => 1 [prepared_statements] => 1 [identifier_quoting] => 1 [pattern_escaping] => 1 [new_link] => 1 ) [options] => Array ( [ssl] => [field_case] => 0 [disable_query] => [result_class] => MDB2_Result_%s [buffered_result_class] => MDB2_BufferedResult_%s [result_wrap_class] => [result_buffering] => 1 [fetch_class] => stdClass [persistent] => [debug] => 0 [debug_handler] => MDB2_defaultDebugOutput [debug_expanded_output] => [default_text_field_length] => 4096 [lob_buffer_length] => 8192 [log_line_break] => [idxname_format] => %s_idx [seqname_format] => %s_seq [savepoint_format] => MDB2_SAVEPOINT_%s [statement_format] => MDB2_STATEMENT_%1$s_%2$s [seqcol_name] => sequence [quote_identifier] => [use_transactions] => 1 [decimal_places] => 2 [portability] => 127 [modules] => Array ( [ex] => Extended [dt] => Datatype [mg] => Manager [rv] => Reverse [na] => Native [fc] => Function ) [emulate_prepared] => [datatype_map] => Array ( ) [datatype_map_callback] => Array ( ) [nativetype_map_callback] => Array ( ) [lob_allow_url_include] => [bindname_format] => (?:\d+)|(?:[a-zA-Z][a-zA-Z0-9_]*) [max_identifiers_length] => 64 [default_fk_action_onupdate] => RESTRICT [default_fk_action_ondelete] => RESTRICT [DBA_username] => [DBA_password] => [default_table_type] => ) [wildcards] => Array ( [0] => % [1] => _ ) [as_keyword] => AS [warnings] => Array ( ) [debug_output] => [in_transaction] => [nested_transaction_counter] => [has_transaction_error] => [offset] => 0 [limit] => 0 [phptype] => mysql [dbsyntax] => mysql [last_query] => SELECT * FROM article_image INNER JOIN image ON article_image.imgid = image.id WHERE article_image.incid = '68061' ORDER BY article_image.sortorder [fetchmode] => 1 [modules] => Array ( ) [destructor_registered] => 1 [_debug] => [_default_error_mode] => [_default_error_options] => [_default_error_handler] => [_error_class] => PEAR_Error [_expected_errors] => Array ( ) ) [time_created] => 2015-01-12 16:22:15 [time_updated] => 2015-01-12 17:19:20 [id] => 47700 [sortorder] => [tbl] => image [fields] => [application_path] => /public_web_sites/www.inc.com/reflex/ [core_application_url] => http://www.inc.com/ [error] => Array ( [0] => Problem initializing. A method for "incid" does not exist. [1] => Problem initializing. A method for "imgid" does not exist. ) [sort] => ) ) ) Article Object ( [inc_foreignid] => [inc_title] => [inc_headline_prefix] => [inc_headline] => [inc_homepage_headline] => [inc_homepage_headline_ab_test] => [inc_lander_headline] => [inc_sharing_headline] => [inc_twitter_headline] => [inc_column_name_override] => [inc_reference_name] => [inc_custom_byline] => [inc_typid] => [inc_autid] => [inc_deck] => [inc_homepage_deck] => [inc_lander_deck] => [inc_sharing_deck] => [inc_image_caption_override] => [inc_show_feature_imageflag] => [inc_pubdate] => [inc_promo_date] => [inc_custom_pubdate] => [inc_meta_keywords] => [inc_custom_additional_description] => [inc_filelocation] => [inc_override_url] => [inc_custom_header] => [inc_custom_css] => [inc_custom_javascript] => [inc_display_videos_as_playlistflag] => [inc_autoplay_videoflag] => [inc_display_video_at_bottomflag] => [inc_hide_video_prerollflag] => [inc_clean_text] => [inc_code_only_text] => [inc_notepad] => [inc_toolbar_text] => [inc_read_more_override] => [inc_show_read_moreflag] => [inc_custom_sidebar_head] => [inc_sidebar_adcodeflag] => [inc_custom_sidebar] => [inc_custom_footer] => [inc_full_width_footerflag] => [inc_show_pinboardflag] => [inc_staid] => [inc_premiumflag] => [inc_newsworthyflag] => [inc_standoutflag] => [inc_evergreen_contentflag] => [inc_homepage_riverflag] => [inc_comment_alert] => [inc_copyeditedflag] => [inc_activeflag] => [inc_hide_bucket_imageflag] => [inc_hide_article_sidebarflag] => [inc_hide_commentsflag] => [inc_show_social_linksflag] => [inc_prtid] => [inc_canonical_url] => [inc_serid] => [inc_registration_requiredflag] => [inc_use_narrow_navflag] => [inc_no_cacheflag] => [inc_eopid] => [inc_tracking_pixel_url] => [inc_custom_adzone] => [inc_imu_style_image_overrideref] => [inc_imu_style_image_override_ab_testref] => [inc_tile_tracking_pixel_url] => [inc_alchemyupdatetime] => [owner_admid] => [inc_f1temp] => [inc_alchemyentityxml] => [inc_alchemykeywordxml] => [dbObj] => MDB2_Driver_mysql Object ( [string_quoting] => Array ( [start] => ' [end] => ' [escape] => \ [escape_pattern] => \ ) [identifier_quoting] => Array ( [start] => ` [end] => ` [escape] => ` ) [sql_comments] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [start] => -- [end] => [escape] => ) [1] => Array ( [start] => # [end] => [escape] => ) [2] => Array ( [start] => /* [end] => */ [escape] => ) ) [server_capabilities_checked] => 1 [start_transaction] => 1 [varchar_max_length] => 65532 [db_index] => 1 [dsn] => Array ( [phptype] => mysql [dbsyntax] => mysql [username] => inccom [password] => b4Fjf2jaFLfc [protocol] => tcp [hostspec] => MYDB [port] => [socket] => [database] => [mode] => ) [connected_dsn] => Array ( [phptype] => mysql [dbsyntax] => mysql [username] => inccom [password] => b4Fjf2jaFLfc [protocol] => tcp [hostspec] => MYDB [port] => [socket] => [database] => [mode] => ) [connection] => Resource id #7 [opened_persistent] => [database_name] => sitecontent [connected_database_name] => sitecontent [connected_server_info] => 5.5.38-35.2-log [supported] => Array ( [sequences] => emulated [indexes] => 1 [affected_rows] => 1 [summary_functions] => 1 [order_by_text] => 1 [transactions] => 1 [savepoints] => 1 [current_id] => emulated [limit_queries] => 1 [LOBs] => 1 [replace] => 1 [sub_selects] => 1 [triggers] => 1 [auto_increment] => 1 [primary_key] => 1 [result_introspection] => 1 [prepared_statements] => 1 [identifier_quoting] => 1 [pattern_escaping] => 1 [new_link] => 1 ) [options] => Array ( [ssl] => [field_case] => 0 [disable_query] => [result_class] => MDB2_Result_%s [buffered_result_class] => MDB2_BufferedResult_%s [result_wrap_class] => [result_buffering] => 1 [fetch_class] => stdClass [persistent] => [debug] => 0 [debug_handler] => MDB2_defaultDebugOutput [debug_expanded_output] => [default_text_field_length] => 4096 [lob_buffer_length] => 8192 [log_line_break] => [idxname_format] => %s_idx [seqname_format] => %s_seq [savepoint_format] => MDB2_SAVEPOINT_%s [statement_format] => MDB2_STATEMENT_%1$s_%2$s [seqcol_name] => sequence [quote_identifier] => [use_transactions] => 1 [decimal_places] => 2 [portability] => 127 [modules] => Array ( [ex] => Extended [dt] => Datatype [mg] => Manager [rv] => Reverse [na] => Native [fc] => Function ) [emulate_prepared] => [datatype_map] => Array ( ) [datatype_map_callback] => Array ( ) [nativetype_map_callback] => Array ( ) [lob_allow_url_include] => [bindname_format] => (?:\d+)|(?:[a-zA-Z][a-zA-Z0-9_]*) [max_identifiers_length] => 64 [default_fk_action_onupdate] => RESTRICT [default_fk_action_ondelete] => RESTRICT [DBA_username] => [DBA_password] => [default_table_type] => ) [wildcards] => Array ( [0] => % [1] => _ ) [as_keyword] => AS [warnings] => Array ( ) [debug_output] => [in_transaction] => [nested_transaction_counter] => [has_transaction_error] => [offset] => 0 [limit] => 0 [phptype] => mysql [dbsyntax] => mysql [last_query] => SELECT * FROM article_image INNER JOIN image ON article_image.imgid = image.id WHERE article_image.incid = '65987' ORDER BY article_image.sortorder [fetchmode] => 1 [modules] => Array ( ) [destructor_registered] => 1 [_debug] => [_default_error_mode] => [_default_error_options] => [_default_error_handler] => [_error_class] => PEAR_Error [_expected_errors] => Array ( ) ) [time_created] => [time_updated] => [id] => 65987 [sortorder] => [tbl] => article [fields] => [application_path] => /public_web_sites/www.inc.com/reflex/ [core_application_url] => http://www.inc.com/ [largeformat] => FALSE [baseurl] => http://www.inc.com/ [timestamp] => [homepage_headline] => [homepage_headline2] => [homepage_deck] => [lightfeatureimage] => FALSE [imagelist_primary] => Array ( [44324] => Image Object ( [img_foreignkey] => 474661545 [img_reference_name] => getty_474661545.jpg [img_caption] => [img_alt_text] => Penny Pritzer Discusses Innovation Economy With LinkedIn CEO [img_custom_credit] => [img_custom_meta_data] => [img_phoid] => 872 [img_ityid] => 5 [img_bucketref] => [img_bucket_dimx] => [img_bucket_dimy] => [img_f1imageref] => [img_panoramicref] => getty_474661545.jpg [img_pan_dimx] => 3000 [img_pan_dimy] => 2115 [img_light_imageflag] => FALSE [img_tile_override_imageref] => [img_skyscraperref] => [img_sky_dimx] => [img_sky_dimy] => [img_super_panoramicref] => [img_gallery_imageref] => [img_full_screen_ref] => [img_custom_cropref] => [img_full_text] => [img_tags] => [img_notes] => [img_gettyflag] => TRUE [dbObj] => MDB2_Driver_mysql Object ( [string_quoting] => Array ( [start] => ' [end] => ' [escape] => \ [escape_pattern] => \ ) [identifier_quoting] => Array ( [start] => ` [end] => ` [escape] => ` ) [sql_comments] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [start] => -- [end] => [escape] => ) [1] => Array ( [start] => # [end] => [escape] => ) [2] => Array ( [start] => /* [end] => */ [escape] => ) ) [server_capabilities_checked] => 1 [start_transaction] => 1 [varchar_max_length] => 65532 [db_index] => 1 [dsn] => Array ( [phptype] => mysql [dbsyntax] => mysql [username] => inccom [password] => b4Fjf2jaFLfc [protocol] => tcp [hostspec] => MYDB [port] => [socket] => [database] => [mode] => ) [connected_dsn] => Array ( [phptype] => mysql [dbsyntax] => mysql [username] => inccom [password] => b4Fjf2jaFLfc [protocol] => tcp [hostspec] => MYDB [port] => [socket] => [database] => [mode] => ) [connection] => Resource id #7 [opened_persistent] => [database_name] => sitecontent [connected_database_name] => sitecontent [connected_server_info] => 5.5.38-35.2-log [supported] => Array ( [sequences] => emulated [indexes] => 1 [affected_rows] => 1 [summary_functions] => 1 [order_by_text] => 1 [transactions] => 1 [savepoints] => 1 [current_id] => emulated [limit_queries] => 1 [LOBs] => 1 [replace] => 1 [sub_selects] => 1 [triggers] => 1 [auto_increment] => 1 [primary_key] => 1 [result_introspection] => 1 [prepared_statements] => 1 [identifier_quoting] => 1 [pattern_escaping] => 1 [new_link] => 1 ) [options] => Array ( [ssl] => [field_case] => 0 [disable_query] => [result_class] => MDB2_Result_%s [buffered_result_class] => MDB2_BufferedResult_%s [result_wrap_class] => [result_buffering] => 1 [fetch_class] => stdClass [persistent] => [debug] => 0 [debug_handler] => MDB2_defaultDebugOutput [debug_expanded_output] => [default_text_field_length] => 4096 [lob_buffer_length] => 8192 [log_line_break] => [idxname_format] => %s_idx [seqname_format] => %s_seq [savepoint_format] => MDB2_SAVEPOINT_%s [statement_format] => MDB2_STATEMENT_%1$s_%2$s [seqcol_name] => sequence [quote_identifier] => [use_transactions] => 1 [decimal_places] => 2 [portability] => 127 [modules] => Array ( [ex] => Extended [dt] => Datatype [mg] => Manager [rv] => Reverse [na] => Native [fc] => Function ) [emulate_prepared] => [datatype_map] => Array ( ) [datatype_map_callback] => Array ( ) [nativetype_map_callback] => Array ( ) [lob_allow_url_include] => [bindname_format] => (?:\d+)|(?:[a-zA-Z][a-zA-Z0-9_]*) [max_identifiers_length] => 64 [default_fk_action_onupdate] => RESTRICT [default_fk_action_ondelete] => RESTRICT [DBA_username] => [DBA_password] => [default_table_type] => ) [wildcards] => Array ( [0] => % [1] => _ ) [as_keyword] => AS [warnings] => Array ( ) [debug_output] => [in_transaction] => [nested_transaction_counter] => [has_transaction_error] => [offset] => 0 [limit] => 0 [phptype] => mysql [dbsyntax] => mysql [last_query] => SELECT * FROM article_image INNER JOIN image ON article_image.imgid = image.id WHERE article_image.incid = '65987' ORDER BY article_image.sortorder [fetchmode] => 1 [modules] => Array ( ) [destructor_registered] => 1 [_debug] => [_default_error_mode] => [_default_error_options] => [_default_error_handler] => [_error_class] => PEAR_Error [_expected_errors] => Array ( ) ) [time_created] => 2014-11-20 17:29:00 [time_updated] => 2014-11-20 17:29:01 [id] => 44324 [sortorder] => [tbl] => image [fields] => [application_path] => /public_web_sites/www.inc.com/reflex/ [core_application_url] => http://www.inc.com/ [error] => Array ( [0] => Problem initializing. A method for "incid" does not exist. [1] => Problem initializing. A method for "imgid" does not exist. ) [sort] => 0 ) ) ) Article Object ( [inc_foreignid] => [inc_title] => [inc_headline_prefix] => [inc_headline] => [inc_homepage_headline] => [inc_homepage_headline_ab_test] => [inc_lander_headline] => [inc_sharing_headline] => [inc_twitter_headline] => [inc_column_name_override] => [inc_reference_name] => [inc_custom_byline] => [inc_typid] => [inc_autid] => [inc_deck] => [inc_homepage_deck] => [inc_lander_deck] => [inc_sharing_deck] => [inc_image_caption_override] => [inc_show_feature_imageflag] => [inc_pubdate] => [inc_promo_date] => [inc_custom_pubdate] => [inc_meta_keywords] => [inc_custom_additional_description] => [inc_filelocation] => [inc_override_url] => [inc_custom_header] => [inc_custom_css] => [inc_custom_javascript] => [inc_display_videos_as_playlistflag] => [inc_autoplay_videoflag] => [inc_display_video_at_bottomflag] => [inc_hide_video_prerollflag] => [inc_clean_text] => [inc_code_only_text] => [inc_notepad] => [inc_toolbar_text] => [inc_read_more_override] => [inc_show_read_moreflag] => [inc_custom_sidebar_head] => [inc_sidebar_adcodeflag] => [inc_custom_sidebar] => [inc_custom_footer] => [inc_full_width_footerflag] => [inc_show_pinboardflag] => [inc_staid] => [inc_premiumflag] => [inc_newsworthyflag] => [inc_standoutflag] => [inc_evergreen_contentflag] => [inc_homepage_riverflag] => [inc_comment_alert] => [inc_copyeditedflag] => [inc_activeflag] => [inc_hide_bucket_imageflag] => [inc_hide_article_sidebarflag] => [inc_hide_commentsflag] => [inc_show_social_linksflag] => [inc_prtid] => [inc_canonical_url] => [inc_serid] => [inc_registration_requiredflag] => [inc_use_narrow_navflag] => [inc_no_cacheflag] => [inc_eopid] => [inc_tracking_pixel_url] => [inc_custom_adzone] => [inc_imu_style_image_overrideref] => [inc_imu_style_image_override_ab_testref] => [inc_tile_tracking_pixel_url] => [inc_alchemyupdatetime] => [owner_admid] => [inc_f1temp] => [inc_alchemyentityxml] => [inc_alchemykeywordxml] => [dbObj] => MDB2_Driver_mysql Object ( [string_quoting] => Array ( [start] => ' [end] => ' [escape] => \ [escape_pattern] => \ ) [identifier_quoting] => Array ( [start] => ` [end] => ` [escape] => ` ) [sql_comments] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [start] => -- [end] => [escape] => ) [1] => Array ( [start] => # [end] => [escape] => ) [2] => Array ( [start] => /* [end] => */ [escape] => ) ) [server_capabilities_checked] => 1 [start_transaction] => 1 [varchar_max_length] => 65532 [db_index] => 1 [dsn] => Array ( [phptype] => mysql [dbsyntax] => mysql [username] => inccom [password] => b4Fjf2jaFLfc [protocol] => tcp [hostspec] => MYDB [port] => [socket] => [database] => [mode] => ) [connected_dsn] => Array ( [phptype] => mysql [dbsyntax] => mysql [username] => inccom [password] => b4Fjf2jaFLfc [protocol] => tcp [hostspec] => MYDB [port] => [socket] => [database] => [mode] => ) [connection] => Resource id #7 [opened_persistent] => [database_name] => sitecontent [connected_database_name] => sitecontent [connected_server_info] => 5.5.38-35.2-log [supported] => Array ( [sequences] => emulated [indexes] => 1 [affected_rows] => 1 [summary_functions] => 1 [order_by_text] => 1 [transactions] => 1 [savepoints] => 1 [current_id] => emulated [limit_queries] => 1 [LOBs] => 1 [replace] => 1 [sub_selects] => 1 [triggers] => 1 [auto_increment] => 1 [primary_key] => 1 [result_introspection] => 1 [prepared_statements] => 1 [identifier_quoting] => 1 [pattern_escaping] => 1 [new_link] => 1 ) [options] => Array ( [ssl] => [field_case] => 0 [disable_query] => [result_class] => MDB2_Result_%s [buffered_result_class] => MDB2_BufferedResult_%s [result_wrap_class] => [result_buffering] => 1 [fetch_class] => stdClass [persistent] => [debug] => 0 [debug_handler] => MDB2_defaultDebugOutput [debug_expanded_output] => [default_text_field_length] => 4096 [lob_buffer_length] => 8192 [log_line_break] => [idxname_format] => %s_idx [seqname_format] => %s_seq [savepoint_format] => MDB2_SAVEPOINT_%s [statement_format] => MDB2_STATEMENT_%1$s_%2$s [seqcol_name] => sequence [quote_identifier] => [use_transactions] => 1 [decimal_places] => 2 [portability] => 127 [modules] => Array ( [ex] => Extended [dt] => Datatype [mg] => Manager [rv] => Reverse [na] => Native [fc] => Function ) [emulate_prepared] => [datatype_map] => Array ( ) [datatype_map_callback] => Array ( ) [nativetype_map_callback] => Array ( ) [lob_allow_url_include] => [bindname_format] => (?:\d+)|(?:[a-zA-Z][a-zA-Z0-9_]*) [max_identifiers_length] => 64 [default_fk_action_onupdate] => RESTRICT [default_fk_action_ondelete] => RESTRICT [DBA_username] => [DBA_password] => [default_table_type] => ) [wildcards] => Array ( [0] => % [1] => _ ) [as_keyword] => AS [warnings] => Array ( ) [debug_output] => [in_transaction] => [nested_transaction_counter] => [has_transaction_error] => [offset] => 0 [limit] => 0 [phptype] => mysql [dbsyntax] => mysql [last_query] => SELECT * FROM article_image INNER JOIN image ON article_image.imgid = image.id WHERE article_image.incid = '65941' ORDER BY article_image.sortorder [fetchmode] => 1 [modules] => Array ( ) [destructor_registered] => 1 [_debug] => [_default_error_mode] => [_default_error_options] => [_default_error_handler] => [_error_class] => PEAR_Error [_expected_errors] => Array ( ) ) [time_created] => [time_updated] => [id] => 65941 [sortorder] => [tbl] => article [fields] => [application_path] => /public_web_sites/www.inc.com/reflex/ [core_application_url] => http://www.inc.com/ [largeformat] => FALSE [baseurl] => http://www.inc.com/ [timestamp] => [homepage_headline] => [homepage_headline2] => [homepage_deck] => [lightfeatureimage] => FALSE [imagelist_primary] => Array ( [37612] => Image Object ( [img_foreignkey] => [img_reference_name] => *barack obama, president [img_caption] => [img_alt_text] => barack obama, president [img_custom_credit] => [img_custom_meta_data] => [img_phoid] => 887 [img_ityid] => 1 [img_bucketref] => [img_bucket_dimx] => [img_bucket_dimy] => [img_f1imageref] => [img_panoramicref] => barack-obama.jpg [img_pan_dimx] => 970 [img_pan_dimy] => 450 [img_light_imageflag] => FALSE [img_tile_override_imageref] => [img_skyscraperref] => [img_sky_dimx] => [img_sky_dimy] => [img_super_panoramicref] => [img_gallery_imageref] => [img_full_screen_ref] => [img_custom_cropref] => [img_full_text] => [img_tags] => barack obama, president, government, [img_notes] => [img_gettyflag] => FALSE [dbObj] => MDB2_Driver_mysql Object ( [string_quoting] => Array ( [start] => ' [end] => ' [escape] => \ [escape_pattern] => \ ) [identifier_quoting] => Array ( [start] => ` [end] => ` [escape] => ` ) [sql_comments] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [start] => -- [end] => [escape] => ) [1] => Array ( [start] => # [end] => [escape] => ) [2] => Array ( [start] => /* [end] => */ [escape] => ) ) [server_capabilities_checked] => 1 [start_transaction] => 1 [varchar_max_length] => 65532 [db_index] => 1 [dsn] => Array ( [phptype] => mysql [dbsyntax] => mysql [username] => inccom [password] => b4Fjf2jaFLfc [protocol] => tcp [hostspec] => MYDB [port] => [socket] => [database] => [mode] => ) [connected_dsn] => Array ( [phptype] => mysql [dbsyntax] => mysql [username] => inccom [password] => b4Fjf2jaFLfc [protocol] => tcp [hostspec] => MYDB [port] => [socket] => [database] => [mode] => ) [connection] => Resource id #7 [opened_persistent] => [database_name] => sitecontent [connected_database_name] => sitecontent [connected_server_info] => 5.5.38-35.2-log [supported] => Array ( [sequences] => emulated [indexes] => 1 [affected_rows] => 1 [summary_functions] => 1 [order_by_text] => 1 [transactions] => 1 [savepoints] => 1 [current_id] => emulated [limit_queries] => 1 [LOBs] => 1 [replace] => 1 [sub_selects] => 1 [triggers] => 1 [auto_increment] => 1 [primary_key] => 1 [result_introspection] => 1 [prepared_statements] => 1 [identifier_quoting] => 1 [pattern_escaping] => 1 [new_link] => 1 ) [options] => Array ( [ssl] => [field_case] => 0 [disable_query] => [result_class] => MDB2_Result_%s [buffered_result_class] => MDB2_BufferedResult_%s [result_wrap_class] => [result_buffering] => 1 [fetch_class] => stdClass [persistent] => [debug] => 0 [debug_handler] => MDB2_defaultDebugOutput [debug_expanded_output] => [default_text_field_length] => 4096 [lob_buffer_length] => 8192 [log_line_break] => [idxname_format] => %s_idx [seqname_format] => %s_seq [savepoint_format] => MDB2_SAVEPOINT_%s [statement_format] => MDB2_STATEMENT_%1$s_%2$s [seqcol_name] => sequence [quote_identifier] => [use_transactions] => 1 [decimal_places] => 2 [portability] => 127 [modules] => Array ( [ex] => Extended [dt] => Datatype [mg] => Manager [rv] => Reverse [na] => Native [fc] => Function ) [emulate_prepared] => [datatype_map] => Array ( ) [datatype_map_callback] => Array ( ) [nativetype_map_callback] => Array ( ) [lob_allow_url_include] => [bindname_format] => (?:\d+)|(?:[a-zA-Z][a-zA-Z0-9_]*) [max_identifiers_length] => 64 [default_fk_action_onupdate] => RESTRICT [default_fk_action_ondelete] => RESTRICT [DBA_username] => [DBA_password] => [default_table_type] => ) [wildcards] => Array ( [0] => % [1] => _ ) [as_keyword] => AS [warnings] => Array ( ) [debug_output] => [in_transaction] => [nested_transaction_counter] => [has_transaction_error] => [offset] => 0 [limit] => 0 [phptype] => mysql [dbsyntax] => mysql [last_query] => SELECT * FROM article_image INNER JOIN image ON article_image.imgid = image.id WHERE article_image.incid = '65941' ORDER BY article_image.sortorder [fetchmode] => 1 [modules] => Array ( ) [destructor_registered] => 1 [_debug] => [_default_error_mode] => [_default_error_options] => [_default_error_handler] => [_error_class] => PEAR_Error [_expected_errors] => Array ( ) ) [time_created] => 2014-06-11 17:29:44 [time_updated] => 2014-06-16 16:49:08 [id] => 37612 [sortorder] => [tbl] => image [fields] => [application_path] => /public_web_sites/www.inc.com/reflex/ [core_application_url] => http://www.inc.com/ [error] => Array ( [0] => Problem initializing. 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Poster boy for the American dream? Quite possibly. Born in the Soviet Union, Oleg Firer arrived in Brooklyn, New York, at 12 and grew up in the borough's Brighton Beach neighborhood. He worked hard, avoided delinquents and drugs, and at 17 started his first business, a cell-phone retailer. Barely into his 20s, and without a college degree, Firer was serving as a vice president at a publicly traded communications company. In 2007, at 29, he co-founded Unified Payments. The company now processes $10 billion worth of transactions for 100,000 merchants a year--and it's still growing fast. Now 35, Firer and his family live in Miami. He drives to work in a Bentley. Life, he says, is good. As told to Darren Dahl.

I was born in Ukraine. But my family, who is Jewish, decided to flee the Soviet Union. My dad was a gym teacher there, and my mother worked for a bank. We had a challenging trip that took us through Austria and Italy before we finally got to Brooklyn.

My family didn't have much money when I was growing up. My dad worked as an assistant physical therapist, and my mom worked for a nonprofit. I was always working, taking odd jobs whenever I could. Fortunately, I am a quick learner and have a photographic memory, so I remember things in great detail.

"I always had to prove myselfbecause of my age and because I don't have an Ivy League degree."

I grew up living in small apartments in Brighton Beach and Coney Island, which are rough neighborhoods. Growing up there made me stronger. I always set higher expectations for myself than those around me did. Rather than get into drugs or crime, I focused on working hard and learning.

My first real job was working for The Wiz as a salesperson when I was 16. By the time I was 17, I was the youngest manager the store had. After Cablevision bought the company, I started my own company selling wireless devices. I thought about going to school for business, but I was already making too much money.

The CEO of a large company called SpeedUS recruited me to help with its marketing programs. I worked there for several years and became a vice president and ran my own division. I learned a lot about mergers and acquisitions. But I felt like I had to constantly prove myselfbecause of my age and because I don't have an Ivy League degree.

In 2002, I was looking for a new business opportunity when a friend told me about the payment-processing industry. I thought it looked interesting, because you work with recurring revenue, which means you don't start off with zero dollars every month. A year later, I partnered up with my friend to start a payment-processing company.

When I do something, I want to learn a business inside out. If one link in the chain breaks, I want to know where to step in. That meant I needed to learn the business from the ground up, including sales, underwriting, and risk management. If I do something, I commit to it 100 percent.

About five years later, I got together with a former colleague who worked for a private equity group, and we started the company that is now Unified Payments. I wanted to do something really, really big. We committed significant capital to making strategic acquisitions.

We were looking for distressed equity situationsother payment-processing companies that couldn't service their debt or had grown too fast. We acquired eight businesses. We shut most of them down and rolled their merchants into our existing service. We were in the right place at the right time, and we had the capital to make it happen.

We continued to grow organically through the recession as well. As our society has become more and more cashless, payment processing has become economically agnostic. We make money no matter what the economy is doing.

I got where I am because I wouldn't take no for an answer. I always remember where I came from and that I could end up back there with nothing. A few years ago, my wife, who is a refugee from Moldova, our two daughters, and I moved to Miami. My parents, who still live in Brooklyn, are very proud.

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Poster boy for the American dream? Quite possibly. Born in the Soviet Union, Oleg Firer arrived in Brooklyn, New York, at 12 and grew up in the borough's Brighton Beach neighborhood. He worked hard, avoided delinquents and drugs, and at 17 started his first business, a cell-phone retailer. Barely into his 20s, and without a college degree, Firer was serving as a vice president at a publicly traded communications company. In 2007, at 29, he co-founded Unified Payments. The company now processes $10 billion worth of transactions for 100,000 merchants a year--and it's still growing fast. Now 35, Firer and his family live in Miami. He drives to work in a Bentley. Life, he says, is good. As told to Darren Dahl.

I was born in Ukraine. But my family, who is Jewish, decided to flee the Soviet Union. My dad was a gym teacher there, and my mother worked for a bank. We had a challenging trip that took us through Austria and Italy before we finally got to Brooklyn.

My family didn't have much money when I was growing up. My dad worked as an assistant physical therapist, and my mom worked for a nonprofit. I was always working, taking odd jobs whenever I could. Fortunately, I am a quick learner and have a photographic memory, so I remember things in great detail.

"I always had to prove myselfbecause of my age and because I don't have an Ivy League degree."

I grew up living in small apartments in Brighton Beach and Coney Island, which are rough neighborhoods. Growing up there made me stronger. I always set higher expectations for myself than those around me did. Rather than get into drugs or crime, I focused on working hard and learning.

My first real job was working for The Wiz as a salesperson when I was 16. By the time I was 17, I was the youngest manager the store had. After Cablevision bought the company, I started my own company selling wireless devices. I thought about going to school for business, but I was already making too much money.

The CEO of a large company called SpeedUS recruited me to help with its marketing programs. I worked there for several years and became a vice president and ran my own division. I learned a lot about mergers and acquisitions. But I felt like I had to constantly prove myselfbecause of my age and because I don't have an Ivy League degree.

In 2002, I was looking for a new business opportunity when a friend told me about the payment-processing industry. I thought it looked interesting, because you work with recurring revenue, which means you don't start off with zero dollars every month. A year later, I partnered up with my friend to start a payment-processing company.

When I do something, I want to learn a business inside out. If one link in the chain breaks, I want to know where to step in. That meant I needed to learn the business from the ground up, including sales, underwriting, and risk management. If I do something, I commit to it 100 percent.

About five years later, I got together with a former colleague who worked for a private equity group, and we started the company that is now Unified Payments. I wanted to do something really, really big. We committed significant capital to making strategic acquisitions.

We were looking for distressed equity situationsother payment-processing companies that couldn't service their debt or had grown too fast. We acquired eight businesses. We shut most of them down and rolled their merchants into our existing service. We were in the right place at the right time, and we had the capital to make it happen.

We continued to grow organically through the recession as well. As our society has become more and more cashless, payment processing has become economically agnostic. We make money no matter what the economy is doing.

I got where I am because I wouldn't take no for an answer. I always remember where I came from and that I could end up back there with nothing. A few years ago, my wife, who is a refugee from Moldova, our two daughters, and I moved to Miami. My parents, who still live in Brooklyn, are very proud.

[inc_code_only_text] => [inc_notepad] => SEO: Looks good Captions: BRIGHTON BEACH MEMORY Oleg Firer, miles from where his journey began lap of luxury Firer, at his Miami office. His first job: salesman at The Wiz. Pullquotes: I always had to prove myself--because of my age and because I don't have an Ivy League degree. 2011 revenue $59.5 million oleg firer unified payments Three-year growth 23,646.3% [inc_toolbar_text] => [inc_read_more_override] => [inc_show_read_moreflag] => TRUE [inc_custom_sidebar_head] => [inc_sidebar_adcodeflag] => FALSE [inc_custom_sidebar] => [inc_custom_footer] => [inc_full_width_footerflag] => FALSE [inc_show_pinboardflag] => TRUE [inc_staid] => 8 [inc_premiumflag] => FALSE [inc_newsworthyflag] => FALSE [inc_standoutflag] => FALSE [inc_evergreen_contentflag] => FALSE [inc_homepage_riverflag] => TRUE [inc_comment_alert] => No one [inc_copyeditedflag] => FALSE [inc_activeflag] => TRUE [inc_hide_bucket_imageflag] => FALSE [inc_hide_article_sidebarflag] => FALSE [inc_hide_commentsflag] => FALSE [inc_show_social_linksflag] => TRUE [inc_prtid] => [inc_canonical_url] => [inc_serid] => [inc_registration_requiredflag] => FALSE [inc_use_narrow_navflag] => FALSE [inc_no_cacheflag] => FALSE [inc_eopid] => [inc_tracking_pixel_url] => [inc_custom_adzone] => [inc_imu_style_image_overrideref] => [inc_imu_style_image_override_ab_testref] => [inc_tile_tracking_pixel_url] => [inc_alchemyupdatetime] => 2013-04-26 06:17:33 [owner_admid] => [inc_f1temp] => [inc_alchemyentityxml] => ERROR daily-transaction-limit-exceeded [inc_alchemykeywordxml] => ERROR daily-transaction-limit-exceeded [dbObj] => MDB2_Driver_mysql Object ( [string_quoting] => Array ( [start] => ' [end] => ' [escape] => \ [escape_pattern] => \ ) [identifier_quoting] => Array ( [start] => ` [end] => ` [escape] => ` ) [sql_comments] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [start] => -- [end] => [escape] => ) [1] => Array ( [start] => # [end] => [escape] => ) [2] => Array ( [start] => /* [end] => */ [escape] => ) ) [server_capabilities_checked] => 1 [start_transaction] => 1 [varchar_max_length] => 65532 [db_index] => 1 [dsn] => Array ( [phptype] => mysql [dbsyntax] => mysql [username] => inccom [password] => b4Fjf2jaFLfc [protocol] => tcp [hostspec] => MYDB [port] => [socket] => [database] => [mode] => ) [connected_dsn] => Array ( [phptype] => mysql [dbsyntax] => mysql [username] => inccom [password] => b4Fjf2jaFLfc [protocol] => tcp [hostspec] => MYDB [port] => [socket] => [database] => [mode] => ) [connection] => Resource id #7 [opened_persistent] => [database_name] => sitecontent [connected_database_name] => sitecontent [connected_server_info] => 5.5.38-35.2-log [supported] => Array ( [sequences] => emulated [indexes] => 1 [affected_rows] => 1 [summary_functions] => 1 [order_by_text] => 1 [transactions] => 1 [savepoints] => 1 [current_id] => emulated [limit_queries] => 1 [LOBs] => 1 [replace] => 1 [sub_selects] => 1 [triggers] => 1 [auto_increment] => 1 [primary_key] => 1 [result_introspection] => 1 [prepared_statements] => 1 [identifier_quoting] => 1 [pattern_escaping] => 1 [new_link] => 1 ) [options] => Array ( [ssl] => [field_case] => 0 [disable_query] => [result_class] => MDB2_Result_%s [buffered_result_class] => MDB2_BufferedResult_%s [result_wrap_class] => [result_buffering] => 1 [fetch_class] => stdClass [persistent] => [debug] => 0 [debug_handler] => MDB2_defaultDebugOutput [debug_expanded_output] => [default_text_field_length] => 4096 [lob_buffer_length] => 8192 [log_line_break] => [idxname_format] => %s_idx [seqname_format] => %s_seq [savepoint_format] => MDB2_SAVEPOINT_%s [statement_format] => MDB2_STATEMENT_%1$s_%2$s [seqcol_name] => sequence [quote_identifier] => [use_transactions] => 1 [decimal_places] => 2 [portability] => 127 [modules] => Array ( [ex] => Extended [dt] => Datatype [mg] => Manager [rv] => Reverse [na] => Native [fc] => Function ) [emulate_prepared] => [datatype_map] => Array ( ) [datatype_map_callback] => Array ( ) [nativetype_map_callback] => Array ( ) [lob_allow_url_include] => [bindname_format] => (?:\d+)|(?:[a-zA-Z][a-zA-Z0-9_]*) [max_identifiers_length] => 64 [default_fk_action_onupdate] => RESTRICT [default_fk_action_ondelete] => RESTRICT [DBA_username] => [DBA_password] => [default_table_type] => ) [wildcards] => Array ( [0] => % [1] => _ ) [as_keyword] => AS [warnings] => Array ( ) [debug_output] => [in_transaction] => [nested_transaction_counter] => [has_transaction_error] => [offset] => 0 [limit] => 0 [phptype] => mysql [dbsyntax] => mysql [last_query] => SELECT pho_name FROM photographer WHERE id = 626 [fetchmode] => 1 [modules] => Array ( ) [destructor_registered] => 1 [_debug] => [_default_error_mode] => [_default_error_options] => [_default_error_handler] => [_error_class] => PEAR_Error [_expected_errors] => Array ( ) ) [time_created] => 0000-00-00 00:00:00 [time_updated] => 2013-08-19 17:34:53 [id] => 43545 [sortorder] => [tbl] => article [fields] => [application_path] => /public_web_sites/www.inc.com/reflex/ [core_application_url] => http://www.inc.com/ [error] => Array ( [0] => Problem initializing. A method for "inc_rubric" does not exist. [1] => Problem initializing. A method for "inc_f1_imageref" does not exist. ) [largeformat] => FALSE [baseurl] => http://www.inc.com/ [timestamp] => [homepage_headline] => Meet the CEO of America's Fastest Growing Company [homepage_headline2] => Meet the CEO of America's Fastest Growing Company [homepage_deck] => Here's how a poor immigrant kid from Brooklyn wound up running Unified Payments, No. 1 on the Inc. 500 list this year. [lightfeatureimage] => FALSE [imagelist_primary] => Array ( [19622] => Image Object ( [img_foreignkey] => [img_reference_name] => 78-oleg-firer-no1-pan.jpg [img_caption] => Brighton Beach Memory Oleg Firer, miles from where his journey began. [img_alt_text] => [img_custom_credit] => [img_custom_meta_data] => [img_phoid] => 626 [img_ityid] => 1 [img_bucketref] => 78-oleg-firer-no1-bkt.jpg [img_bucket_dimx] => 800 [img_bucket_dimy] => 800 [img_f1imageref] => [img_panoramicref] => 78-oleg-firer-no1-pan.jpg [img_pan_dimx] => 1725 [img_pan_dimy] => 810 [img_light_imageflag] => FALSE [img_tile_override_imageref] => [img_skyscraperref] => [img_sky_dimx] => [img_sky_dimy] => [img_super_panoramicref] => [img_gallery_imageref] => [img_full_screen_ref] => 78-oleg-firer-no1-pop.jpg [img_custom_cropref] => [img_full_text] => [img_tags] => [img_notes] => [img_gettyflag] => FALSE [dbObj] => MDB2_Driver_mysql Object ( [string_quoting] => Array ( [start] => ' [end] => ' [escape] => \ [escape_pattern] => \ ) [identifier_quoting] => Array ( [start] => ` [end] => ` [escape] => ` ) [sql_comments] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [start] => -- [end] => [escape] => ) [1] => Array ( [start] => # [end] => [escape] => ) [2] => Array ( [start] => /* [end] => */ [escape] => ) ) [server_capabilities_checked] => 1 [start_transaction] => 1 [varchar_max_length] => 65532 [db_index] => 1 [dsn] => Array ( [phptype] => mysql [dbsyntax] => mysql [username] => inccom [password] => b4Fjf2jaFLfc [protocol] => tcp [hostspec] => MYDB [port] => [socket] => [database] => [mode] => ) [connected_dsn] => Array ( [phptype] => mysql [dbsyntax] => mysql [username] => inccom [password] => b4Fjf2jaFLfc [protocol] => tcp [hostspec] => MYDB [port] => [socket] => [database] => [mode] => ) [connection] => Resource id #7 [opened_persistent] => [database_name] => sitecontent [connected_database_name] => sitecontent [connected_server_info] => 5.5.38-35.2-log [supported] => Array ( [sequences] => emulated [indexes] => 1 [affected_rows] => 1 [summary_functions] => 1 [order_by_text] => 1 [transactions] => 1 [savepoints] => 1 [current_id] => emulated [limit_queries] => 1 [LOBs] => 1 [replace] => 1 [sub_selects] => 1 [triggers] => 1 [auto_increment] => 1 [primary_key] => 1 [result_introspection] => 1 [prepared_statements] => 1 [identifier_quoting] => 1 [pattern_escaping] => 1 [new_link] => 1 ) [options] => Array ( [ssl] => [field_case] => 0 [disable_query] => [result_class] => MDB2_Result_%s [buffered_result_class] => MDB2_BufferedResult_%s [result_wrap_class] => [result_buffering] => 1 [fetch_class] => stdClass [persistent] => [debug] => 0 [debug_handler] => MDB2_defaultDebugOutput [debug_expanded_output] => [default_text_field_length] => 4096 [lob_buffer_length] => 8192 [log_line_break] => [idxname_format] => %s_idx [seqname_format] => %s_seq [savepoint_format] => MDB2_SAVEPOINT_%s [statement_format] => MDB2_STATEMENT_%1$s_%2$s [seqcol_name] => sequence [quote_identifier] => [use_transactions] => 1 [decimal_places] => 2 [portability] => 127 [modules] => Array ( [ex] => Extended [dt] => Datatype [mg] => Manager [rv] => Reverse [na] => Native [fc] => Function ) [emulate_prepared] => [datatype_map] => Array ( ) [datatype_map_callback] => Array ( ) [nativetype_map_callback] => Array ( ) [lob_allow_url_include] => [bindname_format] => (?:\d+)|(?:[a-zA-Z][a-zA-Z0-9_]*) [max_identifiers_length] => 64 [default_fk_action_onupdate] => RESTRICT [default_fk_action_ondelete] => RESTRICT [DBA_username] => [DBA_password] => [default_table_type] => ) [wildcards] => Array ( [0] => % [1] => _ ) [as_keyword] => AS [warnings] => Array ( ) [debug_output] => [in_transaction] => [nested_transaction_counter] => [has_transaction_error] => [offset] => 0 [limit] => 0 [phptype] => mysql [dbsyntax] => mysql [last_query] => SELECT pho_name FROM photographer WHERE id = 626 [fetchmode] => 1 [modules] => Array ( ) [destructor_registered] => 1 [_debug] => [_default_error_mode] => [_default_error_options] => [_default_error_handler] => [_error_class] => PEAR_Error [_expected_errors] => Array ( ) ) [time_created] => 2012-08-14 12:35:31 [time_updated] => 2013-08-23 16:11:23 [id] => 19622 [sortorder] => [tbl] => image [fields] => [application_path] => /public_web_sites/www.inc.com/reflex/ [core_application_url] => http://www.inc.com/ [error] => Array ( [0] => Problem initializing. A method for "incid" does not exist. [1] => Problem initializing. A method for "imgid" does not exist. ) [sort] => [img_phoid_nameref] => Jeffery Salter ) [19623] => Image Object ( [img_foreignkey] => [img_reference_name] => __DO NOT USE__78-oleg-firer-luxury-bkt.jpg [img_caption] => Lap of Luxury Firer, at his Miami office. His first job: salesman at The Wiz. [img_alt_text] => [img_custom_credit] => [img_custom_meta_data] => [img_phoid] => [img_ityid] => 1 [img_bucketref] => 78-oleg-firer-luxury-bkt.jpg [img_bucket_dimx] => 336 [img_bucket_dimy] => 336 [img_f1imageref] => [img_panoramicref] => [img_pan_dimx] => [img_pan_dimy] => [img_light_imageflag] => FALSE [img_tile_override_imageref] => [img_skyscraperref] => [img_sky_dimx] => [img_sky_dimy] => [img_super_panoramicref] => [img_gallery_imageref] => [img_full_screen_ref] => 78-oleg-firer-luxury-pop.jpg [img_custom_cropref] => [img_full_text] => [img_tags] => [img_notes] => [img_gettyflag] => FALSE [dbObj] => MDB2_Driver_mysql Object ( [string_quoting] => Array ( [start] => ' [end] => ' [escape] => \ [escape_pattern] => \ ) [identifier_quoting] => Array ( [start] => ` [end] => ` [escape] => ` ) [sql_comments] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [start] => -- [end] => [escape] => ) [1] => Array ( [start] => # [end] => [escape] => ) [2] => Array ( [start] => /* [end] => */ [escape] => ) ) [server_capabilities_checked] => 1 [start_transaction] => 1 [varchar_max_length] => 65532 [db_index] => 1 [dsn] => Array ( [phptype] => mysql [dbsyntax] => mysql [username] => inccom [password] => b4Fjf2jaFLfc [protocol] => tcp [hostspec] => MYDB [port] => [socket] => [database] => [mode] => ) [connected_dsn] => Array ( [phptype] => mysql [dbsyntax] => mysql [username] => inccom [password] => b4Fjf2jaFLfc [protocol] => tcp [hostspec] => MYDB [port] => [socket] => [database] => [mode] => ) [connection] => Resource id #7 [opened_persistent] => [database_name] => sitecontent [connected_database_name] => sitecontent [connected_server_info] => 5.5.38-35.2-log [supported] => Array ( [sequences] => emulated [indexes] => 1 [affected_rows] => 1 [summary_functions] => 1 [order_by_text] => 1 [transactions] => 1 [savepoints] => 1 [current_id] => emulated [limit_queries] => 1 [LOBs] => 1 [replace] => 1 [sub_selects] => 1 [triggers] => 1 [auto_increment] => 1 [primary_key] => 1 [result_introspection] => 1 [prepared_statements] => 1 [identifier_quoting] => 1 [pattern_escaping] => 1 [new_link] => 1 ) [options] => Array ( [ssl] => [field_case] => 0 [disable_query] => [result_class] => MDB2_Result_%s [buffered_result_class] => MDB2_BufferedResult_%s [result_wrap_class] => [result_buffering] => 1 [fetch_class] => stdClass [persistent] => [debug] => 0 [debug_handler] => MDB2_defaultDebugOutput [debug_expanded_output] => [default_text_field_length] => 4096 [lob_buffer_length] => 8192 [log_line_break] => [idxname_format] => %s_idx [seqname_format] => %s_seq [savepoint_format] => MDB2_SAVEPOINT_%s [statement_format] => MDB2_STATEMENT_%1$s_%2$s [seqcol_name] => sequence [quote_identifier] => [use_transactions] => 1 [decimal_places] => 2 [portability] => 127 [modules] => Array ( [ex] => Extended [dt] => Datatype [mg] => Manager [rv] => Reverse [na] => Native [fc] => Function ) [emulate_prepared] => [datatype_map] => Array ( ) [datatype_map_callback] => Array ( ) [nativetype_map_callback] => Array ( ) [lob_allow_url_include] => [bindname_format] => (?:\d+)|(?:[a-zA-Z][a-zA-Z0-9_]*) [max_identifiers_length] => 64 [default_fk_action_onupdate] => RESTRICT [default_fk_action_ondelete] => RESTRICT [DBA_username] => [DBA_password] => [default_table_type] => ) [wildcards] => Array ( [0] => % [1] => _ ) [as_keyword] => AS [warnings] => Array ( ) [debug_output] => [in_transaction] => [nested_transaction_counter] => [has_transaction_error] => [offset] => 0 [limit] => 0 [phptype] => mysql [dbsyntax] => mysql [last_query] => SELECT pho_name FROM photographer WHERE id = 626 [fetchmode] => 1 [modules] => Array ( ) [destructor_registered] => 1 [_debug] => [_default_error_mode] => [_default_error_options] => [_default_error_handler] => [_error_class] => PEAR_Error [_expected_errors] => Array ( ) ) [time_created] => 2012-08-14 12:36:36 [time_updated] => 2013-08-23 16:32:11 [id] => 19623 [sortorder] => [tbl] => image [fields] => [application_path] => /public_web_sites/www.inc.com/reflex/ [core_application_url] => http://www.inc.com/ [error] => Array ( [0] => Problem initializing. A method for "incid" does not exist. [1] => Problem initializing. A method for "imgid" does not exist. ) [sort] => ) ) [featureimage] => http://www.inc.com/uploaded_files/image/970x450/78-oleg-firer-no1-pan_19622.jpg [featureimageX2] => http://www.inc.com/uploaded_files/image/1940x900/78-oleg-firer-no1-pan_19622.jpg [smallfeatureimage] => http://www.inc.com/uploaded_files/image/640x290/78-oleg-firer-no1-pan_19622.jpg [featureimageObj] => Image Object ( [img_foreignkey] => [img_reference_name] => 78-oleg-firer-no1-pan.jpg [img_caption] => Brighton Beach Memory Oleg Firer, miles from where his journey began. 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Asaf Darash pours himself a glass of water and gestures over to a ream of papers neatly stacked under his computer monitor on his desk. The stack clearly makes him uneasy. We're sitting in his 10th-floor office in the Phelan Building, a San Francisco landmark built at the turn of the century by James D. Phelan, an American industrialist and senator, who also happened to be the son of an Irish immigrant. 

"I came to Silicon Valley to start this company," Darash says. "We love it here. The people and opportunities here--the ideas! It's mind-boggling."

He pauses, eyeing the stack of papers before continuing: "It's...oh, I don't know." 

Darash's enthusiasm fades into a weary sort of nostalgia. At the end of this month, he'll be forced to leave this country and return to Israel because Washington--specifically, U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services--has denied his application for an H1-B visa. Despite the facts that his software company, Regpack, is growing fast, has hired 19 Americans, and has raised $1.5 million in financing, the stack of paper sitting on his desk is a daily visual reminder that, on some level, none of that matters to the United States government. 

Darash was born in Jerusalem (he holds citizenship in Israel) and grew up, in part, in Australia, where he learned to speak English fluently. He was always a standout student. He holds a Ph.D. in computer networks and computer language from Hebrew University in Jerusalem. In 2007, he was awarded a Fulbright scholarship, and he spent three years researching his thesis at the University of California, Berkeley. He and his wife ultimately decided to make their home in the Bay Area.

In 2010, upon finishing his doctoral thesis, Darash founded Regpack, a registration and data-gathering business whose core software was based on a theoretical framework he had built during his research at Berkeley. Essentially, Regpack's software assembles input data cheaper and more efficiently for small and medium-size businesses.

Two years since the company launched, the start-up is now hitting its first inflection point.

Regpack is adding about 30 new clients each week, and, at the pace it's growing, Darash predicts his staff will reach 100 people within a year. Or, could. There's just one huge hurdle Darash must overcome: his immigration status. Because of a simple paperwork error on his H1-B visa application, Darash must leave the country--and leave his company behind--by the end of October.

Washington: Consider this is your wake-up call. Immigration reform must happen now.

This is not just the fate of one man--or the fate of one company, with its scores of clients, its $1.5 million investment, and the 19 American employees. Darash's tale is more common than you might think.

In 2011, U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services updated H1-B guidelines that would allow entrepreneurs and business owners on H1-B visas to work for their own company. However, the rule comes with a caveat: A company must be structured so the company's board could fire the founder, just like any other employee. Essentially, this would prevent unscrupulous immigrants from setting up illegitimate, or unprofitable, businesses as a means to justify their residencies. 

Darash did everything by the book: In January 2012, he hired a lawyer, incorporated the business, and allocated the necessary stock to himself and to his board so that his board could technically fire him. He was confident he'd be approved for his H1-B visa.

Darash and his lawyers submitted the paperwork for his H1-B visa on April 27. However, the official documents to allocate company stock and elect the board members were signed by the board on May 3--a discrepancy that immigration officials say disqualifies Darash. Their argument--if you can call it that--is that at the time Darash submitted his paperwork, he was simply the owner of the business with no board, and according to U.S. Immigration policy, that disqualifies his request for an H1-B visa. 

"Basically, I need to leave the country at the end of the month," Darash says. "No matter what. I need to leave the country at the end of the month, and this is coming at a stage exactly when the company is growing."

Darash says the company is beginning to market to new clients, so his presence in the business--to physically be in the San Francisco office--is crucial. Darash believes that working remotely will seriously compromise his ability to scale the business and hire new employees. 

"You can cause a company to collapse very quickly because of a bureaucratic error," he says. "They're not looking at a whole holistic situation and looking at who will be affected."

Last week, a study published by the Kauffman Foundation using census data from the past 50 years, revealed some eye-opening statistics about the number of immigrant-led companies in America. According to the study, authored by Vivek Wadhwa, an Indian-American entrepreneur and academic, who is currently vice president of academics and innovation at Singularity University, the proportion of immigrant-founded companies across the country has fallen nearly 4% in the past seven years. In Silicon Valley, the drop was even more precipitous--the percentage of immigrant-founded start-ups declined from 52.4% to 43.9%--a 16% change.

Recently, Wadhwa, who wrote The Immigrant Exodus: Why America Is Losing the Global Race to Capture Entrepreneurial Talent, was asked to explain the drop. 

"Well, the No. 1 reason is because we won't give the foreign people who are already here visas to start companies," he said. "My research has also documented that there were one million skilled immigrants waiting for green cards, for permanent resident visas. And we had predicted, if we don't fix the immigration system, they'd start leaving. Now, this is in 2007, when we had published that research. Well, guess what? They're leaving."

Dane Stangler, a director at the Kauffman Foundation, says that attempts by Congress to pass immigration reform--including the Start-up Visa Act--are essential for welcoming immigrant entrepreneurs. But there's more that can be done, now, he argues.

"There's evidence that there's just a presumption that [U.S. Immigration] is going to give higher scrutiny to start-ups," he says. "If there was some way, just some way, to remove that stigma against start-ups," entrepreneurs would have an easier time.

Darash's experience with U.S. Immigration may not necessarily be the result of a single policy or rule. But his impending deportation speaks to a greater issue of founder-visa reform. 

"The problem is that there is no good visa for founders," Darash says. "It's not a technical problem; it's that I have to structure my company in a certain way that doesn't make sense for the company. In the beginning of a start-up, the founder is the owner. And in the early stages, it's hard to prove that you can be fired."

Dr. Marcia Drew Hohn, director of the Public Education Institute at the Immigrant Learning Center, which is based in Malden, Massachusetts, sympathizes. She says Darash is not the only one who faces this kind of predicament--and that it often ends in a founder moving away from the United States permanently.

Hohn wrote a January 2012 report titled "Immigrant Entrepreneurs Creating Jobs and Strengthening the Economy," in which she argued that in order for immigrants to thrive as entrepreneurs, Washington must make some substantive changes to the different types of visas offered to immigrant founders.

"The fact that [Darash] couldn't just go in to correct it--that's a big problem," she says. "He's now set back. So streamlining the bureaucratic process is important, but it's not just that. We need more visa categories that real people fit into--more categories that are more open."

Darash's lawyer initially advised him that he could qualify for an "exceptional person" visa on the basis of his Ph.D. and professional background. But Darash chose to apply through his company, because he felt that was the ethical thing to do. In retrospect, had he taken his case for his visa situation outside of the company, he could have been granted approval. But by applying through his company, he has been denied.

When Darash's lawyer told him his application had been rejected, Darash's first reaction was to simply pick up the phone and call Immigration, a division of the United States Department of Homeland Security, to explain the error. But it wasn't that easy.

"You can't talk to anybody," he says. "I even asked my lawyer, 'Can you just talk to someone?' To tell them, to explain. [My lawyer] just laughed. He said, 'You can't talk to anyone in Immigration. What are you talking about? You can't e-mail them.'"

The outlook is not good. At the end of the month--barring any sort of intervention--Darash will be forced to leave the country and work remotely from his office in Israel. With him, he'll take his wife and two young children--a 19-month-old and an 8-year-old.

Darash's lawyers presented him with two options. He could file a motion to essentially re-review his application, or he could file an official appeal, which would take 13 to 18 months. Neither is a good option. A motion will likely be tossed out, and an appeal, well, is simply slow.

Darash is feverishly looking for someone to take over some of his day-to-day responsibilities in San Francisco. He also plans to relocate some of his engineers to Regpack's Israeli office, but he recognizes that's not a sustainable approach to the company's future of growth in the United States.

Amid the company's turmoil, the future is uncertain.

"By that time, a year and a half in start-up time is eternity," he says. "Regpack is not going to go away. We have real technology. The only question is where it will be."

[inc_code_only_text] => [inc_notepad] => PW CUT (Not opposed to adding elsewhere, but I moved up the section and it seemed cumbersome) (investors) who happen to be Hungarian. Beyond the pressure this has put on his life as a CEO, the stress in his family life has been even worse. "How do I tell my son that we're taking him away from all his friends?" Darash says. "And when he asks us 'why,' what are we going to tell him?" 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A method for "incid" does not exist. [1] => Problem initializing. A method for "imgid" does not exist. ) [sort] => ) ) ) Article Object ( [inc_foreignid] => [inc_title] => The Most Entrepreneurial Group in America Wasn't Born in America [inc_headline_prefix] => [inc_headline] => The Most Entrepreneurial Group in America Wasn't Born in America [inc_homepage_headline] => The Most Entrepreneurial Group in America Wasn't Born in America [inc_homepage_headline_ab_test] => [inc_lander_headline] => [inc_sharing_headline] => [inc_twitter_headline] => Why the U.S. needs immigrant entrepreneurs @AdamBluestein [inc_column_name_override] => [inc_reference_name] => [inc_custom_byline] => [inc_typid] => 1 [inc_autid] => [inc_deck] => Immigrants now launch more than a quarter of U.S. businesses. All entrepreneurs should welcome reform that would make it easier for this class of strivers to stay--and succeed. [inc_homepage_deck] => Immigrants now launch more than a quarter of U.S. businesses. All entrepreneurs should welcome reform that would make it easier for this class of strivers to stay--and succeed. [inc_lander_deck] => [inc_sharing_deck] => [inc_image_caption_override] => [inc_show_feature_imageflag] => TRUE [inc_pubdate] => 2015-01-12 17:55:16 [inc_promo_date] => 2015-01-12 17:55:00 [inc_custom_pubdate] => From the February 2015 issue of Inc. magazine [inc_meta_keywords] => [inc_custom_additional_description] => [inc_filelocation] => magazine/201502/adam-bluestein/the-most-entrepreneurial-group-in-america-wasnt-born-in-america.html [inc_override_url] => [inc_custom_header] => [inc_custom_css] => [inc_custom_javascript] => [inc_display_videos_as_playlistflag] => FALSE [inc_autoplay_videoflag] => TRUE [inc_display_video_at_bottomflag] => FALSE [inc_hide_video_prerollflag] => FALSE [inc_clean_text] =>

Derek Cha arrived in America as a 12-year-old with his parents and three siblings. They came for familiar reasons: "In 1977, South Korea was a poor country," Cha says. "My parents were looking for better opportunities and education for us." After the family settled in California, his mother worked as a seamstress; his father had jobs as a dishwasher and janitor. Cha delivered newspapers, helped his father with cleaning work after school, and got his first job at McDonald's at age 16.

Today, at 49, Cha is the owner of the 350-store chain of SweetFrog frozen-yogurt shops, which has more than $34 million in annual revenue. He employs about 800 part- and full-time workers in the 70-some locations he operates himself. (Like all the companies featured in this story, SweetFrog made the 2014 Inc. 500 list of America's fastest-growing companies.) Cha founded the Richmond, Virginia-based business in 2009, as the U.S. was slowly emerging from deep recession.

Risky? Yes. But increasingly, it is immigrant entrepreneurs like Cha who are most willing to take the risk of starting a business--and without the growth of immigrant-owned businesses like Cha's, the recession would have been much worse. From 1996 to 2011, the business startup rate of immigrants increased by more than 50 percent, while the native-born startup rate declined by 10 percent, to a 30-year low. Immigrants today are more than twice as likely to start a business as native-born citizens.

Despite accounting for only about 13 percent of the population, immigrants now start more than a quarter of new businesses in this country. Fast-growing ones, too--more than 20 percent of the 2014 Inc. 500 CEOs are immigrants. Immigrant-owned businesses pay an estimated $126 billion in wages per year, employing 1 in 10 Americans who work for private companies. In 2010, immigrant-owned businesses generated more than $775 billion in sales. If immigrant America were a stock, you'd be an idiot not to buy it.

Yet U.S. immigration policy has largely ignored the contribution of immigrant-launched businesses. Despite the bipartisan popularity of business-friendly proposals, including increasing the cap on H-1B work visas for skilled workers and creating a visa category for venture-backed entrepreneurs, the public debate frequently devolves into shouting matches over whether people should be deported and how quickly.

Even the biggest breakthrough in immigration policy in years--President Obama's announcement in November that he would take executive action--glossed over the role of immigrants as the nation's leading risk takers and job creators. Obama spoke of a "dynamic and entrepreneurial" economy, but left vague exactly what his action will do to help entrepreneurial immigrants prosper.

This omission no doubt reflects the limitations of what Obama can accomplish without congressional cooperation. And, of course, any changes he makes aren't necessarily permanent. They could be overturned by a new president in 2017--and Senator Ted Cruz of Texas and others have vowed to block provisions of the executive action from being implemented.

Driven by the politics of short election cycles, the U.S. is missing the larger economic cycle of immigration. Meanwhile, Canada has been advertising its new startup visa with a billboard on California's Highway 101, where every foreign-born engineer in Silicon Valley can see it: "H-1B Problems? Pivot to Canada." America has set up a legal thicket of "Keep Out" signs--which is both tragic and suicidal.

Immigrant founders started 52 percent of all new Silicon Valley companies between 1995 and 2005.

We should support immigration reform, and not only because it's in keeping with the American character of attracting world-class talent. As entrepreneurs know better than anyone, the American economy needs the dynamism and creativity of go-getters like Derek Cha. With the debate continuing to roil Washington, Inc. offers this modest prescription for immigration policies that preserve our national brand as the land of opportunity--and prosperity--for all.

Attract and retain more high-skilled immigrants

Michael Chertok and Adi Pinhas, co-founders of Superfish, a maker of cutting-edge visual search technology, started their company in a suburb of Tel Aviv with seed money from Israeli investors. But they came to the U.S. in 2008 to raise their first round of venture funding. "Back then, no one in Israel thought you could do a consumer tech company there," says Pinhas. "VCs in Silicon Valley got the technology, and were willing to wait for it to develop." Superfish--now headquartered in Palo Alto, California--has raised nearly $20 million in total funding and had revenue of $35 million in 2013. It employs 25 workers in the U.S. and an additional 60 in Israel.

"Being based in Palo Alto is huge," Pinhas says. "There is no need to convince anyone to do business with you. Even if you think you're visiting frequently and you read TechCrunch three times a day, it's not the same as being here working with your American team. The culture is different."

As much as high-tech entrepreneurs like Pinhas and Chertok need Silicon Valley, it needs them too. Indeed, without immigrants, there would be no Silicon Valley as we know it. In the '80s and '90s, the area attracted more foreign-born scientists and engineers than any other part of the country; by 2000, 53 percent of the Valley's science and engineering work force was foreign-born. Immigrant founders started 52 percent of new Silicon Valley companies between 1995 and 2005. And in 2012, immigrant-founded engineering and technology companies in the U.S.--heavily clustered in California--employed 560,000 workers and generated $63 billion in sales.

But a 2012 study underwritten by the Kauffman Foundation concluded that "immigrant-founded companies' dynamic period of expansion has come to an end." In Silicon Valley, the percentage of immigrant-founded companies has declined by 8.5 percent since 2005, the first such drop in recent history. Many attribute the decline to U.S. immigration policy. "It is getting increasingly difficult to hire high-tech talent here in the U.S., and increasingly easy abroad," says Emily Lam, of the Silicon Valley Leadership Group, an advocacy organization. "Companies are in a global competition for talent, and other countries are rolling out the red carpet for them while we are rolling out the red tape. The U.S. and Silicon Valley are still the places to be, but if Congress doesn't act soon, that won't last for very long."

Surprisingly, there is overwhelming agreement about what the United States needs to do to turn things around. First, we need to make more H-1B "specialty occupation" visas available. A consistent shortage of these temporary work visas prevents U.S. tech companies from hiring the foreign-born scientific and engineering workers they need. The current annual cap for H-1B visas is set at 65,000, with an additional 20,000 reserved for foreign nationals graduating with a U.S. master's degree or higher. In 2014, there were 172,500 applications for H-1Bs, blowing past the quota within days of the first application-filing date.

If Congress had enacted the immigration reform bill that the Senate passed in 2013--or other bills that had made progress in the House--that would have raised the annual H-1B cap to 115,000 right away (and up to 180,000 over time). Obama couldn't raise the H-1B cap with his executive action; Congress has to do that. But he did expand and extend a program that allows foreign graduates with scientific and technical degrees from American universities to work in on-the-job training programs at U.S. companies. "This will be very beneficial to high-tech employers, who depend on foreign graduates," says Matthew Kolodziej, an immigration attorney in the New York City offices of Ogletree Deakins and a former legislative fellow at the nonprofit American Immigration Council.

More visas alone aren't the answer, though. An H-1B allows the holder to work in the U.S. for only up to six years--after that, he or she must leave or obtain a different kind of visa. "The real problem isn't H-1Bs--it's green cards," says serial entrepreneur Vivek Wadhwa, a Stanford Law School fellow and author of The Immigrant Exodus. "There are backlogs of tens of thousands of people in line who would start companies, but they're waiting for green cards." Unlike H-1B visas, green cards confer permanent resident status. Under the current system, high-skilled workers who have applied for green cards can wait decades for them to become available. The president's executive action would make changes that allow such workers to move and change jobs more easily while they are waiting.

The U.S. currently has a 140,000 annual quota on employment-based green cards. There are quotas for different skill categories, as well as per-country limits, which can push would-be immigrants from countries like India and China--who make up the majority of Silicon Valley's immigrant work force--onto decades-long waiting lists. The U.S. should drop the country limits and add 85,000 more employment-based green cards, as was proposed in a House bill.

Landing a green card usually requires a sponsoring employer; as the founder of a startup, you can't sponsor yourself. A proposed EB-6 "startup visa"--a component of the bill that passed in the Senate but stalled in the House--would offer a path to permanent citizenship tailored to entrepreneurs, allocating up to 10,000 visas annually to foreign-born founders whose companies raise at least $500,000 from qualified investors and create at least five full-time U.S. jobs. We should enact such a program--yesterday. The Kauffman Foundation estimates this startup visa would create as many as 1.6 million jobs in 10 years. Canada, the U.K., New Zealand, Ireland, and Singapore have already implemented similar visas.

In lieu of permanent legislation to codify the startup visa, Obama's executive action offered a sort of secret pathway for startup founders "who meet certain criteria for creating jobs, attracting investment, and generating revenue in the U.S." Few details were available at presstime, but the policy is a step in the right direction, say those briefed on it. "If entrepreneurs can show they contribute to job creation, the changes could allow them to enter the U.S. or make their entry legal retroactively by granting them 'parole' status," says Kolodziej, the immigration attorney. At presstime, it wasn't clear how long parole status would be granted, or what type of visa parolees could get after that time, but, says Kolodziej, "this is a very positive change, because current programs for entrepreneurs are based on treaties, and if the individuals do not come from a treaty country, their options are very limited."

By merits of Superfish's funding and job creation, Pinhas would clearly meet the requirements for a proposed startup visa. That would let him put down roots. Because his company had been operating for more than a year in Israel and doing business in the U.S., Pinhas was able to come here in 2013 on a nonimmigrant L-1 visa, which allows executives of established foreign companies to set up or work for a U.S. office. The three-year visa is renewable, but since approval isn't guaranteed, Pinhas says he is "planning accordingly." He and his wife are happy with the school their two sons attend, but, he says, "I wouldn't buy a house here yet--we might need to leave in a year."

Clear a path for less-skilled workers, too

Although highly educated founders of tech companies get a lot of attention, they're just one part of the story of immigrant entrepreneurship in America.

Currently, only a small fraction of immigrants have advanced degrees. And that's OK, because even without the benefit of a college education, immigrants tend to be far more entrepreneurial than native Americans. Only about a third of immigrant business owners have taken at least some college classes, versus 54 percent of native-born owners. And more than 37 percent of immigrant business owners haven't even finished high school, compared with 16 percent of native-born owners.

But despite the benefits of allowing more immigrants of all skill levels to live and work here legally, U.S. immigration policy makes it very difficult for them to do so. There are only about 5,000 employment-based green cards available each year for unskilled immigrant workers without professional degrees. And existing H-2A and H-2B visas for seasonal low-skilled workers are unpopular with employers because of complicated paperwork, and designed for temporary workers, rather than the longer-term workers increasingly needed in many parts of the economy. The U.S. should listen to the conservative American Enterprise Institute, whose 2013 study "Filling the Gap" argues in favor of the U.S. allowing more "low-skilled" immigrants to come here legally.

The arguments against low-skilled immigrants are familiar: They take American jobs, gobble up government handouts, and wreck communities. But research by the AEI, the Partnership for a New Economy, and others shows that the majority of low-skilled immigrants are a lot more like Derek Cha's family--working hard at jobs that Americans often don't want, and starting businesses without the benefit of lots of formal education. And many who have launched companies in the U.S. know the value of immigrants, both as founders and as employees.

Cha went to college for a year and a half before leaving to focus full time on running an art framing business with his father. "My father had always been in business in Korea, but he didn't speak English," Cha says. "But working 14-hour days, 7 days a week, we did well right off the bat." Their company expanded to more than 80 locations in multiple states, until the recession put them out of business after 20 years.

The sorts of jobs that Cha's father had before starting his own business--dishwashing and building maintenance--are now filled almost entirely by foreign-born workers. While the number of Americans with college degrees has continued to rise, in our service-driven economy, there are still lots of low-skilled jobs available. The dirtiest, most physically demanding, and most dangerous of these jobs--in fields such as construction, landscaping, and building maintenance, for example--are overwhelmingly filled by immigrants, who now account for more than half of all low-skilled workers in the U.S. These are jobs that native-born workers typically don't want.

A 2013 analysis of the Senate's immigration reform bill by the nonpartisan Congressional Budget Office estimates its passage would have resulted in nine million more people entering the U.S. work force in the next 20 years, with new immigrants participating at a higher rate, on average, than other U.S. residents. As a result, unemployment would tick up slightly for several years as labor markets adjusted. But after that, thanks to additional demand for goods and services, employment would be higher than projected under current regulations. Wages for all workers would be 0.1 percent lower, on average, after 10 years--but largely because new immigrants would earn lower average wages than other residents. And after 20 years, average U.S. wages would be 0.5 percent higher.

The broader economic payback is more impressive: Although implementing the legislation would cost $22 billion in the first 10 years--and between $20 billion and $25 billion in the next 10 years--it would reduce federal budget deficits by at least $700 billion in the next 10 to 20 years.

Immigrant businesses are 60 percent more likely to export, a key factor to U.S. economic growth in recent years.

In addition to eliminating country quotas for employment-based visas, the U.S. should clear long backlogs in family-based visa applications, and create a W-visa category for less-skilled employees to work legally for up to three years (with a chance to renew and be sponsored for permanent residence). These are practical steps that would do more to curb illegal immigration than simply increasing border security, says Stuart Anderson, executive director at the nonprofit National Foundation for American Policy. "If we had a legal visa category that let people go back and forth, many wouldn't feel the need to put down roots and instead would work for a time and go back."

Immigrants want to work, says Cha. "I don't believe in handouts from the government," he says. "I'm a conservative at heart. But I believe that newer immigrants from poorer countries are hardworking and not afraid of doing jobs that people here don't want to do. If we can responsibly help them come here, it's a good thing for the country."

Support foreign-born entrepreneurs

Immigrant founders play a vital role as connectors to global markets--both abroad and here in the U.S. Immigrant businesses are 60 percent more likely to export than native-owned companies, and more than 2.5 times as likely to rely on exports for a large part of their sales, according to the Partnership for a New American Economy. Exports are responsible for about half of the country's economic growth in recent years.

Immigrant entrepreneurs are also uniquely qualified to create innovative business models that tap into the "hidden" needs of immigrant consumers in the U.S. Anurag Jain, a native of India and the co-founder of Prepay Nation in Berwyn, Pennsylvania, is a case in point.

By allowing immigrants to send small gifts of cell-phone minutes to relatives back home, Jain's company "solves two problems that most immigrants have," Jain says. "One is that immigrants want to help their families back home, but often they have minimum-wage jobs. And you really can't send money overseas without ridiculous fees." His business model allows immigrants to transfer as little as $2 worth of minutes at a time to family overseas, with no fee to the sender or recipient. (Foreign cellular network operators give Prepay a commission on sales.) Additionally, with Prepay, senders know where the money is going. "People want to take care of relatives' basic needs," Jain says, "but they don't necessarily want to pay for parties and alcohol." The company, founded in 2010, has revenue of more than $110 million.

"Being an immigrant myself obviously helps me understand the issues and the pain most immigrants go through," says Jain, who earned $50 a day when he came to the U.S. in 2001 with his wife, who was studying on a J-1 educational visa. (This type of visa allows spouses to work legally in the U.S.; spouses of H-1B visa holders, though, have been prevented from working, sidelining many educated immigrants who could be contributing to the economy. The president's executive action includes changes that would allow many H-1B spouses to work.)

Although many immigrant entrepreneurs choose to cater to a community they are familiar with, "I think success comes when you try to go out of your comfort zone," Jain says. "A majority of the mentors I got advice from are American citizens. If you're trying to do business, the more kinds of people you know, the better. If you just stick to your own community members, your perspective is going to be more limited."

Jain's mentorships came about accidentally--he rented space for his first business in a shared office where an attorney and another business owner were already working. "The three of us got together every few weeks to talk about problems in our businesses, and that helped a lot," says Jain. "They became good friends and brought me perspective I was missing." Among other things, they helped prevent business-etiquette gaffes. "In India, it's very common to give a favor in exchange for business. They told me that wasn't acceptable here."

Helping immigrant entrepreneurs become as successful as they can be is in the country's best interests. The U.S. should support a formal system of mentorship for immigrant business people. A program like the one proposed in both Senate and House versions of immigration reform bills would be a good start, awarding grants to nonprofits and state and local governments to run immigrant integration programs. The nonprofit group WelcomingAmerica.org is already running similar programs in such cities as St. Louis and Detroit, which are supporting immigrants as a way to spur stagnant local economies.

Legalize the undocumented

Ruby Polanco, the Honduras-born founder of Ruby Makeup Academy, based in Temple City, California, came to America like hundreds of thousands of other immigrants--she was brought here as a child. "The transition from Honduras was very scary," says Polanco, who was just 12 years old when she arrived in the U.S. almost three decades ago. With her mother and two brothers, Polanco lived in Los Angeles, in a 300-square-foot apartment with no kitchen. School, she says, was "very hard on kids who didn't speak English." And the convoluted process of obtaining green cards--particularly challenging for immigrants from Central America--added to the family's sense of insecurity. At 17, Polanco was a pregnant high school dropout, married to a man she'd divorce a year later.

Finally getting her green card, Polanco says, "changed my mentality. In my own crazy mind, I decided I wanted to make myself American, to make this country my country. After many years, I had the right to stay here." Polanco got a job as a cashier at McDonald's and eventually became a manager. After getting her GED, she attended community college, and later got a bachelor's degree in business management.

Since founding a school for makeup artists in 2006, Polanco now has four locations in the Los Angeles area, revenue of more than $2 million, and about 45 employees. Polanco has also become a visible entrepreneurial presence in L.A.'s Hispanic community. "You give a Hispanic woman $5 and she'll turn it into a million," she says, "but not a lot of people are investing money and time on these young women." Polanco hopes she can help other Hispanic women overcome an "illegal" mindset. "Even legal people here think very illegal," she says. "They think they can only do business in their corner."

Whether you call it "amnesty" or a "path to citizenship," doing something about the 11.7 million undocumented migrants who have settled in the U.S., two-thirds of them more than a decade ago, must be part of any serious immigration reform program. For too long, this issue has held back any and all immigration reform, with Republicans refusing to pass any bill that includes provisions for the undocumented, and Democrats refusing to pass any bill that does not. Keeping people like young Ruby Polanco and other ambitious immigrants in a drawn-out state of legal limbo serves no one. The president's executive action essentially kicks the can down the road, offering temporary relief from deportation and work permits for an estimated 3.7 million undocumented parents of U.S. citizens or legal permanent residents, and nearly 1.5 million people who entered the U.S. as children before 2010.

Like the rest of the president's executive action, this deal will expire unless the next president chooses to continue it--or in the unlikely event that the new Congress approves a path to citizenship like the one outlined in the Senate's immigration bill. That bill would have allowed undocumented adults who arrived in the U.S. before a certain date to live and work here legally--but without access to federal benefits like Medicaid, food stamps, or Obamacare health subsidies. After a period of at least 13 years--assuming they paid taxes, passed background checks, and stayed out of legal trouble--they could have qualified for citizenship. Those who were brought to the U.S. as children, like Polanco, would have been able to earn citizenship after five years.

Each year, about 65,000 undocumented students who have lived in the U.S. for five or more years graduate from American high schools. And then their lack of legal status keeps them out of higher education, the work force, and the military. Allowing these young people to live and work here without fear could increase federal revenue by $2.3 billion over 10 years, according to the Congressional Budget Office and the Joint Committee on Taxation.

Stopgap measures, executive actions, and partisan standoffs don't cut it anymore as policy for a country that was literally built by immigrants. The business case for immigration reform is clear and compelling. It's long since time for politicians on both sides of the aisle to look at the facts--and beyond the unfounded fears--about immigration and start enacting pragmatic solutions. "For many years, the U.S. was the best place in the world to go start a company," says Jason Wiens, a policy director at the Kauffman Foundation. "If we don't provide ways for these people to stay here and create companies, we're going to lose out."

[inc_code_only_text] => [inc_notepad] => lead - inc. - february 2015 ruby Polanco, Ruby Makeup academy Polanco came to the U.S. from Honduras when she was a child. Now she runs a fast-growing chain of schools for makeup artists. "You give a Hispanic woman $5 and she'll turn it into a million," Polanco says. The most entrepreneurial group in America wasn't born in America Immigrants now launch more than a quarter of U.S. businesses. All entrepreneurs should welcome reform that would make it easier for this class of strivers to stay--and succeed By Adam Bluestein Photographs by Evan Kafka Derek Cha arrived in America as a 12-year-old with his parents and three siblings. They came for familiar reasons: "In 1977, South Korea was a poor country," Cha says. "My parents were looking for better opportunities and education for us." After the family settled in California, his mother worked as a seamstress; his father had jobs as a dishwasher and janitor. Cha delivered newspapers, helped his father with cleaning work after school, and got his first job at McDonald's at age 16. Today, at 49, Cha is the owner of the 350-store chain of SweetFrog frozen-yogurt shops, which has more than $34 million in annual revenue. He employs about 800 part- and full-time workers in the 70-some locations he operates himself. (Like all the companies featured in this story, SweetFrog made the 2014 Inc. 500 list of America's fastest-growing companies.) Cha founded the Richmond, Virginia–based business in 2009, as the U.S. was slowly emerging from deep recession. Risky? Yes. But increasingly, it is immigrant entrepreneurs like Cha who are most willing to take the risk of starting a business--and without the growth of immigrant-owned businesses like Cha's, the recession would have been much worse. From 1996 to 2011, the business startup rate of immigrants increased by more than 50 percent, while the native-born startup rate declined by 10 percent, to a 30-year low. Immigrants today are more than twice as likely to start a business as native-born citizens. Despite accounting for only about 13 percent of the population, immigrants now start more than a quarter of new businesses in this country. Fast-growing ones, too--more than 20 percent of the 2014 Inc. 500 CEOs are immigrants. Immigrant-owned businesses pay an estimated $126 billion in wages per year, employing 1 in 10 Americans who work for private companies. In 2010, immigrant-owned businesses generated more than $775 billion in sales. If immigrant America were a stock, you'd be an idiot not to buy it. Yet U.S. immigration policy has largely ignored the contribution of immigrant-launched businesses. Despite the bipartisan popularity of business-friendly proposals, including increasing the cap on H-1B work visas for skilled workers and creating a visa category for venture-backed entrepreneurs, the public debate frequently devolves into shouting matches over whether people should be deported and how quickly. Even the biggest breakthrough in immigration policy in years--President Obama's announcement in November that he would take executive action--glossed over the role of immigrants as the nation's leading risk takers and job creators. Obama spoke of a "dynamic and entrepreneurial" economy, but left vague exactly what his action will do to help entrepreneurial immigrants prosper. This omission no doubt reflects the limitations of what Obama can accomplish without congressional cooperation. And, of course, any changes he makes aren't necessarily permanent. They could be overturned by a new president in 2017--and Senator Ted Cruz of Texas and others have vowed to block provisions of the executive action from being implemented. Driven by the politics of short election cycles, the U.S. is missing the larger economic cycle of immigration. Meanwhile, Canada has been advertising its new startup visa with a billboard on California's Highway 101, where every foreign-born engineer in Silicon Valley can see it: "H-1B Problems? Pivot to Canada." America has set up a legal thicket of "Keep Out" signs--which is both tragic and suicidal. We should support immigration reform, and not only because it's in keeping with the American character of attracting world-class talent. As entrepreneurs know better than anyone, the American economy needs the dynamism and creativity of go-getters like Derek Cha. With the debate continuing to roil Washington, Inc. offers this modest prescription for immigration policies that preserve our national brand as the land of opportunity--and prosperity--for all. attract and Retain More High-Skilled Immigrants -- Michael Chertok and Adi Pinhas, co-founders of Superfish, a maker of cutting-edge visual search technology, started their company in a suburb of Tel Aviv with seed money from Israeli investors. But they came to the U.S. in 2008 to raise their first round of venture funding. "Back then, no one in Israel thought you could do a consumer tech company there," says Pinhas. "VCs in Silicon Valley got the technology, and were willing to wait for it to develop." Superfish--now headquartered in Palo Alto, California--has raised nearly $20 million in total funding and had revenue of $35 million in 2013. It employs 25 workers in the U.S. and an additional 60 in Israel. "Being based in Palo Alto is huge," Pinhas says. "There is no need to convince anyone to do business with you. Even if you think you're visiting frequently and you read TechCrunch three times a day, it's not the same as being here working with your American team. The culture is different." As much as high-tech entrepreneurs like Pinhas and Chertok need Silicon Valley, it needs them too. Indeed, without immigrants, there would be no Silicon Valley as we know it. In the '80s and '90s, the area attracted more foreign-born scientists and engineers than any other part of the country; by 2000, 53 percent of the Valley's science and engineering work force was foreign-born. Immigrant founders started 52 percent of new Silicon Valley companies between 1995 and 2005. And in 2012, immigrant-founded engineering and technology companies in the U.S.--heavily clustered in California--employed 560,000 workers and generated $63 billion in sales. But a 2012 study underwritten by the Kauffman Foundation concluded that "immigrant-founded companies' dynamic period of expansion has come to an end." In Silicon Valley, the percentage of immigrant-founded companies has declined by 8.5 percent since 2005, the first such drop in recent history. Many attribute the decline to U.S. immigration policy. "It is getting increasingly difficult to hire high-tech talent here in the U.S., and increasingly easy abroad," says Emily Lam, of the Silicon Valley Leadership Group, an advocacy organization. "Companies are in a global competition for talent, and other countries are rolling out the red carpet for them while we are rolling out the red tape. The U.S. and Silicon Valley are still the places to be, but if Congress doesn't act soon, that won't last for very long." Surprisingly, there is overwhelming agreement about what the United States needs to do to turn things around. First, we need to make more H-1B "specialty occupation" visas available. A consistent shortage of these temporary work visas prevents U.S. tech companies from hiring the foreign-born scientific and engineering workers they need. The current annual cap for H-1B visas is set at 65,000, with an additional 20,000 reserved for foreign nationals graduating with a U.S. master's degree or higher. In 2014, there were 172,500 applications for H-1Bs, blowing past the quota within days of the first application-filing date. If Congress had enacted the immigration reform bill that the Senate passed in 2013--or other bills that had made progress in the House--that would have raised the annual H-1B cap to 115,000 right away (and up to 180,000 over time). Obama couldn't raise the H-1B cap with his executive action; Congress has to do that. But he did expand and extend a program that allows foreign graduates with scientific and technical degrees from American universities to work in on-the-job training programs at U.S. companies. "This will be very beneficial to high-tech employers, who depend on foreign graduates," says Matthew Kolodziej, an immigration attorney in the New York City offices of Ogletree Deakins and a former legislative fellow at the nonprofit American Immigration Council. More visas alone aren't the answer, though. An H-1B allows the holder to work in the U.S. for only up to six years--after that, he or she must leave or obtain a different kind of visa. "The real problem isn't H-1Bs--it's green cards," says serial entrepreneur Vivek Wadhwa, a Stanford Law School fellow and author of The Immigrant Exodus. "There are backlogs of tens of thousands of people in line who would start companies, but they're waiting for green cards." Unlike H-1B visas, green cards confer permanent resident status. Under the current system, high-skilled workers who have applied for green cards can wait decades for them to become available. The president's executive action would make changes that allow such workers to move and change jobs more easily while they are waiting. The U.S. currently has a 140,000 annual quota on employment-based green cards. There are quotas for different skill categories, as well as per-country limits, which can push would-be immigrants from countries like India and China--who make up the majority of Silicon Valley's immigrant work force--onto decades-long waiting lists. The U.S. should drop the country limits and add 85,000 more employment-based green cards, as was proposed in a House bill. Landing a green card usually requires a sponsoring employer; as the founder of a startup, you can't sponsor yourself. A proposed EB-6 "startup visa"--a component of the bill that passed in the Senate but stalled in the House--would offer a path to permanent citizenship tailored to entrepreneurs, allocating up to 10,000 visas annually to foreign-born founders whose companies raise at least $500,000 from qualified investors and create at least five full-time U.S. jobs. We should enact such a program--yesterday. The Kauffman Foundation estimates this startup visa would create as many as 1.6 million jobs in 10 years. Canada, the U.K., New Zealand, Ireland, and Singapore have already implemented similar visas. In lieu of permanent legislation to codify the startup visa, Obama's executive action offered a sort of secret pathway for startup founders "who meet certain criteria for creating jobs, attracting investment, and generating revenue in the U.S." Few details were available at presstime, but the policy is a step in the right direction, say those briefed on it. "If entrepreneurs can show they contribute to job creation, the changes could allow them to enter the U.S. or make their entry legal retroactively by granting them 'parole' status," says Kolodziej, the immigration attorney. At presstime, it wasn't clear how long parole status would be granted, or what type of visa parolees could get after that time, but, says Kolodziej, "this is a very positive change, because current programs for entrepreneurs are based on treaties, and if the individuals do not come from a treaty country, their options are very limited." By merits of Superfish's funding and job creation, Pinhas would clearly meet the requirements for a proposed startup visa. That would let him put down roots. Because his company had been operating for more than a year in Israel and doing business in the U.S., Pinhas was able to come here in 2013 on a nonimmigrant L-1 visa, which allows executives of established foreign companies to set up or work for a U.S. office. The three-year visa is renewable, but since approval isn't guaranteed, Pinhas says he is "planning accordingly." He and his wife are happy with the school their two sons attend, but, he says, "I wouldn't buy a house here yet--we might need to leave in a year." Clear a Path for Less-Skilled Workers, Too -- Although highly educated founders of tech companies get a lot of attention, they're just one part of the story of immigrant entrepreneurship in America. Currently, only a small fraction of immigrants have advanced degrees. And that's OK, because even without the benefit of a college education, immigrants tend to be far more entrepreneurial than native Americans. Only about a third of immigrant business owners have taken at least some college classes, versus 54 percent of native-born owners. And more than 37 percent of immigrant business owners haven't even finished high school, compared with 16 percent of native-born owners. But despite the benefits of allowing more immigrants of all skill levels to live and work here legally, U.S. immigration policy makes it very difficult for them to do so. There are only about 5,000 employment-based green cards available each year for unskilled immigrant workers without professional degrees. And existing H-2A and H-2B visas for seasonal low-skilled workers are unpopular with employers because of complicated paperwork, and designed for temporary workers, rather than the longer-term workers increasingly needed in many parts of the economy. The U.S. should listen to the conservative American Enterprise Institute, whose 2013 study "Filling the Gap" argues in favor of the U.S. allowing more "low-skilled" immigrants to come here legally. The arguments against low-skilled immigrants are familiar: They take American jobs, gobble up government handouts, and wreck communities. But research by the AEI, the Partnership for a New Economy, and others shows that the majority of low-skilled immigrants are a lot more like Derek Cha's family--working hard at jobs that Americans often don't want, and starting businesses without the benefit of lots of formal education. And many who have launched companies in the U.S. know the value of immigrants, both as founders and as employees. Cha went to college for a year and a half before leaving to focus full time on running an art framing business with his father. "My father had always been in business in Korea, but he didn't speak English," Cha says. "But working 14-hour days, 7 days a week, we did well right off the bat." Their company expanded to more than 80 locations in multiple states, until the recession put them out of business after 20 years. The sorts of jobs that Cha's father had before starting his own business--dishwashing and building maintenance--are now filled almost entirely by foreign-born workers. While the number of Americans with college degrees has continued to rise, in our service-driven economy, there are still lots of low-skilled jobs available. The dirtiest, most physically demanding, and most dangerous of these jobs--in fields such as construction, landscaping, and building maintenance, for example--are overwhelmingly filled by immigrants, who now account for more than half of all low-skilled workers in the U.S. These are jobs that native-born workers typically don't want. A 2013 analysis of the Senate's immigration reform bill by the nonpartisan Congressional Budget Office estimates its passage would have resulted in nine million more people entering the U.S. work force in the next 20 years, with new immigrants participating at a higher rate, on average, than other U.S. residents. As a result, unemployment would tick up slightly for several years as labor markets adjusted. But after that, thanks to additional demand for goods and services, employment would be higher than projected under current regulations. Wages for all workers would be 0.1 percent lower, on average, after 10 years--but largely because new immigrants would earn lower average wages than other residents. And after 20 years, average U.S. wages would be 0.5 percent higher. The broader economic payback is more impressive: Although implementing the legislation would cost $22 billion in the first 10 years--and between $20 billion and $25 billion in the next 10 years--it would reduce federal budget deficits by at least $700 billion in the next 10 to 20 years. In addition to eliminating country quotas for employment-based visas, the U.S. should clear long backlogs in family-based visa applications, and create a W-visa category for less-skilled employees to work legally for up to three years (with a chance to renew and be sponsored for permanent residence). These are practical steps that would do more to curb illegal immigration than simply increasing border security, says Stuart Anderson, executive director at the nonprofit National Foundation for American Policy. "If we had a legal visa category that let people go back and forth, many wouldn't feel the need to put down roots and instead would work for a time and go back." Immigrants want to work, says Cha. "I don't believe in handouts from the government," he says. "I'm a conservative at heart. But I believe that newer immigrants from poorer countries are hardworking and not afraid of doing jobs that people here don't want to do. If we can responsibly help them come here, it's a good thing for the country." Support Foreign-Born Entrepreneurs -- Immigrant founders play a vital role as connectors to global markets--both abroad and here in the U.S. Immigrant businesses are 60 percent more likely to export than native-owned companies, and more than 2.5 times as likely to rely on exports for a large part of their sales, according to the Partnership for a New American Economy. Exports are responsible for about half of the country's economic growth in recent years. Immigrant entrepreneurs are also uniquely qualified to create innovative business models that tap into the "hidden" needs of immigrant consumers in the U.S. Anurag Jain, a native of India and the co-founder of Prepay Nation in Berwyn, Pennsylvania, is a case in point. By allowing immigrants to send small gifts of cell-phone minutes to relatives back home, Jain's company "solves two problems that most immigrants have," Jain says. "One is that immigrants want to help their families back home, but often they have minimum-wage jobs. And you really can't send money overseas without ridiculous fees." His business model allows immigrants to transfer as little as $2 worth of minutes at a time to family overseas, with no fee to the sender or recipient. (Foreign cellular network operators give Prepay a commission on sales.) Additionally, with Prepay, senders know where the money is going. "People want to take care of relatives' basic needs," Jain says, "but they don't necessarily want to pay for parties and alcohol." The company, founded in 2010, has revenue of more than $110 million. "Being an immigrant myself obviously helps me understand the issues and the pain most immigrants go through," says Jain, who earned $50 a day when he came to the U.S. in 2001 with his wife, who was studying on a J-1 educational visa. (This type of visa allows spouses to work legally in the U.S.; spouses of H-1B visa holders, though, have been prevented from working, sidelining many educated immigrants who could be contributing to the economy. The president's executive action includes changes that would allow many H-1B spouses to work.) Although many immigrant entrepreneurs choose to cater to a community they are familiar with, "I think success comes when you try to go out of your comfort zone," Jain says. "A majority of the mentors I got advice from are American citizens. If you're trying to do business, the more kinds of people you know, the better. If you just stick to your own community members, your perspective is going to be more limited." Jain's mentorships came about accidentally--he rented space for his first business in a shared office where an attorney and another business owner were already working. "The three of us got together every few weeks to talk about problems in our businesses, and that helped a lot," says Jain. "They became good friends and brought me perspective I was missing." Among other things, they helped prevent business-etiquette gaffes. "In India, it's very common to give a favor in exchange for business. They told me that wasn't acceptable here." Helping immigrant entrepreneurs become as successful as they can be is in the country's best interests. The U.S. should support a formal system of mentorship for immigrant business people. A program like the one proposed in both Senate and House versions of immigration reform bills would be a good start, awarding grants to nonprofits and state and local governments to run immigrant integration programs. The nonprofit group WelcomingAmerica.org is already running similar programs in such cities as St. Louis and Detroit, which are supporting immigrants as a way to spur stagnant local economies. Legalize the Undocumented -- Ruby Polanco, the Honduras-born founder of Ruby Makeup Academy, based in Temple City, California, came to America like hundreds of thousands of other immigrants--she was brought here as a child. "The transition from Honduras was very scary," says Polanco, who was just 12 years old when she arrived in the U.S. almost three decades ago. With her mother and two brothers, Polanco lived in Los Angeles, in a 300-square-foot apartment with no kitchen. School, she says, was "very hard on kids who didn't speak English." And the convoluted process of obtaining green cards--particularly challenging for immigrants from Central America--added to the family's sense of insecurity. At 17, Polanco was a pregnant high school dropout, married to a man she'd divorce a year later. Finally getting her green card, Polanco says, "changed my mentality. In my own crazy mind, I decided I wanted to make myself American, to make this country my country. After many years, I had the right to stay here." Polanco got a job as a cashier at McDonald's and eventually became a manager. After getting her GED, she attended community college, and later got a bachelor's degree in business management. Since founding a school for makeup artists in 2006, Polanco now has four locations in the Los Angeles area, revenue of more than $2 million, and about 45 employees. Polanco has also become a visible entrepreneurial presence in L.A.'s Hispanic community. "You give a Hispanic woman $5 and she'll turn it into a million," she says, "but not a lot of people are investing money and time on these young women." Polanco hopes she can help other Hispanic women overcome an "illegal" mindset. "Even legal people here think very illegal," she says. "They think they can only do business in their corner." Whether you call it "amnesty" or a "path to citizenship," doing something about the 11.7 million undocumented migrants who have settled in the U.S., two-thirds of them more than a decade ago, must be part of any serious immigration reform program. For too long, this issue has held back any and all immigration reform, with Republicans refusing to pass any bill that includes provisions for the undocumented, and Democrats refusing to pass any bill that does not. Keeping people like young Ruby Polanco and other ambitious immigrants in a drawn-out state of legal limbo serves no one. The president's executive action essentially kicks the can down the road, offering temporary relief from deportation and work permits for an estimated 3.7 million undocumented parents of U.S. citizens or legal permanent residents, and nearly 1.5 million people who entered the U.S. as children before 2010. Like the rest of the president's executive action, this deal will expire unless the next president chooses to continue it--or in the unlikely event that the new Congress approves a path to citizenship like the one outlined in the Senate's immigration bill. That bill would have allowed undocumented adults who arrived in the U.S. before a certain date to live and work here legally--but without access to federal benefits like Medicaid, food stamps, or Obamacare health subsidies. After a period of at least 13 years--assuming they paid taxes, passed background checks, and stayed out of legal trouble--they could have qualified for citizenship. Those who were brought to the U.S. as children, like Polanco, would have been able to earn citizenship after five years. Each year, about 65,000 undocumented students who have lived in the U.S. for five or more years graduate from American high schools. And then their lack of legal status keeps them out of higher education, the work force, and the military. Allowing these young people to live and work here without fear could increase federal revenue by $2.3 billion over 10 years, according to the Congressional Budget Office and the Joint Committee on Taxation. Stopgap measures, executive actions, and partisan standoffs don't cut it anymore as policy for a country that was literally built by immigrants. The business case for immigration reform is clear and compelling. It's long since time for politicians on both sides of the aisle to look at the facts--and beyond the unfounded fears--about immigration and start enacting pragmatic solutions. "For many years, the U.S. was the best place in the world to go start a company," says Jason Wiens, a policy director at the Kauffman Foundation. "If we don't provide ways for these people to stay here and create companies, we're going to lose out." adam bluestein is a Burlington, Vermont–based journalist and regular contributor to Inc. He wrote a guide to Obamacare for the December 2013/January 2014 issue. lead Immigrant founders started 52 percent of all new Silicon Valley companies between 1995 and 2005. anurag jain, prepay nation Jain came to the U.S. from India with his wife in 2001. His $110 million company, Prepay Nation, helps immigrants send money back home. "Being an immigrant myself obviously helps me understand the issues and the pain most immigrants go through," he says. lead $775 $126 The Immigrant EffectImmigrants are crucial to the health of the U.S. economy, launching startups at ahigher rate than those who were born here. •••• 40 million Approximate numberof immigrants living in the U.S. 21 2x Immigrants start businesses at twice the rate of native-born citizens. +50% Change in the number of immigrant businesses from 1996 to 2011. -10% Change in the number of native-born businesses startedduring that time. Nearly 12 million of them are undocumented. PERCENT of Inc. 500CEOs--leaders of the fastest-growing private companiesin the United States--were born outside the U.S. BILLION Estimated gross annual salesgenerated byimmigrant-owned businesses. billion Estimated annual wages paid to Americans who work at immigrant-run companies. Anna Grove/getty lead Derek Cha, sweetfrog In 1977, at age 12, Cha arrived from South Korea with his parents. These days, the chain of 350 frozen-yogurt shops he founded has annual revenue of $34 million. "I don't believe in handouts from the government," he says. continued on page 100 • • immigrant entrepreneurscontinued from page 50 Immigrant businesses are 60 percent more likely to export, a key factor to U.S. economic growth in recent years. PRINTED IN THE USA. COPYRIGHT ©2015 BY Mansueto Ventures LLC. All rights reserved. INC. (ISSN 0162-8968) is published monthly, except for combined July/August and December/January issues, by Mansueto Ventures LLC, 7 World Trade Center, New York, NY 10007-2195. Subscription rate for U.S. and Possessions, $19 per year. Address all subscription correspondence to Inc. magazine, P.O. Box 3136, Harlan, IA 51593-0202; 800-234-0999; icmcustserv@cdsfulfillment.com (U.S., Canada, International). Please allow at least six weeks for change of address. 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A method for "incid" does not exist. [1] => Problem initializing. A method for "imgid" does not exist. ) [sort] => ) ) ) Article Object ( [inc_foreignid] => [inc_title] => Penny Pritzker on Immigration and Why Female Entrepreneurs are So Critical [inc_headline_prefix] => [inc_headline] => Penny Pritzker on Immigration: 'It's a Moral Issue' [inc_homepage_headline] => [inc_homepage_headline_ab_test] => [inc_lander_headline] => [inc_sharing_headline] => Penny Pritzker on Immigration: 'It's a Moral Issue' [inc_twitter_headline] => Penny Pritzker on Immigration: 'It's a Moral Issue' [inc_column_name_override] => [inc_reference_name] => [inc_custom_byline] => [inc_typid] => 1 [inc_autid] => [inc_deck] => The Secretary of Commerce broke away from her busy schedule at the Global Entrepreneurship Summit in Morocco to talk about immigration reform, and how businesses can be agents for change. [inc_homepage_deck] => The Secretary of Commerce broke away from her busy schedule at the Global Entrepreneurship Summit in Morocco to talk about immigration reform, and how businesses can be agents for change [inc_lander_deck] => [inc_sharing_deck] => [inc_image_caption_override] => [inc_show_feature_imageflag] => TRUE [inc_pubdate] => 2014-11-20 17:16:32 [inc_promo_date] => 2014-11-20 17:16:34 [inc_custom_pubdate] => [inc_meta_keywords] => Global Entrepreneurship Summit, Global Entrepreneurship Week, Penny Pritzker, Commerce Secretary, Obama, Immigration, Women entrepreneurs, Global entrepreneurs [inc_custom_additional_description] => [inc_filelocation] => jeremy-quittner/conversation-with-penny-pritzker-at-global-entrepreneurship-conference.html [inc_override_url] => [inc_custom_header] => [inc_custom_css] => [inc_custom_javascript] => [inc_display_videos_as_playlistflag] => FALSE [inc_autoplay_videoflag] => TRUE [inc_display_video_at_bottomflag] => FALSE [inc_hide_video_prerollflag] => FALSE [inc_clean_text] =>

It's not often you get to have a conversation with U.S. Secretary of Commerce Penny Pritzker, the Chicagoland billionaire and serial entrepreneur. But Pritzker agreed to carve out some time for me this afternoon.

Whereas the Treasury Secretary tends to get all the glory with really big fiscal events affecting the U.S., it's the Commerce Secretary who's in the trenches, dealing with issues that affect small businesses more directly.

Pritzker, who has held the cabinet position for the past year-and-a-half, was on site in Marrakech, Morocco, where she was attending the Global Entrepreneurship Summit, along with Vice President Joseph Biden. The summit, created by the Obama administration to help foster small business growth worldwide, is in its fifth year.

We spoke about prospects for global business in the year ahead, the importance of women entrepreneurs, and the pending executive order on immigration.

Following is an edited transcript of our conversation.

How are things going at the summit this year?

Penny Pritzker: It is going great and it's a ton of fun. There is nothing more inspirational than meeting entrepreneurs and listening to what they are doing. There's everything from someone in Nigeria making purses and selling them globally on the Web, to someone who has an app for how to do ride sharing in Gaza, to a woman who has a successful coffee business here in Morocco who wants to know how to scale, as well as new technologies and medical devices that are being created here. I did a round table with the vice president, and one with all women entrepreneurs, and the vibe is so up and positive. People are seeking mentors, or trying to understand and how they can get access to capital, and they're doing all sorts of problem-solving.

Technology and how it affects global enterprise is one of the major conference themes. What are the big takeaways?

PP: I am struck by how technology is a part of everyone's business here, whether it is the lady manufacturing the purses and selling them around the world, or someone who has created an app or the person who has created a medical device that depends on technology. The need to use technology is ubiquitous, and the literacy is really impressive. We should not kid ourselves; there is enormous capability globally.

How can global entrepreneurship summits create change in more troubled parts of the world?

PP: I have been sitting in round tables with entrepreneurs from Egypt to Tunisia and Nigeria and Lebanon, and these are people who seem semi-removed from the fact their countries are having turmoil. And it's their optimism and the fact they see there are challenges that their innovation can address that is really exciting. Entrepreneurs can be change agents for the better in these countries, and entrepreneurship can be a job creator, and we are seeing this in action right here.

The importance of women entrepreneurs is another theme of the summit. What have you learned?

PP: Female entrepreneurs are critical to building a stronger economy and a healthier global society. They will spend more of the money they've earn on their families and education, and they are a force for good in society, whether it is in the U.S. or around the world. What I am struck by is issues that I hear women talk to me about throughout my career, and the ones I am hearing women talk about here at this conference are the same. They are: How do I manage my time? How do I get better access to capital?  I need a mentor. Where do I get an education? Or, I can't afford to get an MBA because I need to build my business, so I need access to online education, or quick education. These are the same questions asked around the world.

Immigration reform is the hot topic today. Can you address its importance to entrepreneurs?

PP: Well, let's look at the data--40 percent of Fortune 500 companies were started by immigrants or their children, and immigrants create about 28 percent of new businesses, although they only make up about 13 percent of the population. We know if the Senate bill would pass, it would add $1.4 trillion to our economy over the next 20 years. Immigration reform is needed, it's a moral issue. The president is trying to come up with an accountable way to address this through an executive action, because frankly he has been waiting for Congress to act. Ultimately an executive action is a step in the right direction, but it's not comparable to the way Congress could make comprehensive reform. Our country needs to deal with its broken immigration system. I've met with 1,300 business leaders around the U.S. during my 17 months in the office, and every one them supports immigration reform because of its economic benefits, and because there is a moral side to it.

Given the global economic slowdown, what do you think the prospects are for small businesses in the year ahead, both at home and abroad?

PP: In terms of the greater global economy, this is the reason we are here. We are here trying to grow entrepreneurship, because America leads the world in entrepreneurship, and other countries know they need to be creating an environment that supports small business getting started so they can grow their economies. This conference is a reaffirmation of what we know--innovation and entrepreneurship are really important for global economic growth. It's not just in the U.S.

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Immigrants in the country illegally already are flooding attorneys' offices with calls to see if they can qualify under President Barack Obama's yet-to-be-announced plan to shield as many as 5 million immigrants from deportation.

Obama said he'll reveal the long-awaited order on Thursday. Alex Galvez, an immigration lawyer in Los Angeles, said he's going to need to add phone lines to keep up with the demand. Orange County, California-based immigration lawyer Annaluisa Padilla said she's getting twice as many calls as usual since buzz intensified over the plan, which would also grant the immigrants work permits.

"It's like the golden ticket," she said. "Everybody who is calling my office is asking how can I get a work permit under Obama's program? I am like, there is no Obama program yet."

Obama is expected to take executive action to protect many of the estimated 11 million people in the country illegally from deportation after Congress failed to pass an immigration overhaul. Republicans are vehemently opposed to the president's likely actions, with some conservative members threatening to pursue a government shutdown if he follows through on his promises to act on immigration before the end of the year.

While Obama has yet to reveal the details of his administrative order, immigrant advocates are gearing up to help millions determine if they are eligible to apply and steer them clear of fraudulent consultants and so-called notarios, who have been known to take immigrants' money and promise to deliver even when they don't qualify for benefits.

Immigrant advocacy groups in Southern California are planning workshops to inform community members about the order, including a 12,000-person forum at the Los Angeles Convention Center in mid-December, said Jorge-Mario Cabrera, a spokesman for the Coalition for Humane Immigrant Rights of Los Angeles.

The New Mexico Immigrant Law Center is planning a to start a text messaging system targeting immigrants across the state, especially those in rural areas where legal services might not be easily accessible. Immigrant advocates in Florida are planning the same, and will also start a hotline in English and Spanish to keep community members informed.

In New York, immigration lawyers and nonprofits are preparing to hold clinics to help screen immigrants for the program.

Mayra Gallegos, a 33-year-old mother of two and trained nurse, is pinning her hopes on Obama's plan. She came from Mexico a decade ago to join her husband, who has since gotten a green card. Her younger son was born here, and is an American. But she and her elder son have not been able to get their papers.

"What Obama is going to do, if he does it, would really help me and my son," said Gallegos, who hopes to find a job as a nurse should she receive a work permit. "We're always watching to see if there's any news."

But some advocates warned immigrants not to get their hopes up yet--especially with lawmakers threatening to thwart Obama's plan.

"What I am telling my families to do is be prepared for war. We're going to see a legislative arm do whatever they can to stop the president," said Jessica Dominguez, an immigration attorney in Southern California. "I am not going to let my community be saddened again by words. We need action."

--Associated Press 

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The midterm elections are only days away, and one of the big, lingering issues that many fast growth companies and their supporters still confront is immigration reform.

But chances for comprehensive reform are dwindling, even as new reports of abuses of the H1B system for skilled foreign workers surface. Inaction, policy analysts and business groups suggest, is likely to constrain company growth due to limits on the numbers of qualified workers who can get visas to work for U.S. companies.

"It remains a really hard issue regardless [of whether] the Senate changes hands," says Emily Lam, senior director of federal issues for the Silicon Valley Leadership Group, which supports comprehensive immigration reform. "Key House members will have constituents really upset and trying to vote them out of office for supporting immigration reform."

Where things stand

To recap, immigration reform had seemed on the verge of passing just a few short months ago. In 2013, the Senate, by a substantial majority, approved a bill that would have eased visa caps and created a path to citizenship for many undocumented workers. The House shelved that bill this winter, and since then there's been very little discussion.

Although President Obama is reportedly considering tweaks to the green card granting process through an executive order, which could result in more green cards for qualified workers, observers are unsure whether that would hinder or hurt the larger process.

"It's a big wild card," says Craig Regelbrugge, senior vice president of industry advocacy and research for AmericanHort, a trade group representing the U.S. agricultural and horticultural industry. Agricultural industry lobbyists and lobbyists for the technology industry have often worked together for passage of comprehensive immigration reform. (There are roughly 2 million farm workers in the U.S., and conservative estimates suggest more than half are undocumented, Regelbrugge says.)

A bold presidential order could infuriate House Republicans, Regelbrugge says, or it could spur them to action on their own agenda. Regardless, momentum for immigration reform will have to come from the House after the midterms, since the House handed the Senate a defeat on the issue earlier this year.

"If Republicans pick up [a forecast] eight seats, the fundamental challenge does not change, and its likely the representatives coming in will be more negative on the immigration issue," Regelbrugge says.

High-skilled worker conundrum

Currently the number of H1B visas for skilled foreign workers is capped at around 65,000 annually. About 20,000 additional visas are available for workers getting advanced degrees in U.S. universities. But there is no clear path to citizenship after the H1B, and the yearly lottery for the prized visas is swamped with applicants.

And in a red-hot growth environment for tech startups, the need for highly-skilled employees is paramount.

One such company is ViralHeat, a social media analytics company based in Santa Clara, California. Founded by immigrant entrepreneur Vishal Sankhla three years ago, ViralHeat is rapidly growing, with 35 workers. Sankhla himself struggled for 13 years to get a green card, he says, despite creating numerous high-paying jobs for engineers and others at his company. And he currently struggles to find the workers he needs.

He hired one qualified engineer on a temporary work visa--the employee had just received a masters degree in computer engineering at a U.S. university--but the worker did not get an H1B visa in the lottery, because he was competing with hundreds of thousands of applicants, Sankhla says.

"We will have to start all over again and will need find a replacement in one-and-a-half years," if the worker doesn't get an H1B next year, Sankhla says.

More than anything, though, Sankhla says he wishes the issues of undocumented workers and documented foreign workers were separated, because the political outcry is often aimed against workers who are here legally.

"It makes it harder for the issue of legal workers to be taken care of properly," Sankhla says.

Among the issues that documented workers face, as reported on by the Center for Investigative Reporting, is visa fraud perpetrated by job brokers in the U.S. Such middlemen, who provide staffing to some of the largest U.S. tech firms, often entrap overseas workers seeking H1B permits. These workers, typically from India or other poor Asian countries, usually get jobs at U.S. tech companies for a fraction of the going rate for engineers. And they are slapped with punitive lawsuits, disguised as breaches of contract for upwards of $50,000, if they attempt to change jobs.

"The current system allows this to happen," Sankhla says. "That needs to be changed."

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Poster boy for the American dream? Quite possibly. Born in the Soviet Union, Oleg Firer arrived in Brooklyn, New York, at 12 and grew up in the borough's Brighton Beach neighborhood. He worked hard, avoided delinquents and drugs, and at 17 started his first business, a cell-phone retailer. Barely into his 20s, and without a college degree, Firer was serving as a vice president at a publicly traded communications company. In 2007, at 29, he co-founded Unified Payments. The company now processes $10 billion worth of transactions for 100,000 merchants a year--and it's still growing fast. Now 35, Firer and his family live in Miami. He drives to work in a Bentley. Life, he says, is good. As told to Darren Dahl.

I was born in Ukraine. But my family, who is Jewish, decided to flee the Soviet Union. My dad was a gym teacher there, and my mother worked for a bank. We had a challenging trip that took us through Austria and Italy before we finally got to Brooklyn.

My family didn't have much money when I was growing up. My dad worked as an assistant physical therapist, and my mom worked for a nonprofit. I was always working, taking odd jobs whenever I could. Fortunately, I am a quick learner and have a photographic memory, so I remember things in great detail.

"I always had to prove myselfbecause of my age and because I don't have an Ivy League degree."

I grew up living in small apartments in Brighton Beach and Coney Island, which are rough neighborhoods. Growing up there made me stronger. I always set higher expectations for myself than those around me did. Rather than get into drugs or crime, I focused on working hard and learning.

My first real job was working for The Wiz as a salesperson when I was 16. By the time I was 17, I was the youngest manager the store had. After Cablevision bought the company, I started my own company selling wireless devices. I thought about going to school for business, but I was already making too much money.

The CEO of a large company called SpeedUS recruited me to help with its marketing programs. I worked there for several years and became a vice president and ran my own division. I learned a lot about mergers and acquisitions. But I felt like I had to constantly prove myselfbecause of my age and because I don't have an Ivy League degree.

In 2002, I was looking for a new business opportunity when a friend told me about the payment-processing industry. I thought it looked interesting, because you work with recurring revenue, which means you don't start off with zero dollars every month. A year later, I partnered up with my friend to start a payment-processing company.

When I do something, I want to learn a business inside out. If one link in the chain breaks, I want to know where to step in. That meant I needed to learn the business from the ground up, including sales, underwriting, and risk management. If I do something, I commit to it 100 percent.

About five years later, I got together with a former colleague who worked for a private equity group, and we started the company that is now Unified Payments. I wanted to do something really, really big. We committed significant capital to making strategic acquisitions.

We were looking for distressed equity situationsother payment-processing companies that couldn't service their debt or had grown too fast. We acquired eight businesses. We shut most of them down and rolled their merchants into our existing service. We were in the right place at the right time, and we had the capital to make it happen.

We continued to grow organically through the recession as well. As our society has become more and more cashless, payment processing has become economically agnostic. We make money no matter what the economy is doing.

I got where I am because I wouldn't take no for an answer. I always remember where I came from and that I could end up back there with nothing. A few years ago, my wife, who is a refugee from Moldova, our two daughters, and I moved to Miami. My parents, who still live in Brooklyn, are very proud.

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Poster boy for the American dream? Quite possibly. Born in the Soviet Union, Oleg Firer arrived in Brooklyn, New York, at 12 and grew up in the borough's Brighton Beach neighborhood. He worked hard, avoided delinquents and drugs, and at 17 started his first business, a cell-phone retailer. Barely into his 20s, and without a college degree, Firer was serving as a vice president at a publicly traded communications company. In 2007, at 29, he co-founded Unified Payments. The company now processes $10 billion worth of transactions for 100,000 merchants a year--and it's still growing fast. Now 35, Firer and his family live in Miami. He drives to work in a Bentley. Life, he says, is good. As told to Darren Dahl.

I was born in Ukraine. But my family, who is Jewish, decided to flee the Soviet Union. My dad was a gym teacher there, and my mother worked for a bank. We had a challenging trip that took us through Austria and Italy before we finally got to Brooklyn.

My family didn't have much money when I was growing up. My dad worked as an assistant physical therapist, and my mom worked for a nonprofit. I was always working, taking odd jobs whenever I could. Fortunately, I am a quick learner and have a photographic memory, so I remember things in great detail.

"I always had to prove myselfbecause of my age and because I don't have an Ivy League degree."

I grew up living in small apartments in Brighton Beach and Coney Island, which are rough neighborhoods. Growing up there made me stronger. I always set higher expectations for myself than those around me did. Rather than get into drugs or crime, I focused on working hard and learning.

My first real job was working for The Wiz as a salesperson when I was 16. By the time I was 17, I was the youngest manager the store had. After Cablevision bought the company, I started my own company selling wireless devices. I thought about going to school for business, but I was already making too much money.

The CEO of a large company called SpeedUS recruited me to help with its marketing programs. I worked there for several years and became a vice president and ran my own division. I learned a lot about mergers and acquisitions. But I felt like I had to constantly prove myselfbecause of my age and because I don't have an Ivy League degree.

In 2002, I was looking for a new business opportunity when a friend told me about the payment-processing industry. I thought it looked interesting, because you work with recurring revenue, which means you don't start off with zero dollars every month. A year later, I partnered up with my friend to start a payment-processing company.

When I do something, I want to learn a business inside out. If one link in the chain breaks, I want to know where to step in. That meant I needed to learn the business from the ground up, including sales, underwriting, and risk management. If I do something, I commit to it 100 percent.

About five years later, I got together with a former colleague who worked for a private equity group, and we started the company that is now Unified Payments. I wanted to do something really, really big. We committed significant capital to making strategic acquisitions.

We were looking for distressed equity situationsother payment-processing companies that couldn't service their debt or had grown too fast. We acquired eight businesses. We shut most of them down and rolled their merchants into our existing service. We were in the right place at the right time, and we had the capital to make it happen.

We continued to grow organically through the recession as well. As our society has become more and more cashless, payment processing has become economically agnostic. We make money no matter what the economy is doing.

I got where I am because I wouldn't take no for an answer. I always remember where I came from and that I could end up back there with nothing. A few years ago, my wife, who is a refugee from Moldova, our two daughters, and I moved to Miami. My parents, who still live in Brooklyn, are very proud.

[inc_code_only_text] => [inc_notepad] => SEO: Looks good Captions: BRIGHTON BEACH MEMORY Oleg Firer, miles from where his journey began lap of luxury Firer, at his Miami office. His first job: salesman at The Wiz. Pullquotes: I always had to prove myself--because of my age and because I don't have an Ivy League degree. 2011 revenue $59.5 million oleg firer unified payments Three-year growth 23,646.3% [inc_toolbar_text] => [inc_read_more_override] => [inc_show_read_moreflag] => TRUE [inc_custom_sidebar_head] => [inc_sidebar_adcodeflag] => FALSE [inc_custom_sidebar] => [inc_custom_footer] => [inc_full_width_footerflag] => FALSE [inc_show_pinboardflag] => TRUE [inc_staid] => 8 [inc_premiumflag] => FALSE [inc_newsworthyflag] => FALSE [inc_standoutflag] => FALSE [inc_evergreen_contentflag] => FALSE [inc_homepage_riverflag] => TRUE [inc_comment_alert] => No one [inc_copyeditedflag] => FALSE [inc_activeflag] => TRUE [inc_hide_bucket_imageflag] => FALSE [inc_hide_article_sidebarflag] => FALSE [inc_hide_commentsflag] => FALSE [inc_show_social_linksflag] => TRUE [inc_prtid] => [inc_canonical_url] => [inc_serid] => [inc_registration_requiredflag] => FALSE [inc_use_narrow_navflag] => FALSE [inc_no_cacheflag] => FALSE [inc_eopid] => [inc_tracking_pixel_url] => [inc_custom_adzone] => [inc_imu_style_image_overrideref] => [inc_imu_style_image_override_ab_testref] => [inc_tile_tracking_pixel_url] => [inc_alchemyupdatetime] => 2013-04-26 06:17:33 [owner_admid] => [inc_f1temp] => [inc_alchemyentityxml] => ERROR daily-transaction-limit-exceeded [inc_alchemykeywordxml] => ERROR daily-transaction-limit-exceeded [dbObj] => MDB2_Driver_mysql Object ( [string_quoting] => Array ( [start] => ' [end] => ' [escape] => \ [escape_pattern] => \ ) [identifier_quoting] => Array ( [start] => ` [end] => ` [escape] => ` ) [sql_comments] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [start] => -- [end] => [escape] => ) [1] => Array ( [start] => # [end] => [escape] => ) [2] => Array ( [start] => /* [end] => */ [escape] => ) ) [server_capabilities_checked] => 1 [start_transaction] => 1 [varchar_max_length] => 65532 [db_index] => 1 [dsn] => Array ( [phptype] => mysql [dbsyntax] => mysql [username] => inccom [password] => b4Fjf2jaFLfc [protocol] => tcp [hostspec] => MYDB [port] => [socket] => [database] => [mode] => ) [connected_dsn] => Array ( [phptype] => mysql [dbsyntax] => mysql [username] => inccom [password] => b4Fjf2jaFLfc [protocol] => tcp [hostspec] => MYDB [port] => [socket] => [database] => [mode] => ) [connection] => Resource id #7 [opened_persistent] => [database_name] => sitecontent [connected_database_name] => sitecontent [connected_server_info] => 5.5.38-35.2-log [supported] => Array ( [sequences] => emulated [indexes] => 1 [affected_rows] => 1 [summary_functions] => 1 [order_by_text] => 1 [transactions] => 1 [savepoints] => 1 [current_id] => emulated [limit_queries] => 1 [LOBs] => 1 [replace] => 1 [sub_selects] => 1 [triggers] => 1 [auto_increment] => 1 [primary_key] => 1 [result_introspection] => 1 [prepared_statements] => 1 [identifier_quoting] => 1 [pattern_escaping] => 1 [new_link] => 1 ) [options] => Array ( [ssl] => [field_case] => 0 [disable_query] => [result_class] => MDB2_Result_%s [buffered_result_class] => MDB2_BufferedResult_%s [result_wrap_class] => [result_buffering] => 1 [fetch_class] => stdClass [persistent] => [debug] => 0 [debug_handler] => MDB2_defaultDebugOutput [debug_expanded_output] => [default_text_field_length] => 4096 [lob_buffer_length] => 8192 [log_line_break] => [idxname_format] => %s_idx [seqname_format] => %s_seq [savepoint_format] => MDB2_SAVEPOINT_%s [statement_format] => MDB2_STATEMENT_%1$s_%2$s [seqcol_name] => sequence [quote_identifier] => [use_transactions] => 1 [decimal_places] => 2 [portability] => 127 [modules] => Array ( [ex] => Extended [dt] => Datatype [mg] => Manager [rv] => Reverse [na] => Native [fc] => Function ) [emulate_prepared] => [datatype_map] => Array ( ) [datatype_map_callback] => Array ( ) [nativetype_map_callback] => Array ( ) [lob_allow_url_include] => [bindname_format] => (?:\d+)|(?:[a-zA-Z][a-zA-Z0-9_]*) [max_identifiers_length] => 64 [default_fk_action_onupdate] => RESTRICT [default_fk_action_ondelete] => RESTRICT [DBA_username] => [DBA_password] => [default_table_type] => ) [wildcards] => Array ( [0] => % [1] => _ ) [as_keyword] => AS [warnings] => Array ( ) [debug_output] => [in_transaction] => [nested_transaction_counter] => [has_transaction_error] => [offset] => 0 [limit] => 0 [phptype] => mysql [dbsyntax] => mysql [last_query] => SELECT pho_name FROM photographer WHERE id = 626 [fetchmode] => 1 [modules] => Array ( ) [destructor_registered] => 1 [_debug] => [_default_error_mode] => [_default_error_options] => [_default_error_handler] => [_error_class] => PEAR_Error [_expected_errors] => Array ( ) ) [time_created] => 0000-00-00 00:00:00 [time_updated] => 2013-08-19 17:34:53 [id] => 43545 [sortorder] => [tbl] => article [fields] => [application_path] => /public_web_sites/www.inc.com/reflex/ [core_application_url] => http://www.inc.com/ [error] => Array ( [0] => Problem initializing. A method for "inc_rubric" does not exist. [1] => Problem initializing. A method for "inc_f1_imageref" does not exist. ) [largeformat] => FALSE [baseurl] => http://www.inc.com/ [timestamp] => [homepage_headline] => Meet the CEO of America's Fastest Growing Company [homepage_headline2] => Meet the CEO of America's Fastest Growing Company [homepage_deck] => Here's how a poor immigrant kid from Brooklyn wound up running Unified Payments, No. 1 on the Inc. 500 list this year. [lightfeatureimage] => FALSE [imagelist_primary] => Array ( [19622] => Image Object ( [img_foreignkey] => [img_reference_name] => 78-oleg-firer-no1-pan.jpg [img_caption] => Brighton Beach Memory Oleg Firer, miles from where his journey began. [img_alt_text] => [img_custom_credit] => [img_custom_meta_data] => [img_phoid] => 626 [img_ityid] => 1 [img_bucketref] => 78-oleg-firer-no1-bkt.jpg [img_bucket_dimx] => 800 [img_bucket_dimy] => 800 [img_f1imageref] => [img_panoramicref] => 78-oleg-firer-no1-pan.jpg [img_pan_dimx] => 1725 [img_pan_dimy] => 810 [img_light_imageflag] => FALSE [img_tile_override_imageref] => [img_skyscraperref] => [img_sky_dimx] => [img_sky_dimy] => [img_super_panoramicref] => [img_gallery_imageref] => [img_full_screen_ref] => 78-oleg-firer-no1-pop.jpg [img_custom_cropref] => [img_full_text] => [img_tags] => [img_notes] => [img_gettyflag] => FALSE [dbObj] => MDB2_Driver_mysql Object ( [string_quoting] => Array ( [start] => ' [end] => ' [escape] => \ [escape_pattern] => \ ) [identifier_quoting] => Array ( [start] => ` [end] => ` [escape] => ` ) [sql_comments] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [start] => -- [end] => [escape] => ) [1] => Array ( [start] => # [end] => [escape] => ) [2] => Array ( [start] => /* [end] => */ [escape] => ) ) [server_capabilities_checked] => 1 [start_transaction] => 1 [varchar_max_length] => 65532 [db_index] => 1 [dsn] => Array ( [phptype] => mysql [dbsyntax] => mysql [username] => inccom [password] => b4Fjf2jaFLfc [protocol] => tcp [hostspec] => MYDB [port] => [socket] => [database] => [mode] => ) [connected_dsn] => Array ( [phptype] => mysql [dbsyntax] => mysql [username] => inccom [password] => b4Fjf2jaFLfc [protocol] => tcp [hostspec] => MYDB [port] => [socket] => [database] => [mode] => ) [connection] => Resource id #7 [opened_persistent] => [database_name] => sitecontent [connected_database_name] => sitecontent [connected_server_info] => 5.5.38-35.2-log [supported] => Array ( [sequences] => emulated [indexes] => 1 [affected_rows] => 1 [summary_functions] => 1 [order_by_text] => 1 [transactions] => 1 [savepoints] => 1 [current_id] => emulated [limit_queries] => 1 [LOBs] => 1 [replace] => 1 [sub_selects] => 1 [triggers] => 1 [auto_increment] => 1 [primary_key] => 1 [result_introspection] => 1 [prepared_statements] => 1 [identifier_quoting] => 1 [pattern_escaping] => 1 [new_link] => 1 ) [options] => Array ( [ssl] => [field_case] => 0 [disable_query] => [result_class] => MDB2_Result_%s [buffered_result_class] => MDB2_BufferedResult_%s [result_wrap_class] => [result_buffering] => 1 [fetch_class] => stdClass [persistent] => [debug] => 0 [debug_handler] => MDB2_defaultDebugOutput [debug_expanded_output] => [default_text_field_length] => 4096 [lob_buffer_length] => 8192 [log_line_break] => [idxname_format] => %s_idx [seqname_format] => %s_seq [savepoint_format] => MDB2_SAVEPOINT_%s [statement_format] => MDB2_STATEMENT_%1$s_%2$s [seqcol_name] => sequence [quote_identifier] => [use_transactions] => 1 [decimal_places] => 2 [portability] => 127 [modules] => Array ( [ex] => Extended [dt] => Datatype [mg] => Manager [rv] => Reverse [na] => Native [fc] => Function ) [emulate_prepared] => [datatype_map] => Array ( ) [datatype_map_callback] => Array ( ) [nativetype_map_callback] => Array ( ) [lob_allow_url_include] => [bindname_format] => (?:\d+)|(?:[a-zA-Z][a-zA-Z0-9_]*) [max_identifiers_length] => 64 [default_fk_action_onupdate] => RESTRICT [default_fk_action_ondelete] => RESTRICT [DBA_username] => [DBA_password] => [default_table_type] => ) [wildcards] => Array ( [0] => % [1] => _ ) [as_keyword] => AS [warnings] => Array ( ) [debug_output] => [in_transaction] => [nested_transaction_counter] => [has_transaction_error] => [offset] => 0 [limit] => 0 [phptype] => mysql [dbsyntax] => mysql [last_query] => SELECT pho_name FROM photographer WHERE id = 626 [fetchmode] => 1 [modules] => Array ( ) [destructor_registered] => 1 [_debug] => [_default_error_mode] => [_default_error_options] => [_default_error_handler] => [_error_class] => PEAR_Error [_expected_errors] => Array ( ) ) [time_created] => 2012-08-14 12:35:31 [time_updated] => 2013-08-23 16:11:23 [id] => 19622 [sortorder] => [tbl] => image [fields] => [application_path] => /public_web_sites/www.inc.com/reflex/ [core_application_url] => http://www.inc.com/ [error] => Array ( [0] => Problem initializing. A method for "incid" does not exist. [1] => Problem initializing. A method for "imgid" does not exist. ) [sort] => [img_phoid_nameref] => Jeffery Salter ) [19623] => Image Object ( [img_foreignkey] => [img_reference_name] => __DO NOT USE__78-oleg-firer-luxury-bkt.jpg [img_caption] => Lap of Luxury Firer, at his Miami office. His first job: salesman at The Wiz. [img_alt_text] => [img_custom_credit] => [img_custom_meta_data] => [img_phoid] => [img_ityid] => 1 [img_bucketref] => 78-oleg-firer-luxury-bkt.jpg [img_bucket_dimx] => 336 [img_bucket_dimy] => 336 [img_f1imageref] => [img_panoramicref] => [img_pan_dimx] => [img_pan_dimy] => [img_light_imageflag] => FALSE [img_tile_override_imageref] => [img_skyscraperref] => [img_sky_dimx] => [img_sky_dimy] => [img_super_panoramicref] => [img_gallery_imageref] => [img_full_screen_ref] => 78-oleg-firer-luxury-pop.jpg [img_custom_cropref] => [img_full_text] => [img_tags] => [img_notes] => [img_gettyflag] => FALSE [dbObj] => MDB2_Driver_mysql Object ( [string_quoting] => Array ( [start] => ' [end] => ' [escape] => \ [escape_pattern] => \ ) [identifier_quoting] => Array ( [start] => ` [end] => ` [escape] => ` ) [sql_comments] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [start] => -- [end] => [escape] => ) [1] => Array ( [start] => # [end] => [escape] => ) [2] => Array ( [start] => /* [end] => */ [escape] => ) ) [server_capabilities_checked] => 1 [start_transaction] => 1 [varchar_max_length] => 65532 [db_index] => 1 [dsn] => Array ( [phptype] => mysql [dbsyntax] => mysql [username] => inccom [password] => b4Fjf2jaFLfc [protocol] => tcp [hostspec] => MYDB [port] => [socket] => [database] => [mode] => ) [connected_dsn] => Array ( [phptype] => mysql [dbsyntax] => mysql [username] => inccom [password] => b4Fjf2jaFLfc [protocol] => tcp [hostspec] => MYDB [port] => [socket] => [database] => [mode] => ) [connection] => Resource id #7 [opened_persistent] => [database_name] => sitecontent [connected_database_name] => sitecontent [connected_server_info] => 5.5.38-35.2-log [supported] => Array ( [sequences] => emulated [indexes] => 1 [affected_rows] => 1 [summary_functions] => 1 [order_by_text] => 1 [transactions] => 1 [savepoints] => 1 [current_id] => emulated [limit_queries] => 1 [LOBs] => 1 [replace] => 1 [sub_selects] => 1 [triggers] => 1 [auto_increment] => 1 [primary_key] => 1 [result_introspection] => 1 [prepared_statements] => 1 [identifier_quoting] => 1 [pattern_escaping] => 1 [new_link] => 1 ) [options] => Array ( [ssl] => [field_case] => 0 [disable_query] => [result_class] => MDB2_Result_%s [buffered_result_class] => MDB2_BufferedResult_%s [result_wrap_class] => [result_buffering] => 1 [fetch_class] => stdClass [persistent] => [debug] => 0 [debug_handler] => MDB2_defaultDebugOutput [debug_expanded_output] => [default_text_field_length] => 4096 [lob_buffer_length] => 8192 [log_line_break] => [idxname_format] => %s_idx [seqname_format] => %s_seq [savepoint_format] => MDB2_SAVEPOINT_%s [statement_format] => MDB2_STATEMENT_%1$s_%2$s [seqcol_name] => sequence [quote_identifier] => [use_transactions] => 1 [decimal_places] => 2 [portability] => 127 [modules] => Array ( [ex] => Extended [dt] => Datatype [mg] => Manager [rv] => Reverse [na] => Native [fc] => Function ) [emulate_prepared] => [datatype_map] => Array ( ) [datatype_map_callback] => Array ( ) [nativetype_map_callback] => Array ( ) [lob_allow_url_include] => [bindname_format] => (?:\d+)|(?:[a-zA-Z][a-zA-Z0-9_]*) [max_identifiers_length] => 64 [default_fk_action_onupdate] => RESTRICT [default_fk_action_ondelete] => RESTRICT [DBA_username] => [DBA_password] => [default_table_type] => ) [wildcards] => Array ( [0] => % [1] => _ ) [as_keyword] => AS [warnings] => Array ( ) [debug_output] => [in_transaction] => [nested_transaction_counter] => [has_transaction_error] => [offset] => 0 [limit] => 0 [phptype] => mysql [dbsyntax] => mysql [last_query] => SELECT pho_name FROM photographer WHERE id = 626 [fetchmode] => 1 [modules] => Array ( ) [destructor_registered] => 1 [_debug] => [_default_error_mode] => [_default_error_options] => [_default_error_handler] => [_error_class] => PEAR_Error [_expected_errors] => Array ( ) ) [time_created] => 2012-08-14 12:36:36 [time_updated] => 2013-08-23 16:32:11 [id] => 19623 [sortorder] => [tbl] => image [fields] => [application_path] => /public_web_sites/www.inc.com/reflex/ [core_application_url] => http://www.inc.com/ [error] => Array ( [0] => Problem initializing. A method for "incid" does not exist. [1] => Problem initializing. A method for "imgid" does not exist. ) [sort] => ) ) [featureimage] => http://www.inc.com/uploaded_files/image/970x450/78-oleg-firer-no1-pan_19622.jpg [featureimageX2] => http://www.inc.com/uploaded_files/image/1940x900/78-oleg-firer-no1-pan_19622.jpg [smallfeatureimage] => http://www.inc.com/uploaded_files/image/640x290/78-oleg-firer-no1-pan_19622.jpg [featureimageObj] => Image Object ( [img_foreignkey] => [img_reference_name] => 78-oleg-firer-no1-pan.jpg [img_caption] => Brighton Beach Memory Oleg Firer, miles from where his journey began. 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Asaf Darash pours himself a glass of water and gestures over to a ream of papers neatly stacked under his computer monitor on his desk. The stack clearly makes him uneasy. We're sitting in his 10th-floor office in the Phelan Building, a San Francisco landmark built at the turn of the century by James D. Phelan, an American industrialist and senator, who also happened to be the son of an Irish immigrant. 

"I came to Silicon Valley to start this company," Darash says. "We love it here. The people and opportunities here--the ideas! It's mind-boggling."

He pauses, eyeing the stack of papers before continuing: "It's...oh, I don't know." 

Darash's enthusiasm fades into a weary sort of nostalgia. At the end of this month, he'll be forced to leave this country and return to Israel because Washington--specifically, U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services--has denied his application for an H1-B visa. Despite the facts that his software company, Regpack, is growing fast, has hired 19 Americans, and has raised $1.5 million in financing, the stack of paper sitting on his desk is a daily visual reminder that, on some level, none of that matters to the United States government. 

Darash was born in Jerusalem (he holds citizenship in Israel) and grew up, in part, in Australia, where he learned to speak English fluently. He was always a standout student. He holds a Ph.D. in computer networks and computer language from Hebrew University in Jerusalem. In 2007, he was awarded a Fulbright scholarship, and he spent three years researching his thesis at the University of California, Berkeley. He and his wife ultimately decided to make their home in the Bay Area.

In 2010, upon finishing his doctoral thesis, Darash founded Regpack, a registration and data-gathering business whose core software was based on a theoretical framework he had built during his research at Berkeley. Essentially, Regpack's software assembles input data cheaper and more efficiently for small and medium-size businesses.

Two years since the company launched, the start-up is now hitting its first inflection point.

Regpack is adding about 30 new clients each week, and, at the pace it's growing, Darash predicts his staff will reach 100 people within a year. Or, could. There's just one huge hurdle Darash must overcome: his immigration status. Because of a simple paperwork error on his H1-B visa application, Darash must leave the country--and leave his company behind--by the end of October.

Washington: Consider this is your wake-up call. Immigration reform must happen now.

This is not just the fate of one man--or the fate of one company, with its scores of clients, its $1.5 million investment, and the 19 American employees. Darash's tale is more common than you might think.

In 2011, U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services updated H1-B guidelines that would allow entrepreneurs and business owners on H1-B visas to work for their own company. However, the rule comes with a caveat: A company must be structured so the company's board could fire the founder, just like any other employee. Essentially, this would prevent unscrupulous immigrants from setting up illegitimate, or unprofitable, businesses as a means to justify their residencies. 

Darash did everything by the book: In January 2012, he hired a lawyer, incorporated the business, and allocated the necessary stock to himself and to his board so that his board could technically fire him. He was confident he'd be approved for his H1-B visa.

Darash and his lawyers submitted the paperwork for his H1-B visa on April 27. However, the official documents to allocate company stock and elect the board members were signed by the board on May 3--a discrepancy that immigration officials say disqualifies Darash. Their argument--if you can call it that--is that at the time Darash submitted his paperwork, he was simply the owner of the business with no board, and according to U.S. Immigration policy, that disqualifies his request for an H1-B visa. 

"Basically, I need to leave the country at the end of the month," Darash says. "No matter what. I need to leave the country at the end of the month, and this is coming at a stage exactly when the company is growing."

Darash says the company is beginning to market to new clients, so his presence in the business--to physically be in the San Francisco office--is crucial. Darash believes that working remotely will seriously compromise his ability to scale the business and hire new employees. 

"You can cause a company to collapse very quickly because of a bureaucratic error," he says. "They're not looking at a whole holistic situation and looking at who will be affected."

Last week, a study published by the Kauffman Foundation using census data from the past 50 years, revealed some eye-opening statistics about the number of immigrant-led companies in America. According to the study, authored by Vivek Wadhwa, an Indian-American entrepreneur and academic, who is currently vice president of academics and innovation at Singularity University, the proportion of immigrant-founded companies across the country has fallen nearly 4% in the past seven years. In Silicon Valley, the drop was even more precipitous--the percentage of immigrant-founded start-ups declined from 52.4% to 43.9%--a 16% change.

Recently, Wadhwa, who wrote The Immigrant Exodus: Why America Is Losing the Global Race to Capture Entrepreneurial Talent, was asked to explain the drop. 

"Well, the No. 1 reason is because we won't give the foreign people who are already here visas to start companies," he said. "My research has also documented that there were one million skilled immigrants waiting for green cards, for permanent resident visas. And we had predicted, if we don't fix the immigration system, they'd start leaving. Now, this is in 2007, when we had published that research. Well, guess what? They're leaving."

Dane Stangler, a director at the Kauffman Foundation, says that attempts by Congress to pass immigration reform--including the Start-up Visa Act--are essential for welcoming immigrant entrepreneurs. But there's more that can be done, now, he argues.

"There's evidence that there's just a presumption that [U.S. Immigration] is going to give higher scrutiny to start-ups," he says. "If there was some way, just some way, to remove that stigma against start-ups," entrepreneurs would have an easier time.

Darash's experience with U.S. Immigration may not necessarily be the result of a single policy or rule. But his impending deportation speaks to a greater issue of founder-visa reform. 

"The problem is that there is no good visa for founders," Darash says. "It's not a technical problem; it's that I have to structure my company in a certain way that doesn't make sense for the company. In the beginning of a start-up, the founder is the owner. And in the early stages, it's hard to prove that you can be fired."

Dr. Marcia Drew Hohn, director of the Public Education Institute at the Immigrant Learning Center, which is based in Malden, Massachusetts, sympathizes. She says Darash is not the only one who faces this kind of predicament--and that it often ends in a founder moving away from the United States permanently.

Hohn wrote a January 2012 report titled "Immigrant Entrepreneurs Creating Jobs and Strengthening the Economy," in which she argued that in order for immigrants to thrive as entrepreneurs, Washington must make some substantive changes to the different types of visas offered to immigrant founders.

"The fact that [Darash] couldn't just go in to correct it--that's a big problem," she says. "He's now set back. So streamlining the bureaucratic process is important, but it's not just that. We need more visa categories that real people fit into--more categories that are more open."

Darash's lawyer initially advised him that he could qualify for an "exceptional person" visa on the basis of his Ph.D. and professional background. But Darash chose to apply through his company, because he felt that was the ethical thing to do. In retrospect, had he taken his case for his visa situation outside of the company, he could have been granted approval. But by applying through his company, he has been denied.

When Darash's lawyer told him his application had been rejected, Darash's first reaction was to simply pick up the phone and call Immigration, a division of the United States Department of Homeland Security, to explain the error. But it wasn't that easy.

"You can't talk to anybody," he says. "I even asked my lawyer, 'Can you just talk to someone?' To tell them, to explain. [My lawyer] just laughed. He said, 'You can't talk to anyone in Immigration. What are you talking about? You can't e-mail them.'"

The outlook is not good. At the end of the month--barring any sort of intervention--Darash will be forced to leave the country and work remotely from his office in Israel. With him, he'll take his wife and two young children--a 19-month-old and an 8-year-old.

Darash's lawyers presented him with two options. He could file a motion to essentially re-review his application, or he could file an official appeal, which would take 13 to 18 months. Neither is a good option. A motion will likely be tossed out, and an appeal, well, is simply slow.

Darash is feverishly looking for someone to take over some of his day-to-day responsibilities in San Francisco. He also plans to relocate some of his engineers to Regpack's Israeli office, but he recognizes that's not a sustainable approach to the company's future of growth in the United States.

Amid the company's turmoil, the future is uncertain.

"By that time, a year and a half in start-up time is eternity," he says. "Regpack is not going to go away. We have real technology. The only question is where it will be."

[inc_code_only_text] => [inc_notepad] => PW CUT (Not opposed to adding elsewhere, but I moved up the section and it seemed cumbersome) (investors) who happen to be Hungarian. Beyond the pressure this has put on his life as a CEO, the stress in his family life has been even worse. "How do I tell my son that we're taking him away from all his friends?" Darash says. "And when he asks us 'why,' what are we going to tell him?" 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A method for "incid" does not exist. [1] => Problem initializing. A method for "imgid" does not exist. ) [sort] => ) ) ) Article Object ( [inc_foreignid] => [inc_title] => The Most Entrepreneurial Group in America Wasn't Born in America [inc_headline_prefix] => [inc_headline] => The Most Entrepreneurial Group in America Wasn't Born in America [inc_homepage_headline] => The Most Entrepreneurial Group in America Wasn't Born in America [inc_homepage_headline_ab_test] => [inc_lander_headline] => [inc_sharing_headline] => [inc_twitter_headline] => Why the U.S. needs immigrant entrepreneurs @AdamBluestein [inc_column_name_override] => [inc_reference_name] => [inc_custom_byline] => [inc_typid] => 1 [inc_autid] => [inc_deck] => Immigrants now launch more than a quarter of U.S. businesses. All entrepreneurs should welcome reform that would make it easier for this class of strivers to stay--and succeed. [inc_homepage_deck] => Immigrants now launch more than a quarter of U.S. businesses. All entrepreneurs should welcome reform that would make it easier for this class of strivers to stay--and succeed. [inc_lander_deck] => [inc_sharing_deck] => [inc_image_caption_override] => [inc_show_feature_imageflag] => TRUE [inc_pubdate] => 2015-01-12 17:55:16 [inc_promo_date] => 2015-01-12 17:55:00 [inc_custom_pubdate] => From the February 2015 issue of Inc. magazine [inc_meta_keywords] => [inc_custom_additional_description] => [inc_filelocation] => magazine/201502/adam-bluestein/the-most-entrepreneurial-group-in-america-wasnt-born-in-america.html [inc_override_url] => [inc_custom_header] => [inc_custom_css] => [inc_custom_javascript] => [inc_display_videos_as_playlistflag] => FALSE [inc_autoplay_videoflag] => TRUE [inc_display_video_at_bottomflag] => FALSE [inc_hide_video_prerollflag] => FALSE [inc_clean_text] =>

Derek Cha arrived in America as a 12-year-old with his parents and three siblings. They came for familiar reasons: "In 1977, South Korea was a poor country," Cha says. "My parents were looking for better opportunities and education for us." After the family settled in California, his mother worked as a seamstress; his father had jobs as a dishwasher and janitor. Cha delivered newspapers, helped his father with cleaning work after school, and got his first job at McDonald's at age 16.

Today, at 49, Cha is the owner of the 350-store chain of SweetFrog frozen-yogurt shops, which has more than $34 million in annual revenue. He employs about 800 part- and full-time workers in the 70-some locations he operates himself. (Like all the companies featured in this story, SweetFrog made the 2014 Inc. 500 list of America's fastest-growing companies.) Cha founded the Richmond, Virginia-based business in 2009, as the U.S. was slowly emerging from deep recession.

Risky? Yes. But increasingly, it is immigrant entrepreneurs like Cha who are most willing to take the risk of starting a business--and without the growth of immigrant-owned businesses like Cha's, the recession would have been much worse. From 1996 to 2011, the business startup rate of immigrants increased by more than 50 percent, while the native-born startup rate declined by 10 percent, to a 30-year low. Immigrants today are more than twice as likely to start a business as native-born citizens.

Despite accounting for only about 13 percent of the population, immigrants now start more than a quarter of new businesses in this country. Fast-growing ones, too--more than 20 percent of the 2014 Inc. 500 CEOs are immigrants. Immigrant-owned businesses pay an estimated $126 billion in wages per year, employing 1 in 10 Americans who work for private companies. In 2010, immigrant-owned businesses generated more than $775 billion in sales. If immigrant America were a stock, you'd be an idiot not to buy it.

Yet U.S. immigration policy has largely ignored the contribution of immigrant-launched businesses. Despite the bipartisan popularity of business-friendly proposals, including increasing the cap on H-1B work visas for skilled workers and creating a visa category for venture-backed entrepreneurs, the public debate frequently devolves into shouting matches over whether people should be deported and how quickly.

Even the biggest breakthrough in immigration policy in years--President Obama's announcement in November that he would take executive action--glossed over the role of immigrants as the nation's leading risk takers and job creators. Obama spoke of a "dynamic and entrepreneurial" economy, but left vague exactly what his action will do to help entrepreneurial immigrants prosper.

This omission no doubt reflects the limitations of what Obama can accomplish without congressional cooperation. And, of course, any changes he makes aren't necessarily permanent. They could be overturned by a new president in 2017--and Senator Ted Cruz of Texas and others have vowed to block provisions of the executive action from being implemented.

Driven by the politics of short election cycles, the U.S. is missing the larger economic cycle of immigration. Meanwhile, Canada has been advertising its new startup visa with a billboard on California's Highway 101, where every foreign-born engineer in Silicon Valley can see it: "H-1B Problems? Pivot to Canada." America has set up a legal thicket of "Keep Out" signs--which is both tragic and suicidal.

Immigrant founders started 52 percent of all new Silicon Valley companies between 1995 and 2005.

We should support immigration reform, and not only because it's in keeping with the American character of attracting world-class talent. As entrepreneurs know better than anyone, the American economy needs the dynamism and creativity of go-getters like Derek Cha. With the debate continuing to roil Washington, Inc. offers this modest prescription for immigration policies that preserve our national brand as the land of opportunity--and prosperity--for all.

Attract and retain more high-skilled immigrants

Michael Chertok and Adi Pinhas, co-founders of Superfish, a maker of cutting-edge visual search technology, started their company in a suburb of Tel Aviv with seed money from Israeli investors. But they came to the U.S. in 2008 to raise their first round of venture funding. "Back then, no one in Israel thought you could do a consumer tech company there," says Pinhas. "VCs in Silicon Valley got the technology, and were willing to wait for it to develop." Superfish--now headquartered in Palo Alto, California--has raised nearly $20 million in total funding and had revenue of $35 million in 2013. It employs 25 workers in the U.S. and an additional 60 in Israel.

"Being based in Palo Alto is huge," Pinhas says. "There is no need to convince anyone to do business with you. Even if you think you're visiting frequently and you read TechCrunch three times a day, it's not the same as being here working with your American team. The culture is different."

As much as high-tech entrepreneurs like Pinhas and Chertok need Silicon Valley, it needs them too. Indeed, without immigrants, there would be no Silicon Valley as we know it. In the '80s and '90s, the area attracted more foreign-born scientists and engineers than any other part of the country; by 2000, 53 percent of the Valley's science and engineering work force was foreign-born. Immigrant founders started 52 percent of new Silicon Valley companies between 1995 and 2005. And in 2012, immigrant-founded engineering and technology companies in the U.S.--heavily clustered in California--employed 560,000 workers and generated $63 billion in sales.

But a 2012 study underwritten by the Kauffman Foundation concluded that "immigrant-founded companies' dynamic period of expansion has come to an end." In Silicon Valley, the percentage of immigrant-founded companies has declined by 8.5 percent since 2005, the first such drop in recent history. Many attribute the decline to U.S. immigration policy. "It is getting increasingly difficult to hire high-tech talent here in the U.S., and increasingly easy abroad," says Emily Lam, of the Silicon Valley Leadership Group, an advocacy organization. "Companies are in a global competition for talent, and other countries are rolling out the red carpet for them while we are rolling out the red tape. The U.S. and Silicon Valley are still the places to be, but if Congress doesn't act soon, that won't last for very long."

Surprisingly, there is overwhelming agreement about what the United States needs to do to turn things around. First, we need to make more H-1B "specialty occupation" visas available. A consistent shortage of these temporary work visas prevents U.S. tech companies from hiring the foreign-born scientific and engineering workers they need. The current annual cap for H-1B visas is set at 65,000, with an additional 20,000 reserved for foreign nationals graduating with a U.S. master's degree or higher. In 2014, there were 172,500 applications for H-1Bs, blowing past the quota within days of the first application-filing date.

If Congress had enacted the immigration reform bill that the Senate passed in 2013--or other bills that had made progress in the House--that would have raised the annual H-1B cap to 115,000 right away (and up to 180,000 over time). Obama couldn't raise the H-1B cap with his executive action; Congress has to do that. But he did expand and extend a program that allows foreign graduates with scientific and technical degrees from American universities to work in on-the-job training programs at U.S. companies. "This will be very beneficial to high-tech employers, who depend on foreign graduates," says Matthew Kolodziej, an immigration attorney in the New York City offices of Ogletree Deakins and a former legislative fellow at the nonprofit American Immigration Council.

More visas alone aren't the answer, though. An H-1B allows the holder to work in the U.S. for only up to six years--after that, he or she must leave or obtain a different kind of visa. "The real problem isn't H-1Bs--it's green cards," says serial entrepreneur Vivek Wadhwa, a Stanford Law School fellow and author of The Immigrant Exodus. "There are backlogs of tens of thousands of people in line who would start companies, but they're waiting for green cards." Unlike H-1B visas, green cards confer permanent resident status. Under the current system, high-skilled workers who have applied for green cards can wait decades for them to become available. The president's executive action would make changes that allow such workers to move and change jobs more easily while they are waiting.

The U.S. currently has a 140,000 annual quota on employment-based green cards. There are quotas for different skill categories, as well as per-country limits, which can push would-be immigrants from countries like India and China--who make up the majority of Silicon Valley's immigrant work force--onto decades-long waiting lists. The U.S. should drop the country limits and add 85,000 more employment-based green cards, as was proposed in a House bill.

Landing a green card usually requires a sponsoring employer; as the founder of a startup, you can't sponsor yourself. A proposed EB-6 "startup visa"--a component of the bill that passed in the Senate but stalled in the House--would offer a path to permanent citizenship tailored to entrepreneurs, allocating up to 10,000 visas annually to foreign-born founders whose companies raise at least $500,000 from qualified investors and create at least five full-time U.S. jobs. We should enact such a program--yesterday. The Kauffman Foundation estimates this startup visa would create as many as 1.6 million jobs in 10 years. Canada, the U.K., New Zealand, Ireland, and Singapore have already implemented similar visas.

In lieu of permanent legislation to codify the startup visa, Obama's executive action offered a sort of secret pathway for startup founders "who meet certain criteria for creating jobs, attracting investment, and generating revenue in the U.S." Few details were available at presstime, but the policy is a step in the right direction, say those briefed on it. "If entrepreneurs can show they contribute to job creation, the changes could allow them to enter the U.S. or make their entry legal retroactively by granting them 'parole' status," says Kolodziej, the immigration attorney. At presstime, it wasn't clear how long parole status would be granted, or what type of visa parolees could get after that time, but, says Kolodziej, "this is a very positive change, because current programs for entrepreneurs are based on treaties, and if the individuals do not come from a treaty country, their options are very limited."

By merits of Superfish's funding and job creation, Pinhas would clearly meet the requirements for a proposed startup visa. That would let him put down roots. Because his company had been operating for more than a year in Israel and doing business in the U.S., Pinhas was able to come here in 2013 on a nonimmigrant L-1 visa, which allows executives of established foreign companies to set up or work for a U.S. office. The three-year visa is renewable, but since approval isn't guaranteed, Pinhas says he is "planning accordingly." He and his wife are happy with the school their two sons attend, but, he says, "I wouldn't buy a house here yet--we might need to leave in a year."

Clear a path for less-skilled workers, too

Although highly educated founders of tech companies get a lot of attention, they're just one part of the story of immigrant entrepreneurship in America.

Currently, only a small fraction of immigrants have advanced degrees. And that's OK, because even without the benefit of a college education, immigrants tend to be far more entrepreneurial than native Americans. Only about a third of immigrant business owners have taken at least some college classes, versus 54 percent of native-born owners. And more than 37 percent of immigrant business owners haven't even finished high school, compared with 16 percent of native-born owners.

But despite the benefits of allowing more immigrants of all skill levels to live and work here legally, U.S. immigration policy makes it very difficult for them to do so. There are only about 5,000 employment-based green cards available each year for unskilled immigrant workers without professional degrees. And existing H-2A and H-2B visas for seasonal low-skilled workers are unpopular with employers because of complicated paperwork, and designed for temporary workers, rather than the longer-term workers increasingly needed in many parts of the economy. The U.S. should listen to the conservative American Enterprise Institute, whose 2013 study "Filling the Gap" argues in favor of the U.S. allowing more "low-skilled" immigrants to come here legally.

The arguments against low-skilled immigrants are familiar: They take American jobs, gobble up government handouts, and wreck communities. But research by the AEI, the Partnership for a New Economy, and others shows that the majority of low-skilled immigrants are a lot more like Derek Cha's family--working hard at jobs that Americans often don't want, and starting businesses without the benefit of lots of formal education. And many who have launched companies in the U.S. know the value of immigrants, both as founders and as employees.

Cha went to college for a year and a half before leaving to focus full time on running an art framing business with his father. "My father had always been in business in Korea, but he didn't speak English," Cha says. "But working 14-hour days, 7 days a week, we did well right off the bat." Their company expanded to more than 80 locations in multiple states, until the recession put them out of business after 20 years.

The sorts of jobs that Cha's father had before starting his own business--dishwashing and building maintenance--are now filled almost entirely by foreign-born workers. While the number of Americans with college degrees has continued to rise, in our service-driven economy, there are still lots of low-skilled jobs available. The dirtiest, most physically demanding, and most dangerous of these jobs--in fields such as construction, landscaping, and building maintenance, for example--are overwhelmingly filled by immigrants, who now account for more than half of all low-skilled workers in the U.S. These are jobs that native-born workers typically don't want.

A 2013 analysis of the Senate's immigration reform bill by the nonpartisan Congressional Budget Office estimates its passage would have resulted in nine million more people entering the U.S. work force in the next 20 years, with new immigrants participating at a higher rate, on average, than other U.S. residents. As a result, unemployment would tick up slightly for several years as labor markets adjusted. But after that, thanks to additional demand for goods and services, employment would be higher than projected under current regulations. Wages for all workers would be 0.1 percent lower, on average, after 10 years--but largely because new immigrants would earn lower average wages than other residents. And after 20 years, average U.S. wages would be 0.5 percent higher.

The broader economic payback is more impressive: Although implementing the legislation would cost $22 billion in the first 10 years--and between $20 billion and $25 billion in the next 10 years--it would reduce federal budget deficits by at least $700 billion in the next 10 to 20 years.

Immigrant businesses are 60 percent more likely to export, a key factor to U.S. economic growth in recent years.

In addition to eliminating country quotas for employment-based visas, the U.S. should clear long backlogs in family-based visa applications, and create a W-visa category for less-skilled employees to work legally for up to three years (with a chance to renew and be sponsored for permanent residence). These are practical steps that would do more to curb illegal immigration than simply increasing border security, says Stuart Anderson, executive director at the nonprofit National Foundation for American Policy. "If we had a legal visa category that let people go back and forth, many wouldn't feel the need to put down roots and instead would work for a time and go back."

Immigrants want to work, says Cha. "I don't believe in handouts from the government," he says. "I'm a conservative at heart. But I believe that newer immigrants from poorer countries are hardworking and not afraid of doing jobs that people here don't want to do. If we can responsibly help them come here, it's a good thing for the country."

Support foreign-born entrepreneurs

Immigrant founders play a vital role as connectors to global markets--both abroad and here in the U.S. Immigrant businesses are 60 percent more likely to export than native-owned companies, and more than 2.5 times as likely to rely on exports for a large part of their sales, according to the Partnership for a New American Economy. Exports are responsible for about half of the country's economic growth in recent years.

Immigrant entrepreneurs are also uniquely qualified to create innovative business models that tap into the "hidden" needs of immigrant consumers in the U.S. Anurag Jain, a native of India and the co-founder of Prepay Nation in Berwyn, Pennsylvania, is a case in point.

By allowing immigrants to send small gifts of cell-phone minutes to relatives back home, Jain's company "solves two problems that most immigrants have," Jain says. "One is that immigrants want to help their families back home, but often they have minimum-wage jobs. And you really can't send money overseas without ridiculous fees." His business model allows immigrants to transfer as little as $2 worth of minutes at a time to family overseas, with no fee to the sender or recipient. (Foreign cellular network operators give Prepay a commission on sales.) Additionally, with Prepay, senders know where the money is going. "People want to take care of relatives' basic needs," Jain says, "but they don't necessarily want to pay for parties and alcohol." The company, founded in 2010, has revenue of more than $110 million.

"Being an immigrant myself obviously helps me understand the issues and the pain most immigrants go through," says Jain, who earned $50 a day when he came to the U.S. in 2001 with his wife, who was studying on a J-1 educational visa. (This type of visa allows spouses to work legally in the U.S.; spouses of H-1B visa holders, though, have been prevented from working, sidelining many educated immigrants who could be contributing to the economy. The president's executive action includes changes that would allow many H-1B spouses to work.)

Although many immigrant entrepreneurs choose to cater to a community they are familiar with, "I think success comes when you try to go out of your comfort zone," Jain says. "A majority of the mentors I got advice from are American citizens. If you're trying to do business, the more kinds of people you know, the better. If you just stick to your own community members, your perspective is going to be more limited."

Jain's mentorships came about accidentally--he rented space for his first business in a shared office where an attorney and another business owner were already working. "The three of us got together every few weeks to talk about problems in our businesses, and that helped a lot," says Jain. "They became good friends and brought me perspective I was missing." Among other things, they helped prevent business-etiquette gaffes. "In India, it's very common to give a favor in exchange for business. They told me that wasn't acceptable here."

Helping immigrant entrepreneurs become as successful as they can be is in the country's best interests. The U.S. should support a formal system of mentorship for immigrant business people. A program like the one proposed in both Senate and House versions of immigration reform bills would be a good start, awarding grants to nonprofits and state and local governments to run immigrant integration programs. The nonprofit group WelcomingAmerica.org is already running similar programs in such cities as St. Louis and Detroit, which are supporting immigrants as a way to spur stagnant local economies.

Legalize the undocumented

Ruby Polanco, the Honduras-born founder of Ruby Makeup Academy, based in Temple City, California, came to America like hundreds of thousands of other immigrants--she was brought here as a child. "The transition from Honduras was very scary," says Polanco, who was just 12 years old when she arrived in the U.S. almost three decades ago. With her mother and two brothers, Polanco lived in Los Angeles, in a 300-square-foot apartment with no kitchen. School, she says, was "very hard on kids who didn't speak English." And the convoluted process of obtaining green cards--particularly challenging for immigrants from Central America--added to the family's sense of insecurity. At 17, Polanco was a pregnant high school dropout, married to a man she'd divorce a year later.

Finally getting her green card, Polanco says, "changed my mentality. In my own crazy mind, I decided I wanted to make myself American, to make this country my country. After many years, I had the right to stay here." Polanco got a job as a cashier at McDonald's and eventually became a manager. After getting her GED, she attended community college, and later got a bachelor's degree in business management.

Since founding a school for makeup artists in 2006, Polanco now has four locations in the Los Angeles area, revenue of more than $2 million, and about 45 employees. Polanco has also become a visible entrepreneurial presence in L.A.'s Hispanic community. "You give a Hispanic woman $5 and she'll turn it into a million," she says, "but not a lot of people are investing money and time on these young women." Polanco hopes she can help other Hispanic women overcome an "illegal" mindset. "Even legal people here think very illegal," she says. "They think they can only do business in their corner."

Whether you call it "amnesty" or a "path to citizenship," doing something about the 11.7 million undocumented migrants who have settled in the U.S., two-thirds of them more than a decade ago, must be part of any serious immigration reform program. For too long, this issue has held back any and all immigration reform, with Republicans refusing to pass any bill that includes provisions for the undocumented, and Democrats refusing to pass any bill that does not. Keeping people like young Ruby Polanco and other ambitious immigrants in a drawn-out state of legal limbo serves no one. The president's executive action essentially kicks the can down the road, offering temporary relief from deportation and work permits for an estimated 3.7 million undocumented parents of U.S. citizens or legal permanent residents, and nearly 1.5 million people who entered the U.S. as children before 2010.

Like the rest of the president's executive action, this deal will expire unless the next president chooses to continue it--or in the unlikely event that the new Congress approves a path to citizenship like the one outlined in the Senate's immigration bill. That bill would have allowed undocumented adults who arrived in the U.S. before a certain date to live and work here legally--but without access to federal benefits like Medicaid, food stamps, or Obamacare health subsidies. After a period of at least 13 years--assuming they paid taxes, passed background checks, and stayed out of legal trouble--they could have qualified for citizenship. Those who were brought to the U.S. as children, like Polanco, would have been able to earn citizenship after five years.

Each year, about 65,000 undocumented students who have lived in the U.S. for five or more years graduate from American high schools. And then their lack of legal status keeps them out of higher education, the work force, and the military. Allowing these young people to live and work here without fear could increase federal revenue by $2.3 billion over 10 years, according to the Congressional Budget Office and the Joint Committee on Taxation.

Stopgap measures, executive actions, and partisan standoffs don't cut it anymore as policy for a country that was literally built by immigrants. The business case for immigration reform is clear and compelling. It's long since time for politicians on both sides of the aisle to look at the facts--and beyond the unfounded fears--about immigration and start enacting pragmatic solutions. "For many years, the U.S. was the best place in the world to go start a company," says Jason Wiens, a policy director at the Kauffman Foundation. "If we don't provide ways for these people to stay here and create companies, we're going to lose out."

[inc_code_only_text] => [inc_notepad] => lead - inc. - february 2015 ruby Polanco, Ruby Makeup academy Polanco came to the U.S. from Honduras when she was a child. Now she runs a fast-growing chain of schools for makeup artists. "You give a Hispanic woman $5 and she'll turn it into a million," Polanco says. The most entrepreneurial group in America wasn't born in America Immigrants now launch more than a quarter of U.S. businesses. All entrepreneurs should welcome reform that would make it easier for this class of strivers to stay--and succeed By Adam Bluestein Photographs by Evan Kafka Derek Cha arrived in America as a 12-year-old with his parents and three siblings. They came for familiar reasons: "In 1977, South Korea was a poor country," Cha says. "My parents were looking for better opportunities and education for us." After the family settled in California, his mother worked as a seamstress; his father had jobs as a dishwasher and janitor. Cha delivered newspapers, helped his father with cleaning work after school, and got his first job at McDonald's at age 16. Today, at 49, Cha is the owner of the 350-store chain of SweetFrog frozen-yogurt shops, which has more than $34 million in annual revenue. He employs about 800 part- and full-time workers in the 70-some locations he operates himself. (Like all the companies featured in this story, SweetFrog made the 2014 Inc. 500 list of America's fastest-growing companies.) Cha founded the Richmond, Virginia–based business in 2009, as the U.S. was slowly emerging from deep recession. Risky? Yes. But increasingly, it is immigrant entrepreneurs like Cha who are most willing to take the risk of starting a business--and without the growth of immigrant-owned businesses like Cha's, the recession would have been much worse. From 1996 to 2011, the business startup rate of immigrants increased by more than 50 percent, while the native-born startup rate declined by 10 percent, to a 30-year low. Immigrants today are more than twice as likely to start a business as native-born citizens. Despite accounting for only about 13 percent of the population, immigrants now start more than a quarter of new businesses in this country. Fast-growing ones, too--more than 20 percent of the 2014 Inc. 500 CEOs are immigrants. Immigrant-owned businesses pay an estimated $126 billion in wages per year, employing 1 in 10 Americans who work for private companies. In 2010, immigrant-owned businesses generated more than $775 billion in sales. If immigrant America were a stock, you'd be an idiot not to buy it. Yet U.S. immigration policy has largely ignored the contribution of immigrant-launched businesses. Despite the bipartisan popularity of business-friendly proposals, including increasing the cap on H-1B work visas for skilled workers and creating a visa category for venture-backed entrepreneurs, the public debate frequently devolves into shouting matches over whether people should be deported and how quickly. Even the biggest breakthrough in immigration policy in years--President Obama's announcement in November that he would take executive action--glossed over the role of immigrants as the nation's leading risk takers and job creators. Obama spoke of a "dynamic and entrepreneurial" economy, but left vague exactly what his action will do to help entrepreneurial immigrants prosper. This omission no doubt reflects the limitations of what Obama can accomplish without congressional cooperation. And, of course, any changes he makes aren't necessarily permanent. They could be overturned by a new president in 2017--and Senator Ted Cruz of Texas and others have vowed to block provisions of the executive action from being implemented. Driven by the politics of short election cycles, the U.S. is missing the larger economic cycle of immigration. Meanwhile, Canada has been advertising its new startup visa with a billboard on California's Highway 101, where every foreign-born engineer in Silicon Valley can see it: "H-1B Problems? Pivot to Canada." America has set up a legal thicket of "Keep Out" signs--which is both tragic and suicidal. We should support immigration reform, and not only because it's in keeping with the American character of attracting world-class talent. As entrepreneurs know better than anyone, the American economy needs the dynamism and creativity of go-getters like Derek Cha. With the debate continuing to roil Washington, Inc. offers this modest prescription for immigration policies that preserve our national brand as the land of opportunity--and prosperity--for all. attract and Retain More High-Skilled Immigrants -- Michael Chertok and Adi Pinhas, co-founders of Superfish, a maker of cutting-edge visual search technology, started their company in a suburb of Tel Aviv with seed money from Israeli investors. But they came to the U.S. in 2008 to raise their first round of venture funding. "Back then, no one in Israel thought you could do a consumer tech company there," says Pinhas. "VCs in Silicon Valley got the technology, and were willing to wait for it to develop." Superfish--now headquartered in Palo Alto, California--has raised nearly $20 million in total funding and had revenue of $35 million in 2013. It employs 25 workers in the U.S. and an additional 60 in Israel. "Being based in Palo Alto is huge," Pinhas says. "There is no need to convince anyone to do business with you. Even if you think you're visiting frequently and you read TechCrunch three times a day, it's not the same as being here working with your American team. The culture is different." As much as high-tech entrepreneurs like Pinhas and Chertok need Silicon Valley, it needs them too. Indeed, without immigrants, there would be no Silicon Valley as we know it. In the '80s and '90s, the area attracted more foreign-born scientists and engineers than any other part of the country; by 2000, 53 percent of the Valley's science and engineering work force was foreign-born. Immigrant founders started 52 percent of new Silicon Valley companies between 1995 and 2005. And in 2012, immigrant-founded engineering and technology companies in the U.S.--heavily clustered in California--employed 560,000 workers and generated $63 billion in sales. But a 2012 study underwritten by the Kauffman Foundation concluded that "immigrant-founded companies' dynamic period of expansion has come to an end." In Silicon Valley, the percentage of immigrant-founded companies has declined by 8.5 percent since 2005, the first such drop in recent history. Many attribute the decline to U.S. immigration policy. "It is getting increasingly difficult to hire high-tech talent here in the U.S., and increasingly easy abroad," says Emily Lam, of the Silicon Valley Leadership Group, an advocacy organization. "Companies are in a global competition for talent, and other countries are rolling out the red carpet for them while we are rolling out the red tape. The U.S. and Silicon Valley are still the places to be, but if Congress doesn't act soon, that won't last for very long." Surprisingly, there is overwhelming agreement about what the United States needs to do to turn things around. First, we need to make more H-1B "specialty occupation" visas available. A consistent shortage of these temporary work visas prevents U.S. tech companies from hiring the foreign-born scientific and engineering workers they need. The current annual cap for H-1B visas is set at 65,000, with an additional 20,000 reserved for foreign nationals graduating with a U.S. master's degree or higher. In 2014, there were 172,500 applications for H-1Bs, blowing past the quota within days of the first application-filing date. If Congress had enacted the immigration reform bill that the Senate passed in 2013--or other bills that had made progress in the House--that would have raised the annual H-1B cap to 115,000 right away (and up to 180,000 over time). Obama couldn't raise the H-1B cap with his executive action; Congress has to do that. But he did expand and extend a program that allows foreign graduates with scientific and technical degrees from American universities to work in on-the-job training programs at U.S. companies. "This will be very beneficial to high-tech employers, who depend on foreign graduates," says Matthew Kolodziej, an immigration attorney in the New York City offices of Ogletree Deakins and a former legislative fellow at the nonprofit American Immigration Council. More visas alone aren't the answer, though. An H-1B allows the holder to work in the U.S. for only up to six years--after that, he or she must leave or obtain a different kind of visa. "The real problem isn't H-1Bs--it's green cards," says serial entrepreneur Vivek Wadhwa, a Stanford Law School fellow and author of The Immigrant Exodus. "There are backlogs of tens of thousands of people in line who would start companies, but they're waiting for green cards." Unlike H-1B visas, green cards confer permanent resident status. Under the current system, high-skilled workers who have applied for green cards can wait decades for them to become available. The president's executive action would make changes that allow such workers to move and change jobs more easily while they are waiting. The U.S. currently has a 140,000 annual quota on employment-based green cards. There are quotas for different skill categories, as well as per-country limits, which can push would-be immigrants from countries like India and China--who make up the majority of Silicon Valley's immigrant work force--onto decades-long waiting lists. The U.S. should drop the country limits and add 85,000 more employment-based green cards, as was proposed in a House bill. Landing a green card usually requires a sponsoring employer; as the founder of a startup, you can't sponsor yourself. A proposed EB-6 "startup visa"--a component of the bill that passed in the Senate but stalled in the House--would offer a path to permanent citizenship tailored to entrepreneurs, allocating up to 10,000 visas annually to foreign-born founders whose companies raise at least $500,000 from qualified investors and create at least five full-time U.S. jobs. We should enact such a program--yesterday. The Kauffman Foundation estimates this startup visa would create as many as 1.6 million jobs in 10 years. Canada, the U.K., New Zealand, Ireland, and Singapore have already implemented similar visas. In lieu of permanent legislation to codify the startup visa, Obama's executive action offered a sort of secret pathway for startup founders "who meet certain criteria for creating jobs, attracting investment, and generating revenue in the U.S." Few details were available at presstime, but the policy is a step in the right direction, say those briefed on it. "If entrepreneurs can show they contribute to job creation, the changes could allow them to enter the U.S. or make their entry legal retroactively by granting them 'parole' status," says Kolodziej, the immigration attorney. At presstime, it wasn't clear how long parole status would be granted, or what type of visa parolees could get after that time, but, says Kolodziej, "this is a very positive change, because current programs for entrepreneurs are based on treaties, and if the individuals do not come from a treaty country, their options are very limited." By merits of Superfish's funding and job creation, Pinhas would clearly meet the requirements for a proposed startup visa. That would let him put down roots. Because his company had been operating for more than a year in Israel and doing business in the U.S., Pinhas was able to come here in 2013 on a nonimmigrant L-1 visa, which allows executives of established foreign companies to set up or work for a U.S. office. The three-year visa is renewable, but since approval isn't guaranteed, Pinhas says he is "planning accordingly." He and his wife are happy with the school their two sons attend, but, he says, "I wouldn't buy a house here yet--we might need to leave in a year." Clear a Path for Less-Skilled Workers, Too -- Although highly educated founders of tech companies get a lot of attention, they're just one part of the story of immigrant entrepreneurship in America. Currently, only a small fraction of immigrants have advanced degrees. And that's OK, because even without the benefit of a college education, immigrants tend to be far more entrepreneurial than native Americans. Only about a third of immigrant business owners have taken at least some college classes, versus 54 percent of native-born owners. And more than 37 percent of immigrant business owners haven't even finished high school, compared with 16 percent of native-born owners. But despite the benefits of allowing more immigrants of all skill levels to live and work here legally, U.S. immigration policy makes it very difficult for them to do so. There are only about 5,000 employment-based green cards available each year for unskilled immigrant workers without professional degrees. And existing H-2A and H-2B visas for seasonal low-skilled workers are unpopular with employers because of complicated paperwork, and designed for temporary workers, rather than the longer-term workers increasingly needed in many parts of the economy. The U.S. should listen to the conservative American Enterprise Institute, whose 2013 study "Filling the Gap" argues in favor of the U.S. allowing more "low-skilled" immigrants to come here legally. The arguments against low-skilled immigrants are familiar: They take American jobs, gobble up government handouts, and wreck communities. But research by the AEI, the Partnership for a New Economy, and others shows that the majority of low-skilled immigrants are a lot more like Derek Cha's family--working hard at jobs that Americans often don't want, and starting businesses without the benefit of lots of formal education. And many who have launched companies in the U.S. know the value of immigrants, both as founders and as employees. Cha went to college for a year and a half before leaving to focus full time on running an art framing business with his father. "My father had always been in business in Korea, but he didn't speak English," Cha says. "But working 14-hour days, 7 days a week, we did well right off the bat." Their company expanded to more than 80 locations in multiple states, until the recession put them out of business after 20 years. The sorts of jobs that Cha's father had before starting his own business--dishwashing and building maintenance--are now filled almost entirely by foreign-born workers. While the number of Americans with college degrees has continued to rise, in our service-driven economy, there are still lots of low-skilled jobs available. The dirtiest, most physically demanding, and most dangerous of these jobs--in fields such as construction, landscaping, and building maintenance, for example--are overwhelmingly filled by immigrants, who now account for more than half of all low-skilled workers in the U.S. These are jobs that native-born workers typically don't want. A 2013 analysis of the Senate's immigration reform bill by the nonpartisan Congressional Budget Office estimates its passage would have resulted in nine million more people entering the U.S. work force in the next 20 years, with new immigrants participating at a higher rate, on average, than other U.S. residents. As a result, unemployment would tick up slightly for several years as labor markets adjusted. But after that, thanks to additional demand for goods and services, employment would be higher than projected under current regulations. Wages for all workers would be 0.1 percent lower, on average, after 10 years--but largely because new immigrants would earn lower average wages than other residents. And after 20 years, average U.S. wages would be 0.5 percent higher. The broader economic payback is more impressive: Although implementing the legislation would cost $22 billion in the first 10 years--and between $20 billion and $25 billion in the next 10 years--it would reduce federal budget deficits by at least $700 billion in the next 10 to 20 years. In addition to eliminating country quotas for employment-based visas, the U.S. should clear long backlogs in family-based visa applications, and create a W-visa category for less-skilled employees to work legally for up to three years (with a chance to renew and be sponsored for permanent residence). These are practical steps that would do more to curb illegal immigration than simply increasing border security, says Stuart Anderson, executive director at the nonprofit National Foundation for American Policy. "If we had a legal visa category that let people go back and forth, many wouldn't feel the need to put down roots and instead would work for a time and go back." Immigrants want to work, says Cha. "I don't believe in handouts from the government," he says. "I'm a conservative at heart. But I believe that newer immigrants from poorer countries are hardworking and not afraid of doing jobs that people here don't want to do. If we can responsibly help them come here, it's a good thing for the country." Support Foreign-Born Entrepreneurs -- Immigrant founders play a vital role as connectors to global markets--both abroad and here in the U.S. Immigrant businesses are 60 percent more likely to export than native-owned companies, and more than 2.5 times as likely to rely on exports for a large part of their sales, according to the Partnership for a New American Economy. Exports are responsible for about half of the country's economic growth in recent years. Immigrant entrepreneurs are also uniquely qualified to create innovative business models that tap into the "hidden" needs of immigrant consumers in the U.S. Anurag Jain, a native of India and the co-founder of Prepay Nation in Berwyn, Pennsylvania, is a case in point. By allowing immigrants to send small gifts of cell-phone minutes to relatives back home, Jain's company "solves two problems that most immigrants have," Jain says. "One is that immigrants want to help their families back home, but often they have minimum-wage jobs. And you really can't send money overseas without ridiculous fees." His business model allows immigrants to transfer as little as $2 worth of minutes at a time to family overseas, with no fee to the sender or recipient. (Foreign cellular network operators give Prepay a commission on sales.) Additionally, with Prepay, senders know where the money is going. "People want to take care of relatives' basic needs," Jain says, "but they don't necessarily want to pay for parties and alcohol." The company, founded in 2010, has revenue of more than $110 million. "Being an immigrant myself obviously helps me understand the issues and the pain most immigrants go through," says Jain, who earned $50 a day when he came to the U.S. in 2001 with his wife, who was studying on a J-1 educational visa. (This type of visa allows spouses to work legally in the U.S.; spouses of H-1B visa holders, though, have been prevented from working, sidelining many educated immigrants who could be contributing to the economy. The president's executive action includes changes that would allow many H-1B spouses to work.) Although many immigrant entrepreneurs choose to cater to a community they are familiar with, "I think success comes when you try to go out of your comfort zone," Jain says. "A majority of the mentors I got advice from are American citizens. If you're trying to do business, the more kinds of people you know, the better. If you just stick to your own community members, your perspective is going to be more limited." Jain's mentorships came about accidentally--he rented space for his first business in a shared office where an attorney and another business owner were already working. "The three of us got together every few weeks to talk about problems in our businesses, and that helped a lot," says Jain. "They became good friends and brought me perspective I was missing." Among other things, they helped prevent business-etiquette gaffes. "In India, it's very common to give a favor in exchange for business. They told me that wasn't acceptable here." Helping immigrant entrepreneurs become as successful as they can be is in the country's best interests. The U.S. should support a formal system of mentorship for immigrant business people. A program like the one proposed in both Senate and House versions of immigration reform bills would be a good start, awarding grants to nonprofits and state and local governments to run immigrant integration programs. The nonprofit group WelcomingAmerica.org is already running similar programs in such cities as St. Louis and Detroit, which are supporting immigrants as a way to spur stagnant local economies. Legalize the Undocumented -- Ruby Polanco, the Honduras-born founder of Ruby Makeup Academy, based in Temple City, California, came to America like hundreds of thousands of other immigrants--she was brought here as a child. "The transition from Honduras was very scary," says Polanco, who was just 12 years old when she arrived in the U.S. almost three decades ago. With her mother and two brothers, Polanco lived in Los Angeles, in a 300-square-foot apartment with no kitchen. School, she says, was "very hard on kids who didn't speak English." And the convoluted process of obtaining green cards--particularly challenging for immigrants from Central America--added to the family's sense of insecurity. At 17, Polanco was a pregnant high school dropout, married to a man she'd divorce a year later. Finally getting her green card, Polanco says, "changed my mentality. In my own crazy mind, I decided I wanted to make myself American, to make this country my country. After many years, I had the right to stay here." Polanco got a job as a cashier at McDonald's and eventually became a manager. After getting her GED, she attended community college, and later got a bachelor's degree in business management. Since founding a school for makeup artists in 2006, Polanco now has four locations in the Los Angeles area, revenue of more than $2 million, and about 45 employees. Polanco has also become a visible entrepreneurial presence in L.A.'s Hispanic community. "You give a Hispanic woman $5 and she'll turn it into a million," she says, "but not a lot of people are investing money and time on these young women." Polanco hopes she can help other Hispanic women overcome an "illegal" mindset. "Even legal people here think very illegal," she says. "They think they can only do business in their corner." Whether you call it "amnesty" or a "path to citizenship," doing something about the 11.7 million undocumented migrants who have settled in the U.S., two-thirds of them more than a decade ago, must be part of any serious immigration reform program. For too long, this issue has held back any and all immigration reform, with Republicans refusing to pass any bill that includes provisions for the undocumented, and Democrats refusing to pass any bill that does not. Keeping people like young Ruby Polanco and other ambitious immigrants in a drawn-out state of legal limbo serves no one. The president's executive action essentially kicks the can down the road, offering temporary relief from deportation and work permits for an estimated 3.7 million undocumented parents of U.S. citizens or legal permanent residents, and nearly 1.5 million people who entered the U.S. as children before 2010. Like the rest of the president's executive action, this deal will expire unless the next president chooses to continue it--or in the unlikely event that the new Congress approves a path to citizenship like the one outlined in the Senate's immigration bill. That bill would have allowed undocumented adults who arrived in the U.S. before a certain date to live and work here legally--but without access to federal benefits like Medicaid, food stamps, or Obamacare health subsidies. After a period of at least 13 years--assuming they paid taxes, passed background checks, and stayed out of legal trouble--they could have qualified for citizenship. Those who were brought to the U.S. as children, like Polanco, would have been able to earn citizenship after five years. Each year, about 65,000 undocumented students who have lived in the U.S. for five or more years graduate from American high schools. And then their lack of legal status keeps them out of higher education, the work force, and the military. Allowing these young people to live and work here without fear could increase federal revenue by $2.3 billion over 10 years, according to the Congressional Budget Office and the Joint Committee on Taxation. Stopgap measures, executive actions, and partisan standoffs don't cut it anymore as policy for a country that was literally built by immigrants. The business case for immigration reform is clear and compelling. It's long since time for politicians on both sides of the aisle to look at the facts--and beyond the unfounded fears--about immigration and start enacting pragmatic solutions. "For many years, the U.S. was the best place in the world to go start a company," says Jason Wiens, a policy director at the Kauffman Foundation. "If we don't provide ways for these people to stay here and create companies, we're going to lose out." adam bluestein is a Burlington, Vermont–based journalist and regular contributor to Inc. He wrote a guide to Obamacare for the December 2013/January 2014 issue. lead Immigrant founders started 52 percent of all new Silicon Valley companies between 1995 and 2005. anurag jain, prepay nation Jain came to the U.S. from India with his wife in 2001. His $110 million company, Prepay Nation, helps immigrants send money back home. "Being an immigrant myself obviously helps me understand the issues and the pain most immigrants go through," he says. lead $775 $126 The Immigrant EffectImmigrants are crucial to the health of the U.S. economy, launching startups at ahigher rate than those who were born here. •••• 40 million Approximate numberof immigrants living in the U.S. 21 2x Immigrants start businesses at twice the rate of native-born citizens. +50% Change in the number of immigrant businesses from 1996 to 2011. -10% Change in the number of native-born businesses startedduring that time. Nearly 12 million of them are undocumented. PERCENT of Inc. 500CEOs--leaders of the fastest-growing private companiesin the United States--were born outside the U.S. BILLION Estimated gross annual salesgenerated byimmigrant-owned businesses. billion Estimated annual wages paid to Americans who work at immigrant-run companies. Anna Grove/getty lead Derek Cha, sweetfrog In 1977, at age 12, Cha arrived from South Korea with his parents. These days, the chain of 350 frozen-yogurt shops he founded has annual revenue of $34 million. "I don't believe in handouts from the government," he says. continued on page 100 • • immigrant entrepreneurscontinued from page 50 Immigrant businesses are 60 percent more likely to export, a key factor to U.S. economic growth in recent years. PRINTED IN THE USA. COPYRIGHT ©2015 BY Mansueto Ventures LLC. All rights reserved. INC. (ISSN 0162-8968) is published monthly, except for combined July/August and December/January issues, by Mansueto Ventures LLC, 7 World Trade Center, New York, NY 10007-2195. Subscription rate for U.S. and Possessions, $19 per year. Address all subscription correspondence to Inc. magazine, P.O. Box 3136, Harlan, IA 51593-0202; 800-234-0999; icmcustserv@cdsfulfillment.com (U.S., Canada, International). Please allow at least six weeks for change of address. 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A method for "incid" does not exist. [1] => Problem initializing. A method for "imgid" does not exist. ) [sort] => ) ) ) Article Object ( [inc_foreignid] => [inc_title] => Penny Pritzker on Immigration and Why Female Entrepreneurs are So Critical [inc_headline_prefix] => [inc_headline] => Penny Pritzker on Immigration: 'It's a Moral Issue' [inc_homepage_headline] => [inc_homepage_headline_ab_test] => [inc_lander_headline] => [inc_sharing_headline] => Penny Pritzker on Immigration: 'It's a Moral Issue' [inc_twitter_headline] => Penny Pritzker on Immigration: 'It's a Moral Issue' [inc_column_name_override] => [inc_reference_name] => [inc_custom_byline] => [inc_typid] => 1 [inc_autid] => [inc_deck] => The Secretary of Commerce broke away from her busy schedule at the Global Entrepreneurship Summit in Morocco to talk about immigration reform, and how businesses can be agents for change. [inc_homepage_deck] => The Secretary of Commerce broke away from her busy schedule at the Global Entrepreneurship Summit in Morocco to talk about immigration reform, and how businesses can be agents for change [inc_lander_deck] => [inc_sharing_deck] => [inc_image_caption_override] => [inc_show_feature_imageflag] => TRUE [inc_pubdate] => 2014-11-20 17:16:32 [inc_promo_date] => 2014-11-20 17:16:34 [inc_custom_pubdate] => [inc_meta_keywords] => Global Entrepreneurship Summit, Global Entrepreneurship Week, Penny Pritzker, Commerce Secretary, Obama, Immigration, Women entrepreneurs, Global entrepreneurs [inc_custom_additional_description] => [inc_filelocation] => jeremy-quittner/conversation-with-penny-pritzker-at-global-entrepreneurship-conference.html [inc_override_url] => [inc_custom_header] => [inc_custom_css] => [inc_custom_javascript] => [inc_display_videos_as_playlistflag] => FALSE [inc_autoplay_videoflag] => TRUE [inc_display_video_at_bottomflag] => FALSE [inc_hide_video_prerollflag] => FALSE [inc_clean_text] =>

It's not often you get to have a conversation with U.S. Secretary of Commerce Penny Pritzker, the Chicagoland billionaire and serial entrepreneur. But Pritzker agreed to carve out some time for me this afternoon.

Whereas the Treasury Secretary tends to get all the glory with really big fiscal events affecting the U.S., it's the Commerce Secretary who's in the trenches, dealing with issues that affect small businesses more directly.

Pritzker, who has held the cabinet position for the past year-and-a-half, was on site in Marrakech, Morocco, where she was attending the Global Entrepreneurship Summit, along with Vice President Joseph Biden. The summit, created by the Obama administration to help foster small business growth worldwide, is in its fifth year.

We spoke about prospects for global business in the year ahead, the importance of women entrepreneurs, and the pending executive order on immigration.

Following is an edited transcript of our conversation.

How are things going at the summit this year?

Penny Pritzker: It is going great and it's a ton of fun. There is nothing more inspirational than meeting entrepreneurs and listening to what they are doing. There's everything from someone in Nigeria making purses and selling them globally on the Web, to someone who has an app for how to do ride sharing in Gaza, to a woman who has a successful coffee business here in Morocco who wants to know how to scale, as well as new technologies and medical devices that are being created here. I did a round table with the vice president, and one with all women entrepreneurs, and the vibe is so up and positive. People are seeking mentors, or trying to understand and how they can get access to capital, and they're doing all sorts of problem-solving.

Technology and how it affects global enterprise is one of the major conference themes. What are the big takeaways?

PP: I am struck by how technology is a part of everyone's business here, whether it is the lady manufacturing the purses and selling them around the world, or someone who has created an app or the person who has created a medical device that depends on technology. The need to use technology is ubiquitous, and the literacy is really impressive. We should not kid ourselves; there is enormous capability globally.

How can global entrepreneurship summits create change in more troubled parts of the world?

PP: I have been sitting in round tables with entrepreneurs from Egypt to Tunisia and Nigeria and Lebanon, and these are people who seem semi-removed from the fact their countries are having turmoil. And it's their optimism and the fact they see there are challenges that their innovation can address that is really exciting. Entrepreneurs can be change agents for the better in these countries, and entrepreneurship can be a job creator, and we are seeing this in action right here.

The importance of women entrepreneurs is another theme of the summit. What have you learned?

PP: Female entrepreneurs are critical to building a stronger economy and a healthier global society. They will spend more of the money they've earn on their families and education, and they are a force for good in society, whether it is in the U.S. or around the world. What I am struck by is issues that I hear women talk to me about throughout my career, and the ones I am hearing women talk about here at this conference are the same. They are: How do I manage my time? How do I get better access to capital?  I need a mentor. Where do I get an education? Or, I can't afford to get an MBA because I need to build my business, so I need access to online education, or quick education. These are the same questions asked around the world.

Immigration reform is the hot topic today. Can you address its importance to entrepreneurs?

PP: Well, let's look at the data--40 percent of Fortune 500 companies were started by immigrants or their children, and immigrants create about 28 percent of new businesses, although they only make up about 13 percent of the population. We know if the Senate bill would pass, it would add $1.4 trillion to our economy over the next 20 years. Immigration reform is needed, it's a moral issue. The president is trying to come up with an accountable way to address this through an executive action, because frankly he has been waiting for Congress to act. Ultimately an executive action is a step in the right direction, but it's not comparable to the way Congress could make comprehensive reform. Our country needs to deal with its broken immigration system. I've met with 1,300 business leaders around the U.S. during my 17 months in the office, and every one them supports immigration reform because of its economic benefits, and because there is a moral side to it.

Given the global economic slowdown, what do you think the prospects are for small businesses in the year ahead, both at home and abroad?

PP: In terms of the greater global economy, this is the reason we are here. We are here trying to grow entrepreneurship, because America leads the world in entrepreneurship, and other countries know they need to be creating an environment that supports small business getting started so they can grow their economies. This conference is a reaffirmation of what we know--innovation and entrepreneurship are really important for global economic growth. It's not just in the U.S.

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Immigrants in the country illegally already are flooding attorneys' offices with calls to see if they can qualify under President Barack Obama's yet-to-be-announced plan to shield as many as 5 million immigrants from deportation.

Obama said he'll reveal the long-awaited order on Thursday. Alex Galvez, an immigration lawyer in Los Angeles, said he's going to need to add phone lines to keep up with the demand. Orange County, California-based immigration lawyer Annaluisa Padilla said she's getting twice as many calls as usual since buzz intensified over the plan, which would also grant the immigrants work permits.

"It's like the golden ticket," she said. "Everybody who is calling my office is asking how can I get a work permit under Obama's program? I am like, there is no Obama program yet."

Obama is expected to take executive action to protect many of the estimated 11 million people in the country illegally from deportation after Congress failed to pass an immigration overhaul. Republicans are vehemently opposed to the president's likely actions, with some conservative members threatening to pursue a government shutdown if he follows through on his promises to act on immigration before the end of the year.

While Obama has yet to reveal the details of his administrative order, immigrant advocates are gearing up to help millions determine if they are eligible to apply and steer them clear of fraudulent consultants and so-called notarios, who have been known to take immigrants' money and promise to deliver even when they don't qualify for benefits.

Immigrant advocacy groups in Southern California are planning workshops to inform community members about the order, including a 12,000-person forum at the Los Angeles Convention Center in mid-December, said Jorge-Mario Cabrera, a spokesman for the Coalition for Humane Immigrant Rights of Los Angeles.

The New Mexico Immigrant Law Center is planning a to start a text messaging system targeting immigrants across the state, especially those in rural areas where legal services might not be easily accessible. Immigrant advocates in Florida are planning the same, and will also start a hotline in English and Spanish to keep community members informed.

In New York, immigration lawyers and nonprofits are preparing to hold clinics to help screen immigrants for the program.

Mayra Gallegos, a 33-year-old mother of two and trained nurse, is pinning her hopes on Obama's plan. She came from Mexico a decade ago to join her husband, who has since gotten a green card. Her younger son was born here, and is an American. But she and her elder son have not been able to get their papers.

"What Obama is going to do, if he does it, would really help me and my son," said Gallegos, who hopes to find a job as a nurse should she receive a work permit. "We're always watching to see if there's any news."

But some advocates warned immigrants not to get their hopes up yet--especially with lawmakers threatening to thwart Obama's plan.

"What I am telling my families to do is be prepared for war. We're going to see a legislative arm do whatever they can to stop the president," said Jessica Dominguez, an immigration attorney in Southern California. "I am not going to let my community be saddened again by words. We need action."

--Associated Press 

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The midterm elections are only days away, and one of the big, lingering issues that many fast growth companies and their supporters still confront is immigration reform.

But chances for comprehensive reform are dwindling, even as new reports of abuses of the H1B system for skilled foreign workers surface. Inaction, policy analysts and business groups suggest, is likely to constrain company growth due to limits on the numbers of qualified workers who can get visas to work for U.S. companies.

"It remains a really hard issue regardless [of whether] the Senate changes hands," says Emily Lam, senior director of federal issues for the Silicon Valley Leadership Group, which supports comprehensive immigration reform. "Key House members will have constituents really upset and trying to vote them out of office for supporting immigration reform."

Where things stand

To recap, immigration reform had seemed on the verge of passing just a few short months ago. In 2013, the Senate, by a substantial majority, approved a bill that would have eased visa caps and created a path to citizenship for many undocumented workers. The House shelved that bill this winter, and since then there's been very little discussion.

Although President Obama is reportedly considering tweaks to the green card granting process through an executive order, which could result in more green cards for qualified workers, observers are unsure whether that would hinder or hurt the larger process.

"It's a big wild card," says Craig Regelbrugge, senior vice president of industry advocacy and research for AmericanHort, a trade group representing the U.S. agricultural and horticultural industry. Agricultural industry lobbyists and lobbyists for the technology industry have often worked together for passage of comprehensive immigration reform. (There are roughly 2 million farm workers in the U.S., and conservative estimates suggest more than half are undocumented, Regelbrugge says.)

A bold presidential order could infuriate House Republicans, Regelbrugge says, or it could spur them to action on their own agenda. Regardless, momentum for immigration reform will have to come from the House after the midterms, since the House handed the Senate a defeat on the issue earlier this year.

"If Republicans pick up [a forecast] eight seats, the fundamental challenge does not change, and its likely the representatives coming in will be more negative on the immigration issue," Regelbrugge says.

High-skilled worker conundrum

Currently the number of H1B visas for skilled foreign workers is capped at around 65,000 annually. About 20,000 additional visas are available for workers getting advanced degrees in U.S. universities. But there is no clear path to citizenship after the H1B, and the yearly lottery for the prized visas is swamped with applicants.

And in a red-hot growth environment for tech startups, the need for highly-skilled employees is paramount.

One such company is ViralHeat, a social media analytics company based in Santa Clara, California. Founded by immigrant entrepreneur Vishal Sankhla three years ago, ViralHeat is rapidly growing, with 35 workers. Sankhla himself struggled for 13 years to get a green card, he says, despite creating numerous high-paying jobs for engineers and others at his company. And he currently struggles to find the workers he needs.

He hired one qualified engineer on a temporary work visa--the employee had just received a masters degree in computer engineering at a U.S. university--but the worker did not get an H1B visa in the lottery, because he was competing with hundreds of thousands of applicants, Sankhla says.

"We will have to start all over again and will need find a replacement in one-and-a-half years," if the worker doesn't get an H1B next year, Sankhla says.

More than anything, though, Sankhla says he wishes the issues of undocumented workers and documented foreign workers were separated, because the political outcry is often aimed against workers who are here legally.

"It makes it harder for the issue of legal workers to be taken care of properly," Sankhla says.

Among the issues that documented workers face, as reported on by the Center for Investigative Reporting, is visa fraud perpetrated by job brokers in the U.S. Such middlemen, who provide staffing to some of the largest U.S. tech firms, often entrap overseas workers seeking H1B permits. These workers, typically from India or other poor Asian countries, usually get jobs at U.S. tech companies for a fraction of the going rate for engineers. And they are slapped with punitive lawsuits, disguised as breaches of contract for upwards of $50,000, if they attempt to change jobs.

"The current system allows this to happen," Sankhla says. "That needs to be changed."

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All presentations should tell a narrative that includes a beginning middle, and end. The first part of your presentation should always present the problem; ask yourself, 'what are we going to solve today?' The middle of the presentation should present your key findings, but they should always tie back into the central issue you want to solve. By the end of the presentation, your audience should feel like they've learned something, and that they have a better understanding of the solution.

Often, there's a tendency to overcomplicate a presentation slide with flashy images, quirky transitions, and too much text. These features are often unnecessary, and tend to make the viewer tune out. "It becomes like wallpaper," says Jim Confalone, the founder and creative director of ProPoint Graphics, a graphic design studio based in New York City. 'Their eyes will glaze over.' Instead, keep each slide free of clutter, using one image to sell your idea. Using bullets are a bit of a cliché, but if you must use them, never exceed one line of text per bullet.

Whether you're pitching a new business idea to investors or describing a new product to customers, you'll want your presentation to reinforce your brand's image. Use the same color schemes, fonts, and logos that you use on your website or company literature. 'There's an assumption of what a PowerPoint is supposed to look like, and company standards fall through the floor,' Confalone says. Don't let that happen to you. Treat the presentation as you would any advertising or marketing campaign. In other words, don't skimp!

According to a recent research paper from University of Tennessee, the average adult attention span for a presentation is just 20 minutes. It's always best to keep your presentations short and to the point, but if you must exceed the recommended 20 minutes, try giving your audience a moment to relax. 'You can prolong attention spans by periodically giving your audience a rest,' the study says. 'This can be done by telling a story, giving a demo, or doing something else that gives the brain a break.' Steve Jobs offers a perfect example: during a recent presentation, Jobs pulled up a blank slide—not as a mistake—but as a way for people to relax and maintain their focus.

In the end, a great presentation will come down to the speaker's ability to capture the audience's imagination—and keep their attention. The presentation and the speaker should work together, meaning the slides should complement the speaker, and the speaker should complement the slides. The best presenters won't have to look down at notes, and they'll never be reading from a script. Focus on the key points, and let handouts or packets outline the minutia. A good speaker can convey information well; a great speaker will sell an idea.

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[end] => [escape] => ) [2] => Array ( [start] => /* [end] => */ [escape] => ) ) [server_capabilities_checked] => 1 [start_transaction] => 1 [varchar_max_length] => 65532 [db_index] => 1 [dsn] => Array ( [phptype] => mysql [dbsyntax] => mysql [username] => inccom [password] => b4Fjf2jaFLfc [protocol] => tcp [hostspec] => MYDB [port] => [socket] => [database] => [mode] => ) [connected_dsn] => Array ( [phptype] => mysql [dbsyntax] => mysql [username] => inccom [password] => b4Fjf2jaFLfc [protocol] => tcp [hostspec] => MYDB [port] => [socket] => [database] => [mode] => ) [connection] => Resource id #7 [opened_persistent] => [database_name] => sitecontent [connected_database_name] => sitecontent [connected_server_info] => 5.5.38-35.2-log [supported] => Array ( [sequences] => emulated [indexes] => 1 [affected_rows] => 1 [summary_functions] => 1 [order_by_text] => 1 [transactions] => 1 [savepoints] => 1 [current_id] => emulated [limit_queries] => 1 [LOBs] => 1 [replace] => 1 [sub_selects] => 1 [triggers] => 1 [auto_increment] => 1 [primary_key] => 1 [result_introspection] => 1 [prepared_statements] => 1 [identifier_quoting] => 1 [pattern_escaping] => 1 [new_link] => 1 ) [options] => Array ( [ssl] => [field_case] => 0 [disable_query] => [result_class] => MDB2_Result_%s [buffered_result_class] => MDB2_BufferedResult_%s [result_wrap_class] => [result_buffering] => 1 [fetch_class] => stdClass [persistent] => [debug] => 0 [debug_handler] => MDB2_defaultDebugOutput [debug_expanded_output] => [default_text_field_length] => 4096 [lob_buffer_length] => 8192 [log_line_break] => [idxname_format] => %s_idx [seqname_format] => %s_seq [savepoint_format] => MDB2_SAVEPOINT_%s [statement_format] => MDB2_STATEMENT_%1$s_%2$s [seqcol_name] => sequence [quote_identifier] => [use_transactions] => 1 [decimal_places] => 2 [portability] => 127 [modules] => Array ( [ex] => Extended [dt] => Datatype [mg] => Manager [rv] => Reverse [na] => Native [fc] => Function ) [emulate_prepared] => [datatype_map] => Array ( ) [datatype_map_callback] => Array ( ) [nativetype_map_callback] => Array ( ) [lob_allow_url_include] => [bindname_format] => (?:\d+)|(?:[a-zA-Z][a-zA-Z0-9_]*) [max_identifiers_length] => 64 [default_fk_action_onupdate] => RESTRICT [default_fk_action_ondelete] => RESTRICT [DBA_username] => [DBA_password] => [default_table_type] => ) [wildcards] => Array ( [0] => % [1] => _ ) [as_keyword] => AS [warnings] => Array ( ) [debug_output] => [in_transaction] => [nested_transaction_counter] => [has_transaction_error] => [offset] => 0 [limit] => 0 [phptype] => mysql [dbsyntax] => mysql [last_query] => SELECT * FROM article_image INNER JOIN image ON article_image.imgid = image.id WHERE article_image.incid = '43770' ORDER BY article_image.sortorder [fetchmode] => 1 [modules] => Array ( ) [destructor_registered] => 1 [_debug] => [_default_error_mode] => [_default_error_options] => [_default_error_handler] => [_error_class] => PEAR_Error [_expected_errors] => Array ( ) ) [time_created] => [time_updated] => [id] => 43770 [sortorder] => [tbl] => article [fields] => [application_path] => /public_web_sites/www.inc.com/reflex/ [core_application_url] => http://www.inc.com/ [incid1] => 43545 [incid2] => 43770 [sort] => [largeformat] => FALSE [baseurl] => http://www.inc.com/ [timestamp] => [homepage_headline] => Is Your Company an IT Company at Heart? [homepage_headline2] => Is Your Company an IT Company at Heart? [homepage_deck] => [lightfeatureimage] => FALSE [imagelist_primary] => Array ( [11785] => Image Object ( [img_foreignkey] => [img_reference_name] => __DO NOT USE__Thinking, working on computer, dark with papers [img_caption] => [img_alt_text] => [img_custom_credit] => [img_custom_meta_data] => [img_phoid] => 2 [img_ityid] => 1 [img_bucketref] => on-computer-thinking-bkt.jpg [img_bucket_dimx] => 336 [img_bucket_dimy] => 336 [img_f1imageref] => on-computer-thinking-f1.jpg [img_panoramicref] => on-computer-thinking-pan.jpg [img_pan_dimx] => 575 [img_pan_dimy] => 270 [img_light_imageflag] => FALSE [img_tile_override_imageref] => [img_skyscraperref] => [img_sky_dimx] => [img_sky_dimy] => [img_super_panoramicref] => [img_gallery_imageref] => [img_full_screen_ref] => on-computer-thinking-pop.jpg [img_custom_cropref] => [img_full_text] => [img_tags] => [img_notes] => [img_gettyflag] => FALSE [dbObj] => MDB2_Driver_mysql Object ( [string_quoting] => Array ( [start] => ' [end] => ' [escape] => \ [escape_pattern] => \ ) [identifier_quoting] => Array ( [start] => ` [end] => ` [escape] => ` ) [sql_comments] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [start] => -- [end] => [escape] => ) [1] => Array ( [start] => # [end] => [escape] => ) [2] => Array ( [start] => /* [end] => */ [escape] => ) ) [server_capabilities_checked] => 1 [start_transaction] => 1 [varchar_max_length] => 65532 [db_index] => 1 [dsn] => Array ( [phptype] => mysql [dbsyntax] => mysql [username] => inccom [password] => b4Fjf2jaFLfc [protocol] => tcp [hostspec] => MYDB [port] => [socket] => [database] => [mode] => ) [connected_dsn] => Array ( [phptype] => mysql [dbsyntax] => mysql [username] => inccom [password] => b4Fjf2jaFLfc [protocol] => tcp [hostspec] => MYDB [port] => [socket] => [database] => [mode] => ) [connection] => Resource id #7 [opened_persistent] => [database_name] => sitecontent [connected_database_name] => sitecontent [connected_server_info] => 5.5.38-35.2-log [supported] => Array ( [sequences] => emulated [indexes] => 1 [affected_rows] => 1 [summary_functions] => 1 [order_by_text] => 1 [transactions] => 1 [savepoints] => 1 [current_id] => emulated [limit_queries] => 1 [LOBs] => 1 [replace] => 1 [sub_selects] => 1 [triggers] => 1 [auto_increment] => 1 [primary_key] => 1 [result_introspection] => 1 [prepared_statements] => 1 [identifier_quoting] => 1 [pattern_escaping] => 1 [new_link] => 1 ) [options] => Array ( [ssl] => [field_case] => 0 [disable_query] => [result_class] => MDB2_Result_%s [buffered_result_class] => MDB2_BufferedResult_%s [result_wrap_class] => [result_buffering] => 1 [fetch_class] => stdClass [persistent] => [debug] => 0 [debug_handler] => MDB2_defaultDebugOutput [debug_expanded_output] => [default_text_field_length] => 4096 [lob_buffer_length] => 8192 [log_line_break] => [idxname_format] => %s_idx [seqname_format] => %s_seq [savepoint_format] => MDB2_SAVEPOINT_%s [statement_format] => MDB2_STATEMENT_%1$s_%2$s [seqcol_name] => sequence [quote_identifier] => [use_transactions] => 1 [decimal_places] => 2 [portability] => 127 [modules] => Array ( [ex] => Extended [dt] => Datatype [mg] => Manager [rv] => Reverse [na] => Native [fc] => Function ) [emulate_prepared] => [datatype_map] => Array ( ) [datatype_map_callback] => Array ( ) [nativetype_map_callback] => Array ( ) [lob_allow_url_include] => [bindname_format] => (?:\d+)|(?:[a-zA-Z][a-zA-Z0-9_]*) [max_identifiers_length] => 64 [default_fk_action_onupdate] => RESTRICT [default_fk_action_ondelete] => RESTRICT [DBA_username] => [DBA_password] => [default_table_type] => ) [wildcards] => Array ( [0] => % [1] => _ ) [as_keyword] => AS [warnings] => Array ( ) [debug_output] => [in_transaction] => [nested_transaction_counter] => [has_transaction_error] => [offset] => 0 [limit] => 0 [phptype] => mysql [dbsyntax] => mysql [last_query] => SELECT * FROM article_image INNER JOIN image ON article_image.imgid = image.id WHERE article_image.incid = '43770' ORDER BY article_image.sortorder [fetchmode] => 1 [modules] => Array ( ) [destructor_registered] => 1 [_debug] => [_default_error_mode] => [_default_error_options] => [_default_error_handler] => [_error_class] => PEAR_Error [_expected_errors] => Array ( ) ) [time_created] => 2011-11-17 17:30:00 [time_updated] => 2013-08-23 16:25:38 [id] => 11785 [sortorder] => [tbl] => image [fields] => [application_path] => /public_web_sites/www.inc.com/reflex/ [core_application_url] => http://www.inc.com/ [error] => Array ( [0] => Problem initializing. A method for "incid" does not exist. [1] => Problem initializing. A method for "imgid" does not exist. ) [sort] => ) ) ) Article Object ( [inc_foreignid] => [inc_title] => Survey of Inc. 500 CEOs: Who They Are [inc_headline_prefix] => [inc_headline] => Who They Are [inc_homepage_headline] => Inside the Lives of Extraordinary CEOs [inc_homepage_headline_ab_test] => [inc_lander_headline] => [inc_sharing_headline] => [inc_twitter_headline] => [inc_column_name_override] => [inc_reference_name] => [inc_custom_byline] => [inc_typid] => 13 [inc_autid] => [inc_deck] => [inc_homepage_deck] => [inc_lander_deck] => [inc_sharing_deck] => [inc_image_caption_override] => [inc_show_feature_imageflag] => [inc_pubdate] => 2012-08-22 14:00:00 [inc_promo_date] => [inc_custom_pubdate] => [inc_meta_keywords] => [inc_custom_additional_description] => [inc_filelocation] => magazine/201209/inc-staff/survey-of-inc-500-ceos-who-they-are.html [inc_override_url] => [inc_custom_header] => [inc_custom_css] => [inc_custom_javascript] => [inc_display_videos_as_playlistflag] => [inc_autoplay_videoflag] => [inc_display_video_at_bottomflag] => [inc_hide_video_prerollflag] => [inc_clean_text] => [inc_code_only_text] => [inc_notepad] => [inc_toolbar_text] => [inc_read_more_override] => [inc_show_read_moreflag] => [inc_custom_sidebar_head] => [inc_sidebar_adcodeflag] => [inc_custom_sidebar] => [inc_custom_footer] => [inc_full_width_footerflag] => [inc_show_pinboardflag] => [inc_staid] => 8 [inc_premiumflag] => [inc_newsworthyflag] => FALSE [inc_standoutflag] => FALSE [inc_evergreen_contentflag] => [inc_homepage_riverflag] => [inc_comment_alert] => [inc_copyeditedflag] => FALSE [inc_activeflag] => [inc_hide_bucket_imageflag] => [inc_hide_article_sidebarflag] => [inc_hide_commentsflag] => [inc_show_social_linksflag] => [inc_prtid] => [inc_canonical_url] => [inc_serid] => [inc_registration_requiredflag] => [inc_use_narrow_navflag] => [inc_no_cacheflag] => [inc_eopid] => [inc_tracking_pixel_url] => [inc_custom_adzone] => [inc_imu_style_image_overrideref] => [inc_imu_style_image_override_ab_testref] => [inc_tile_tracking_pixel_url] => [inc_alchemyupdatetime] => [owner_admid] => [inc_f1temp] => [inc_alchemyentityxml] => [inc_alchemykeywordxml] => [dbObj] => MDB2_Driver_mysql Object ( [string_quoting] => Array ( [start] => ' [end] => ' [escape] => \ [escape_pattern] => \ ) [identifier_quoting] => Array ( [start] => ` [end] => ` [escape] => ` ) [sql_comments] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [start] => -- [end] => [escape] => ) [1] => Array ( [start] => # [end] => [escape] => ) [2] => Array ( [start] => /* [end] => */ [escape] => ) ) [server_capabilities_checked] => 1 [start_transaction] => 1 [varchar_max_length] => 65532 [db_index] => 1 [dsn] => Array ( [phptype] => mysql [dbsyntax] => mysql [username] => inccom [password] => b4Fjf2jaFLfc [protocol] => tcp [hostspec] => MYDB [port] => [socket] => [database] => [mode] => ) [connected_dsn] => Array ( [phptype] => mysql [dbsyntax] => mysql [username] => inccom [password] => b4Fjf2jaFLfc [protocol] => tcp [hostspec] => MYDB [port] => [socket] => [database] => [mode] => ) [connection] => Resource id #7 [opened_persistent] => [database_name] => sitecontent [connected_database_name] => sitecontent [connected_server_info] => 5.5.38-35.2-log [supported] => Array ( [sequences] => emulated [indexes] => 1 [affected_rows] => 1 [summary_functions] => 1 [order_by_text] => 1 [transactions] => 1 [savepoints] => 1 [current_id] => emulated [limit_queries] => 1 [LOBs] => 1 [replace] => 1 [sub_selects] => 1 [triggers] => 1 [auto_increment] => 1 [primary_key] => 1 [result_introspection] => 1 [prepared_statements] => 1 [identifier_quoting] => 1 [pattern_escaping] => 1 [new_link] => 1 ) [options] => Array ( [ssl] => [field_case] => 0 [disable_query] => [result_class] => MDB2_Result_%s [buffered_result_class] => MDB2_BufferedResult_%s [result_wrap_class] => [result_buffering] => 1 [fetch_class] => stdClass [persistent] => [debug] => 0 [debug_handler] => MDB2_defaultDebugOutput [debug_expanded_output] => [default_text_field_length] => 4096 [lob_buffer_length] => 8192 [log_line_break] => [idxname_format] => %s_idx [seqname_format] => %s_seq [savepoint_format] => MDB2_SAVEPOINT_%s [statement_format] => MDB2_STATEMENT_%1$s_%2$s [seqcol_name] => sequence [quote_identifier] => [use_transactions] => 1 [decimal_places] => 2 [portability] => 127 [modules] => Array ( [ex] => Extended [dt] => Datatype [mg] => Manager [rv] => Reverse [na] => Native [fc] => Function ) [emulate_prepared] => [datatype_map] => Array ( ) [datatype_map_callback] => Array ( ) [nativetype_map_callback] => Array ( ) [lob_allow_url_include] => [bindname_format] => (?:\d+)|(?:[a-zA-Z][a-zA-Z0-9_]*) [max_identifiers_length] => 64 [default_fk_action_onupdate] => RESTRICT [default_fk_action_ondelete] => RESTRICT [DBA_username] => [DBA_password] => [default_table_type] => ) [wildcards] => Array ( [0] => % [1] => _ ) [as_keyword] => AS [warnings] => Array ( ) [debug_output] => [in_transaction] => [nested_transaction_counter] => [has_transaction_error] => [offset] => 0 [limit] => 0 [phptype] => mysql [dbsyntax] => mysql [last_query] => SELECT * FROM article_image INNER JOIN image ON article_image.imgid = image.id WHERE article_image.incid = '43846' ORDER BY article_image.sortorder [fetchmode] => 1 [modules] => Array ( ) [destructor_registered] => 1 [_debug] => [_default_error_mode] => [_default_error_options] => [_default_error_handler] => [_error_class] => PEAR_Error [_expected_errors] => Array ( ) ) [time_created] => [time_updated] => [id] => 43846 [sortorder] => [tbl] => article [fields] => [application_path] => /public_web_sites/www.inc.com/reflex/ [core_application_url] => http://www.inc.com/ [incid1] => 43545 [incid2] => 43846 [sort] => [largeformat] => FALSE [baseurl] => http://www.inc.com/ [timestamp] => [homepage_headline] => Inside the Lives of Extraordinary CEOs [homepage_headline2] => Inside the Lives of Extraordinary CEOs [homepage_deck] => [lightfeatureimage] => FALSE [imagelist_primary] => Array ( [19978] => Image Object ( [img_foreignkey] => [img_reference_name] => CEO Survey Pan/Bkt [img_caption] => [img_alt_text] => CEO Survey Pan/Bkt [img_custom_credit] => [img_custom_meta_data] => [img_phoid] => [img_ityid] => 1 [img_bucketref] => 082412_Survey_Says_800x800-BKT.jpg [img_bucket_dimx] => 800 [img_bucket_dimy] => 800 [img_f1imageref] => [img_panoramicref] => 082412_Survey_Says_1725x810-PAN.jpg [img_pan_dimx] => 1725 [img_pan_dimy] => 810 [img_light_imageflag] => FALSE [img_tile_override_imageref] => [img_skyscraperref] => [img_sky_dimx] => [img_sky_dimy] => [img_super_panoramicref] => [img_gallery_imageref] => [img_full_screen_ref] => [img_custom_cropref] => [img_full_text] => [img_tags] => CEO, Survey, Inc. 5000, Inc. 500 [img_notes] => [img_gettyflag] => FALSE [dbObj] => MDB2_Driver_mysql Object ( [string_quoting] => Array ( [start] => ' [end] => ' [escape] => \ [escape_pattern] => \ ) [identifier_quoting] => Array ( [start] => ` [end] => ` [escape] => ` ) [sql_comments] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [start] => -- [end] => [escape] => ) [1] => Array ( [start] => # [end] => [escape] => ) [2] => Array ( [start] => /* [end] => */ [escape] => ) ) [server_capabilities_checked] => 1 [start_transaction] => 1 [varchar_max_length] => 65532 [db_index] => 1 [dsn] => Array ( [phptype] => mysql [dbsyntax] => mysql [username] => inccom [password] => b4Fjf2jaFLfc [protocol] => tcp [hostspec] => MYDB [port] => [socket] => [database] => [mode] => ) [connected_dsn] => Array ( [phptype] => mysql [dbsyntax] => mysql [username] => inccom [password] => b4Fjf2jaFLfc [protocol] => tcp [hostspec] => MYDB [port] => [socket] => [database] => [mode] => ) [connection] => Resource id #7 [opened_persistent] => [database_name] => sitecontent [connected_database_name] => sitecontent [connected_server_info] => 5.5.38-35.2-log [supported] => Array ( [sequences] => emulated [indexes] => 1 [affected_rows] => 1 [summary_functions] => 1 [order_by_text] => 1 [transactions] => 1 [savepoints] => 1 [current_id] => emulated [limit_queries] => 1 [LOBs] => 1 [replace] => 1 [sub_selects] => 1 [triggers] => 1 [auto_increment] => 1 [primary_key] => 1 [result_introspection] => 1 [prepared_statements] => 1 [identifier_quoting] => 1 [pattern_escaping] => 1 [new_link] => 1 ) [options] => Array ( [ssl] => [field_case] => 0 [disable_query] => [result_class] => MDB2_Result_%s [buffered_result_class] => MDB2_BufferedResult_%s [result_wrap_class] => [result_buffering] => 1 [fetch_class] => stdClass [persistent] => [debug] => 0 [debug_handler] => MDB2_defaultDebugOutput [debug_expanded_output] => [default_text_field_length] => 4096 [lob_buffer_length] => 8192 [log_line_break] => [idxname_format] => %s_idx [seqname_format] => %s_seq [savepoint_format] => MDB2_SAVEPOINT_%s [statement_format] => MDB2_STATEMENT_%1$s_%2$s [seqcol_name] => sequence [quote_identifier] => [use_transactions] => 1 [decimal_places] => 2 [portability] => 127 [modules] => Array ( [ex] => Extended [dt] => Datatype [mg] => Manager [rv] => Reverse [na] => Native [fc] => Function ) [emulate_prepared] => [datatype_map] => Array ( ) [datatype_map_callback] => Array ( ) [nativetype_map_callback] => Array ( ) [lob_allow_url_include] => [bindname_format] => (?:\d+)|(?:[a-zA-Z][a-zA-Z0-9_]*) [max_identifiers_length] => 64 [default_fk_action_onupdate] => RESTRICT [default_fk_action_ondelete] => RESTRICT [DBA_username] => [DBA_password] => [default_table_type] => ) [wildcards] => Array ( [0] => % [1] => _ ) [as_keyword] => AS [warnings] => Array ( ) [debug_output] => [in_transaction] => [nested_transaction_counter] => [has_transaction_error] => [offset] => 0 [limit] => 0 [phptype] => mysql [dbsyntax] => mysql [last_query] => SELECT * FROM article_image INNER JOIN image ON article_image.imgid = image.id WHERE article_image.incid = '43846' ORDER BY article_image.sortorder [fetchmode] => 1 [modules] => Array ( ) [destructor_registered] => 1 [_debug] => [_default_error_mode] => [_default_error_options] => [_default_error_handler] => [_error_class] => PEAR_Error [_expected_errors] => Array ( ) ) [time_created] => 2012-08-24 09:52:47 [time_updated] => 2013-06-11 18:58:47 [id] => 19978 [sortorder] => [tbl] => image [fields] => [application_path] => /public_web_sites/www.inc.com/reflex/ [core_application_url] => http://www.inc.com/ [error] => Array ( [0] => Problem initializing. A method for "incid" does not exist. [1] => Problem initializing. A method for "imgid" does not exist. ) [sort] => 0 ) [19752] => Image Object ( [img_foreignkey] => [img_reference_name] => __DO NOT USE__Who They Are [img_caption] => [img_alt_text] => [img_custom_credit] => [img_custom_meta_data] => [img_phoid] => [img_ityid] => 1 [img_bucketref] => [img_bucket_dimx] => [img_bucket_dimy] => [img_f1imageref] => [img_panoramicref] => [img_pan_dimx] => [img_pan_dimy] => [img_light_imageflag] => FALSE [img_tile_override_imageref] => [img_skyscraperref] => [img_sky_dimx] => [img_sky_dimy] => [img_super_panoramicref] => [img_gallery_imageref] => ceochart-whotheyare.png [img_full_screen_ref] => [img_custom_cropref] => [img_full_text] => [img_tags] => [img_notes] => [img_gettyflag] => FALSE [dbObj] => MDB2_Driver_mysql Object ( [string_quoting] => Array ( [start] => ' [end] => ' [escape] => \ [escape_pattern] => \ ) [identifier_quoting] => Array ( [start] => ` [end] => ` [escape] => ` ) [sql_comments] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [start] => -- [end] => [escape] => ) [1] => Array ( [start] => # [end] => [escape] => ) [2] => Array ( [start] => /* [end] => */ [escape] => ) ) [server_capabilities_checked] => 1 [start_transaction] => 1 [varchar_max_length] => 65532 [db_index] => 1 [dsn] => Array ( [phptype] => mysql [dbsyntax] => mysql [username] => inccom [password] => b4Fjf2jaFLfc [protocol] => tcp [hostspec] => MYDB [port] => [socket] => [database] => [mode] => ) [connected_dsn] => Array ( [phptype] => mysql [dbsyntax] => mysql [username] => inccom [password] => b4Fjf2jaFLfc [protocol] => tcp [hostspec] => MYDB [port] => [socket] => [database] => [mode] => ) [connection] => Resource id #7 [opened_persistent] => [database_name] => sitecontent [connected_database_name] => sitecontent [connected_server_info] => 5.5.38-35.2-log [supported] => Array ( [sequences] => emulated [indexes] => 1 [affected_rows] => 1 [summary_functions] => 1 [order_by_text] => 1 [transactions] => 1 [savepoints] => 1 [current_id] => emulated [limit_queries] => 1 [LOBs] => 1 [replace] => 1 [sub_selects] => 1 [triggers] => 1 [auto_increment] => 1 [primary_key] => 1 [result_introspection] => 1 [prepared_statements] => 1 [identifier_quoting] => 1 [pattern_escaping] => 1 [new_link] => 1 ) [options] => Array ( [ssl] => [field_case] => 0 [disable_query] => [result_class] => MDB2_Result_%s [buffered_result_class] => MDB2_BufferedResult_%s [result_wrap_class] => [result_buffering] => 1 [fetch_class] => stdClass [persistent] => [debug] => 0 [debug_handler] => MDB2_defaultDebugOutput [debug_expanded_output] => [default_text_field_length] => 4096 [lob_buffer_length] => 8192 [log_line_break] => [idxname_format] => %s_idx [seqname_format] => %s_seq [savepoint_format] => MDB2_SAVEPOINT_%s [statement_format] => MDB2_STATEMENT_%1$s_%2$s [seqcol_name] => sequence [quote_identifier] => [use_transactions] => 1 [decimal_places] => 2 [portability] => 127 [modules] => Array ( [ex] => Extended [dt] => Datatype [mg] => Manager [rv] => Reverse [na] => Native [fc] => Function ) [emulate_prepared] => [datatype_map] => Array ( ) [datatype_map_callback] => Array ( ) [nativetype_map_callback] => Array ( ) [lob_allow_url_include] => [bindname_format] => (?:\d+)|(?:[a-zA-Z][a-zA-Z0-9_]*) [max_identifiers_length] => 64 [default_fk_action_onupdate] => RESTRICT [default_fk_action_ondelete] => RESTRICT [DBA_username] => [DBA_password] => [default_table_type] => ) [wildcards] => Array ( [0] => % [1] => _ ) [as_keyword] => AS [warnings] => Array ( ) [debug_output] => [in_transaction] => [nested_transaction_counter] => [has_transaction_error] => [offset] => 0 [limit] => 0 [phptype] => mysql [dbsyntax] => mysql [last_query] => SELECT * FROM article_image INNER JOIN image ON article_image.imgid = image.id WHERE article_image.incid = '43846' ORDER BY article_image.sortorder [fetchmode] => 1 [modules] => Array ( ) [destructor_registered] => 1 [_debug] => [_default_error_mode] => [_default_error_options] => [_default_error_handler] => [_error_class] => PEAR_Error [_expected_errors] => Array ( ) ) [time_created] => 2012-08-15 18:59:22 [time_updated] => 2013-08-23 16:32:11 [id] => 19752 [sortorder] => [tbl] => image [fields] => [application_path] => /public_web_sites/www.inc.com/reflex/ [core_application_url] => http://www.inc.com/ [error] => Array ( [0] => Problem initializing. A method for "incid" does not exist. [1] => Problem initializing. A method for "imgid" does not exist. ) [sort] => 1 ) ) ) Article Object ( [inc_foreignid] => [inc_title] => Survey of Inc. 500 CEOs: Who They Are [inc_headline_prefix] => [inc_headline] => Who They Are [inc_homepage_headline] => Inside the Lives of Extraordinary CEOs [inc_homepage_headline_ab_test] => [inc_lander_headline] => [inc_sharing_headline] => [inc_twitter_headline] => [inc_column_name_override] => [inc_reference_name] => [inc_custom_byline] => [inc_typid] => 13 [inc_autid] => [inc_deck] => [inc_homepage_deck] => [inc_lander_deck] => [inc_sharing_deck] => [inc_image_caption_override] => [inc_show_feature_imageflag] => [inc_pubdate] => 2012-08-22 14:00:00 [inc_promo_date] => [inc_custom_pubdate] => [inc_meta_keywords] => [inc_custom_additional_description] => [inc_filelocation] => magazine/201209/inc-staff/survey-of-inc-500-ceos-who-they-are.html [inc_override_url] => [inc_custom_header] => [inc_custom_css] => [inc_custom_javascript] => [inc_display_videos_as_playlistflag] => [inc_autoplay_videoflag] => [inc_display_video_at_bottomflag] => [inc_hide_video_prerollflag] => [inc_clean_text] => [inc_code_only_text] => [inc_notepad] => [inc_toolbar_text] => [inc_read_more_override] => [inc_show_read_moreflag] => [inc_custom_sidebar_head] => [inc_sidebar_adcodeflag] => [inc_custom_sidebar] => [inc_custom_footer] => [inc_full_width_footerflag] => [inc_show_pinboardflag] => [inc_staid] => 8 [inc_premiumflag] => [inc_newsworthyflag] => FALSE [inc_standoutflag] => FALSE [inc_evergreen_contentflag] => [inc_homepage_riverflag] => [inc_comment_alert] => [inc_copyeditedflag] => FALSE [inc_activeflag] => [inc_hide_bucket_imageflag] => [inc_hide_article_sidebarflag] => [inc_hide_commentsflag] => [inc_show_social_linksflag] => [inc_prtid] => [inc_canonical_url] => [inc_serid] => [inc_registration_requiredflag] => [inc_use_narrow_navflag] => [inc_no_cacheflag] => [inc_eopid] => [inc_tracking_pixel_url] => [inc_custom_adzone] => [inc_imu_style_image_overrideref] => [inc_imu_style_image_override_ab_testref] => [inc_tile_tracking_pixel_url] => [inc_alchemyupdatetime] => [owner_admid] => [inc_f1temp] => [inc_alchemyentityxml] => [inc_alchemykeywordxml] => [dbObj] => MDB2_Driver_mysql Object ( [string_quoting] => Array ( [start] => ' [end] => ' [escape] => \ [escape_pattern] => \ ) [identifier_quoting] => Array ( [start] => ` [end] => ` [escape] => ` ) [sql_comments] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [start] => -- [end] => [escape] => ) [1] => Array ( [start] => # [end] => [escape] => ) [2] => Array ( [start] => /* [end] => */ [escape] => ) ) [server_capabilities_checked] => 1 [start_transaction] => 1 [varchar_max_length] => 65532 [db_index] => 1 [dsn] => Array ( [phptype] => mysql [dbsyntax] => mysql [username] => inccom [password] => b4Fjf2jaFLfc [protocol] => tcp [hostspec] => MYDB [port] => [socket] => [database] => [mode] => ) [connected_dsn] => Array ( [phptype] => mysql [dbsyntax] => mysql [username] => inccom [password] => b4Fjf2jaFLfc [protocol] => tcp [hostspec] => MYDB [port] => [socket] => [database] => [mode] => ) [connection] => Resource id #7 [opened_persistent] => [database_name] => sitecontent [connected_database_name] => sitecontent [connected_server_info] => 5.5.38-35.2-log [supported] => Array ( [sequences] => emulated [indexes] => 1 [affected_rows] => 1 [summary_functions] => 1 [order_by_text] => 1 [transactions] => 1 [savepoints] => 1 [current_id] => emulated [limit_queries] => 1 [LOBs] => 1 [replace] => 1 [sub_selects] => 1 [triggers] => 1 [auto_increment] => 1 [primary_key] => 1 [result_introspection] => 1 [prepared_statements] => 1 [identifier_quoting] => 1 [pattern_escaping] => 1 [new_link] => 1 ) [options] => Array ( [ssl] => [field_case] => 0 [disable_query] => [result_class] => MDB2_Result_%s [buffered_result_class] => MDB2_BufferedResult_%s [result_wrap_class] => [result_buffering] => 1 [fetch_class] => stdClass [persistent] => [debug] => 0 [debug_handler] => MDB2_defaultDebugOutput [debug_expanded_output] => [default_text_field_length] => 4096 [lob_buffer_length] => 8192 [log_line_break] => [idxname_format] => %s_idx [seqname_format] => %s_seq [savepoint_format] => MDB2_SAVEPOINT_%s [statement_format] => MDB2_STATEMENT_%1$s_%2$s [seqcol_name] => sequence [quote_identifier] => [use_transactions] => 1 [decimal_places] => 2 [portability] => 127 [modules] => Array ( [ex] => Extended [dt] => Datatype [mg] => Manager [rv] => Reverse [na] => Native [fc] => Function ) [emulate_prepared] => [datatype_map] => Array ( ) [datatype_map_callback] => Array ( ) [nativetype_map_callback] => Array ( ) [lob_allow_url_include] => [bindname_format] => (?:\d+)|(?:[a-zA-Z][a-zA-Z0-9_]*) [max_identifiers_length] => 64 [default_fk_action_onupdate] => RESTRICT [default_fk_action_ondelete] => RESTRICT [DBA_username] => [DBA_password] => [default_table_type] => ) [wildcards] => Array ( [0] => % [1] => _ ) [as_keyword] => AS [warnings] => Array ( ) [debug_output] => [in_transaction] => [nested_transaction_counter] => [has_transaction_error] => [offset] => 0 [limit] => 0 [phptype] => mysql [dbsyntax] => mysql [last_query] => SELECT * FROM article_image INNER JOIN image ON article_image.imgid = image.id WHERE article_image.incid = '43846' ORDER BY article_image.sortorder [fetchmode] => 1 [modules] => Array ( ) [destructor_registered] => 1 [_debug] => [_default_error_mode] => [_default_error_options] => [_default_error_handler] => [_error_class] => PEAR_Error [_expected_errors] => Array ( ) ) [time_created] => [time_updated] => [id] => 43846 [sortorder] => [tbl] => article [fields] => [application_path] => /public_web_sites/www.inc.com/reflex/ [core_application_url] => http://www.inc.com/ [incid1] => 43545 [incid2] => 43846 [sort] => [largeformat] => FALSE [baseurl] => http://www.inc.com/ [timestamp] => [homepage_headline] => Inside the Lives of Extraordinary CEOs [homepage_headline2] => Inside the Lives of Extraordinary CEOs [homepage_deck] => [lightfeatureimage] => FALSE [imagelist_primary] => Array ( [19978] => Image Object ( [img_foreignkey] => [img_reference_name] => CEO Survey Pan/Bkt [img_caption] => [img_alt_text] => CEO Survey Pan/Bkt [img_custom_credit] => [img_custom_meta_data] => [img_phoid] => [img_ityid] => 1 [img_bucketref] => 082412_Survey_Says_800x800-BKT.jpg [img_bucket_dimx] => 800 [img_bucket_dimy] => 800 [img_f1imageref] => [img_panoramicref] => 082412_Survey_Says_1725x810-PAN.jpg [img_pan_dimx] => 1725 [img_pan_dimy] => 810 [img_light_imageflag] => FALSE [img_tile_override_imageref] => [img_skyscraperref] => [img_sky_dimx] => [img_sky_dimy] => [img_super_panoramicref] => [img_gallery_imageref] => [img_full_screen_ref] => [img_custom_cropref] => [img_full_text] => [img_tags] => CEO, Survey, Inc. 5000, Inc. 500 [img_notes] => [img_gettyflag] => FALSE [dbObj] => MDB2_Driver_mysql Object ( [string_quoting] => Array ( [start] => ' [end] => ' [escape] => \ [escape_pattern] => \ ) [identifier_quoting] => Array ( [start] => ` [end] => ` [escape] => ` ) [sql_comments] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [start] => -- [end] => [escape] => ) [1] => Array ( [start] => # [end] => [escape] => ) [2] => Array ( [start] => /* [end] => */ [escape] => ) ) [server_capabilities_checked] => 1 [start_transaction] => 1 [varchar_max_length] => 65532 [db_index] => 1 [dsn] => Array ( [phptype] => mysql [dbsyntax] => mysql [username] => inccom [password] => b4Fjf2jaFLfc [protocol] => tcp [hostspec] => MYDB [port] => [socket] => [database] => [mode] => ) [connected_dsn] => Array ( [phptype] => mysql [dbsyntax] => mysql [username] => inccom [password] => b4Fjf2jaFLfc [protocol] => tcp [hostspec] => MYDB [port] => [socket] => [database] => [mode] => ) [connection] => Resource id #7 [opened_persistent] => [database_name] => sitecontent [connected_database_name] => sitecontent [connected_server_info] => 5.5.38-35.2-log [supported] => Array ( [sequences] => emulated [indexes] => 1 [affected_rows] => 1 [summary_functions] => 1 [order_by_text] => 1 [transactions] => 1 [savepoints] => 1 [current_id] => emulated [limit_queries] => 1 [LOBs] => 1 [replace] => 1 [sub_selects] => 1 [triggers] => 1 [auto_increment] => 1 [primary_key] => 1 [result_introspection] => 1 [prepared_statements] => 1 [identifier_quoting] => 1 [pattern_escaping] => 1 [new_link] => 1 ) [options] => Array ( [ssl] => [field_case] => 0 [disable_query] => [result_class] => MDB2_Result_%s [buffered_result_class] => MDB2_BufferedResult_%s [result_wrap_class] => [result_buffering] => 1 [fetch_class] => stdClass [persistent] => [debug] => 0 [debug_handler] => MDB2_defaultDebugOutput [debug_expanded_output] => [default_text_field_length] => 4096 [lob_buffer_length] => 8192 [log_line_break] => [idxname_format] => %s_idx [seqname_format] => %s_seq [savepoint_format] => MDB2_SAVEPOINT_%s [statement_format] => MDB2_STATEMENT_%1$s_%2$s [seqcol_name] => sequence [quote_identifier] => [use_transactions] => 1 [decimal_places] => 2 [portability] => 127 [modules] => Array ( [ex] => Extended [dt] => Datatype [mg] => Manager [rv] => Reverse [na] => Native [fc] => Function ) [emulate_prepared] => [datatype_map] => Array ( ) [datatype_map_callback] => Array ( ) [nativetype_map_callback] => Array ( ) [lob_allow_url_include] => [bindname_format] => (?:\d+)|(?:[a-zA-Z][a-zA-Z0-9_]*) [max_identifiers_length] => 64 [default_fk_action_onupdate] => RESTRICT [default_fk_action_ondelete] => RESTRICT [DBA_username] => [DBA_password] => [default_table_type] => ) [wildcards] => Array ( [0] => % [1] => _ ) [as_keyword] => AS [warnings] => Array ( ) [debug_output] => [in_transaction] => [nested_transaction_counter] => [has_transaction_error] => [offset] => 0 [limit] => 0 [phptype] => mysql [dbsyntax] => mysql [last_query] => SELECT * FROM article_image INNER JOIN image ON article_image.imgid = image.id WHERE article_image.incid = '43846' ORDER BY article_image.sortorder [fetchmode] => 1 [modules] => Array ( ) [destructor_registered] => 1 [_debug] => [_default_error_mode] => [_default_error_options] => [_default_error_handler] => [_error_class] => PEAR_Error [_expected_errors] => Array ( ) ) [time_created] => 2012-08-24 09:52:47 [time_updated] => 2013-06-11 18:58:47 [id] => 19978 [sortorder] => [tbl] => image [fields] => [application_path] => /public_web_sites/www.inc.com/reflex/ [core_application_url] => http://www.inc.com/ [error] => Array ( [0] => Problem initializing. A method for "incid" does not exist. [1] => Problem initializing. A method for "imgid" does not exist. ) [sort] => 0 ) [19752] => Image Object ( [img_foreignkey] => [img_reference_name] => __DO NOT USE__Who They Are [img_caption] => [img_alt_text] => [img_custom_credit] => [img_custom_meta_data] => [img_phoid] => [img_ityid] => 1 [img_bucketref] => [img_bucket_dimx] => [img_bucket_dimy] => [img_f1imageref] => [img_panoramicref] => [img_pan_dimx] => [img_pan_dimy] => [img_light_imageflag] => FALSE [img_tile_override_imageref] => [img_skyscraperref] => [img_sky_dimx] => [img_sky_dimy] => [img_super_panoramicref] => [img_gallery_imageref] => ceochart-whotheyare.png [img_full_screen_ref] => [img_custom_cropref] => [img_full_text] => [img_tags] => [img_notes] => [img_gettyflag] => FALSE [dbObj] => MDB2_Driver_mysql Object ( [string_quoting] => Array ( [start] => ' [end] => ' [escape] => \ [escape_pattern] => \ ) [identifier_quoting] => Array ( [start] => ` [end] => ` [escape] => ` ) [sql_comments] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [start] => -- [end] => [escape] => ) [1] => Array ( [start] => # [end] => [escape] => ) [2] => Array ( [start] => /* [end] => */ [escape] => ) ) [server_capabilities_checked] => 1 [start_transaction] => 1 [varchar_max_length] => 65532 [db_index] => 1 [dsn] => Array ( [phptype] => mysql [dbsyntax] => mysql [username] => inccom [password] => b4Fjf2jaFLfc [protocol] => tcp [hostspec] => MYDB [port] => [socket] => [database] => [mode] => ) [connected_dsn] => Array ( [phptype] => mysql [dbsyntax] => mysql [username] => inccom [password] => b4Fjf2jaFLfc [protocol] => tcp [hostspec] => MYDB [port] => [socket] => [database] => [mode] => ) [connection] => Resource id #7 [opened_persistent] => [database_name] => sitecontent [connected_database_name] => sitecontent [connected_server_info] => 5.5.38-35.2-log [supported] => Array ( [sequences] => emulated [indexes] => 1 [affected_rows] => 1 [summary_functions] => 1 [order_by_text] => 1 [transactions] => 1 [savepoints] => 1 [current_id] => emulated [limit_queries] => 1 [LOBs] => 1 [replace] => 1 [sub_selects] => 1 [triggers] => 1 [auto_increment] => 1 [primary_key] => 1 [result_introspection] => 1 [prepared_statements] => 1 [identifier_quoting] => 1 [pattern_escaping] => 1 [new_link] => 1 ) [options] => Array ( [ssl] => [field_case] => 0 [disable_query] => [result_class] => MDB2_Result_%s [buffered_result_class] => MDB2_BufferedResult_%s [result_wrap_class] => [result_buffering] => 1 [fetch_class] => stdClass [persistent] => [debug] => 0 [debug_handler] => MDB2_defaultDebugOutput [debug_expanded_output] => [default_text_field_length] => 4096 [lob_buffer_length] => 8192 [log_line_break] => [idxname_format] => %s_idx [seqname_format] => %s_seq [savepoint_format] => MDB2_SAVEPOINT_%s [statement_format] => MDB2_STATEMENT_%1$s_%2$s [seqcol_name] => sequence [quote_identifier] => [use_transactions] => 1 [decimal_places] => 2 [portability] => 127 [modules] => Array ( [ex] => Extended [dt] => Datatype [mg] => Manager [rv] => Reverse [na] => Native [fc] => Function ) [emulate_prepared] => [datatype_map] => Array ( ) [datatype_map_callback] => Array ( ) [nativetype_map_callback] => Array ( ) [lob_allow_url_include] => [bindname_format] => (?:\d+)|(?:[a-zA-Z][a-zA-Z0-9_]*) [max_identifiers_length] => 64 [default_fk_action_onupdate] => RESTRICT [default_fk_action_ondelete] => RESTRICT [DBA_username] => [DBA_password] => [default_table_type] => ) [wildcards] => Array ( [0] => % [1] => _ ) [as_keyword] => AS [warnings] => Array ( ) [debug_output] => [in_transaction] => [nested_transaction_counter] => [has_transaction_error] => [offset] => 0 [limit] => 0 [phptype] => mysql [dbsyntax] => mysql [last_query] => SELECT * FROM article_image INNER JOIN image ON article_image.imgid = image.id WHERE article_image.incid = '43846' ORDER BY article_image.sortorder [fetchmode] => 1 [modules] => Array ( ) [destructor_registered] => 1 [_debug] => [_default_error_mode] => [_default_error_options] => [_default_error_handler] => [_error_class] => PEAR_Error [_expected_errors] => Array ( ) ) [time_created] => 2012-08-15 18:59:22 [time_updated] => 2013-08-23 16:32:11 [id] => 19752 [sortorder] => [tbl] => image [fields] => [application_path] => /public_web_sites/www.inc.com/reflex/ [core_application_url] => http://www.inc.com/ [error] => Array ( [0] => Problem initializing. A method for "incid" does not exist. [1] => Problem initializing. A method for "imgid" does not exist. ) [sort] => 1 ) ) [featureimage] => http://www.inc.com/uploaded_files/image/970x450/082412_Survey_Says_1725x810-PAN_19978.jpg [featureimageX2] => http://www.inc.com/uploaded_files/image/1940x900/082412_Survey_Says_1725x810-PAN_19978.jpg [smallfeatureimage] => http://www.inc.com/uploaded_files/image/640x290/082412_Survey_Says_1725x810-PAN_19978.jpg [featureimageObj] => Image Object ( [img_foreignkey] => [img_reference_name] => CEO Survey Pan/Bkt [img_caption] => [img_alt_text] => CEO Survey Pan/Bkt [img_custom_credit] => [img_custom_meta_data] => [img_phoid] => [img_ityid] => 1 [img_bucketref] => 082412_Survey_Says_800x800-BKT.jpg [img_bucket_dimx] => 800 [img_bucket_dimy] => 800 [img_f1imageref] => [img_panoramicref] => 082412_Survey_Says_1725x810-PAN.jpg [img_pan_dimx] => 1725 [img_pan_dimy] => 810 [img_light_imageflag] => FALSE [img_tile_override_imageref] => [img_skyscraperref] => [img_sky_dimx] => [img_sky_dimy] => [img_super_panoramicref] => [img_gallery_imageref] => [img_full_screen_ref] => [img_custom_cropref] => [img_full_text] => [img_tags] => CEO, Survey, Inc. 5000, Inc. 500 [img_notes] => [img_gettyflag] => FALSE [dbObj] => MDB2_Driver_mysql Object ( [string_quoting] => Array ( [start] => ' [end] => ' [escape] => \ [escape_pattern] => \ ) [identifier_quoting] => Array ( [start] => ` [end] => ` [escape] => ` ) [sql_comments] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [start] => -- [end] => [escape] => ) [1] => Array ( [start] => # [end] => [escape] => ) [2] => Array ( [start] => /* [end] => */ [escape] => ) ) [server_capabilities_checked] => 1 [start_transaction] => 1 [varchar_max_length] => 65532 [db_index] => 1 [dsn] => Array ( [phptype] => mysql [dbsyntax] => mysql [username] => inccom [password] => b4Fjf2jaFLfc [protocol] => tcp [hostspec] => MYDB [port] => [socket] => [database] => [mode] => ) [connected_dsn] => Array ( [phptype] => mysql [dbsyntax] => mysql [username] => inccom [password] => b4Fjf2jaFLfc [protocol] => tcp [hostspec] => MYDB [port] => [socket] => [database] => [mode] => ) [connection] => Resource id #7 [opened_persistent] => [database_name] => sitecontent [connected_database_name] => sitecontent [connected_server_info] => 5.5.38-35.2-log [supported] => Array ( [sequences] => emulated [indexes] => 1 [affected_rows] => 1 [summary_functions] => 1 [order_by_text] => 1 [transactions] => 1 [savepoints] => 1 [current_id] => emulated [limit_queries] => 1 [LOBs] => 1 [replace] => 1 [sub_selects] => 1 [triggers] => 1 [auto_increment] => 1 [primary_key] => 1 [result_introspection] => 1 [prepared_statements] => 1 [identifier_quoting] => 1 [pattern_escaping] => 1 [new_link] => 1 ) [options] => Array ( [ssl] => [field_case] => 0 [disable_query] => [result_class] => MDB2_Result_%s [buffered_result_class] => MDB2_BufferedResult_%s [result_wrap_class] => [result_buffering] => 1 [fetch_class] => stdClass [persistent] => [debug] => 0 [debug_handler] => MDB2_defaultDebugOutput [debug_expanded_output] => [default_text_field_length] => 4096 [lob_buffer_length] => 8192 [log_line_break] => [idxname_format] => %s_idx [seqname_format] => %s_seq [savepoint_format] => MDB2_SAVEPOINT_%s [statement_format] => MDB2_STATEMENT_%1$s_%2$s [seqcol_name] => sequence [quote_identifier] => [use_transactions] => 1 [decimal_places] => 2 [portability] => 127 [modules] => Array ( [ex] => Extended [dt] => Datatype [mg] => Manager [rv] => Reverse [na] => Native [fc] => Function ) [emulate_prepared] => [datatype_map] => Array ( ) [datatype_map_callback] => Array ( ) [nativetype_map_callback] => Array ( ) [lob_allow_url_include] => [bindname_format] => (?:\d+)|(?:[a-zA-Z][a-zA-Z0-9_]*) [max_identifiers_length] => 64 [default_fk_action_onupdate] => RESTRICT [default_fk_action_ondelete] => RESTRICT [DBA_username] => [DBA_password] => [default_table_type] => ) [wildcards] => Array ( [0] => % [1] => _ ) [as_keyword] => AS [warnings] => Array ( ) [debug_output] => [in_transaction] => [nested_transaction_counter] => [has_transaction_error] => [offset] => 0 [limit] => 0 [phptype] => mysql [dbsyntax] => mysql [last_query] => SELECT * FROM article_image INNER JOIN image ON article_image.imgid = image.id WHERE article_image.incid = '43846' ORDER BY article_image.sortorder [fetchmode] => 1 [modules] => Array ( ) [destructor_registered] => 1 [_debug] => [_default_error_mode] => [_default_error_options] => [_default_error_handler] => [_error_class] => PEAR_Error [_expected_errors] => Array ( ) ) [time_created] => 2012-08-24 09:52:47 [time_updated] => 2013-06-11 18:58:47 [id] => 19978 [sortorder] => [tbl] => image [fields] => [application_path] => /public_web_sites/www.inc.com/reflex/ [core_application_url] => http://www.inc.com/ [error] => Array ( [0] => Problem initializing. A method for "incid" does not exist. [1] => Problem initializing. A method for "imgid" does not exist. ) [sort] => 0 ) [f1image] => http://www.inc.com/uploaded_files/image/385x240/ceochart-whotheyare_19752.png [f2image] => http://www.inc.com/uploaded_files/image/100x100/ceochart-whotheyare_19752.png [f3image] => http://www.inc.com/uploaded_files/image/50x50/ceochart-whotheyare_19752.png [f0image] => http://www.inc.com/uploaded_files/image/336x336/ceochart-whotheyare_19752.png [f2imageObj] => Image Object ( [img_foreignkey] => [img_reference_name] => CEO Survey Pan/Bkt [img_caption] => [img_alt_text] => CEO Survey Pan/Bkt [img_custom_credit] => [img_custom_meta_data] => [img_phoid] => [img_ityid] => 1 [img_bucketref] => 082412_Survey_Says_800x800-BKT.jpg [img_bucket_dimx] => 800 [img_bucket_dimy] => 800 [img_f1imageref] => [img_panoramicref] => 082412_Survey_Says_1725x810-PAN.jpg [img_pan_dimx] => 1725 [img_pan_dimy] => 810 [img_light_imageflag] => FALSE [img_tile_override_imageref] => [img_skyscraperref] => [img_sky_dimx] => [img_sky_dimy] => [img_super_panoramicref] => [img_gallery_imageref] => [img_full_screen_ref] => [img_custom_cropref] => [img_full_text] => [img_tags] => CEO, Survey, Inc. 5000, Inc. 500 [img_notes] => [img_gettyflag] => FALSE [dbObj] => MDB2_Driver_mysql Object ( [string_quoting] => Array ( [start] => ' [end] => ' [escape] => \ [escape_pattern] => \ ) [identifier_quoting] => Array ( [start] => ` [end] => ` [escape] => ` ) [sql_comments] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [start] => -- [end] => [escape] => ) [1] => Array ( [start] => # [end] => [escape] => ) [2] => Array ( [start] => /* [end] => */ [escape] => ) ) [server_capabilities_checked] => 1 [start_transaction] => 1 [varchar_max_length] => 65532 [db_index] => 1 [dsn] => Array ( [phptype] => mysql [dbsyntax] => mysql [username] => inccom [password] => b4Fjf2jaFLfc [protocol] => tcp [hostspec] => MYDB [port] => [socket] => [database] => [mode] => ) [connected_dsn] => Array ( [phptype] => mysql [dbsyntax] => mysql [username] => inccom [password] => b4Fjf2jaFLfc [protocol] => tcp [hostspec] => MYDB [port] => [socket] => [database] => [mode] => ) [connection] => Resource id #7 [opened_persistent] => [database_name] => sitecontent [connected_database_name] => sitecontent [connected_server_info] => 5.5.38-35.2-log [supported] => Array ( [sequences] => emulated [indexes] => 1 [affected_rows] => 1 [summary_functions] => 1 [order_by_text] => 1 [transactions] => 1 [savepoints] => 1 [current_id] => emulated [limit_queries] => 1 [LOBs] => 1 [replace] => 1 [sub_selects] => 1 [triggers] => 1 [auto_increment] => 1 [primary_key] => 1 [result_introspection] => 1 [prepared_statements] => 1 [identifier_quoting] => 1 [pattern_escaping] => 1 [new_link] => 1 ) [options] => Array ( [ssl] => [field_case] => 0 [disable_query] => [result_class] => MDB2_Result_%s [buffered_result_class] => MDB2_BufferedResult_%s [result_wrap_class] => [result_buffering] => 1 [fetch_class] => stdClass [persistent] => [debug] => 0 [debug_handler] => MDB2_defaultDebugOutput [debug_expanded_output] => [default_text_field_length] => 4096 [lob_buffer_length] => 8192 [log_line_break] => [idxname_format] => %s_idx [seqname_format] => %s_seq [savepoint_format] => MDB2_SAVEPOINT_%s [statement_format] => MDB2_STATEMENT_%1$s_%2$s [seqcol_name] => sequence [quote_identifier] => [use_transactions] => 1 [decimal_places] => 2 [portability] => 127 [modules] => Array ( [ex] => Extended [dt] => Datatype [mg] => Manager [rv] => Reverse [na] => Native [fc] => Function ) [emulate_prepared] => [datatype_map] => Array ( ) [datatype_map_callback] => Array ( ) [nativetype_map_callback] => Array ( ) [lob_allow_url_include] => [bindname_format] => (?:\d+)|(?:[a-zA-Z][a-zA-Z0-9_]*) [max_identifiers_length] => 64 [default_fk_action_onupdate] => RESTRICT [default_fk_action_ondelete] => RESTRICT [DBA_username] => [DBA_password] => [default_table_type] => ) [wildcards] => Array ( [0] => % [1] => _ ) [as_keyword] => AS [warnings] => Array ( ) [debug_output] => [in_transaction] => [nested_transaction_counter] => [has_transaction_error] => [offset] => 0 [limit] => 0 [phptype] => mysql [dbsyntax] => mysql [last_query] => SELECT * FROM article_image INNER JOIN image ON article_image.imgid = image.id WHERE article_image.incid = '43846' ORDER BY article_image.sortorder [fetchmode] => 1 [modules] => Array ( ) [destructor_registered] => 1 [_debug] => [_default_error_mode] => [_default_error_options] => [_default_error_handler] => [_error_class] => PEAR_Error [_expected_errors] => Array ( ) ) [time_created] => 2012-08-24 09:52:47 [time_updated] => 2013-06-11 18:58:47 [id] => 19978 [sortorder] => [tbl] => image [fields] => [application_path] => /public_web_sites/www.inc.com/reflex/ [core_application_url] => http://www.inc.com/ [error] => Array ( [0] => Problem initializing. A method for "incid" does not exist. [1] => Problem initializing. A method for "imgid" does not exist. ) [sort] => 0 ) [f3imageObj] => Image Object ( [img_foreignkey] => [img_reference_name] => CEO Survey Pan/Bkt [img_caption] => [img_alt_text] => CEO Survey Pan/Bkt [img_custom_credit] => [img_custom_meta_data] => [img_phoid] => [img_ityid] => 1 [img_bucketref] => 082412_Survey_Says_800x800-BKT.jpg [img_bucket_dimx] => 800 [img_bucket_dimy] => 800 [img_f1imageref] => [img_panoramicref] => 082412_Survey_Says_1725x810-PAN.jpg [img_pan_dimx] => 1725 [img_pan_dimy] => 810 [img_light_imageflag] => FALSE [img_tile_override_imageref] => [img_skyscraperref] => [img_sky_dimx] => [img_sky_dimy] => [img_super_panoramicref] => [img_gallery_imageref] => [img_full_screen_ref] => [img_custom_cropref] => [img_full_text] => [img_tags] => CEO, Survey, Inc. 5000, Inc. 500 [img_notes] => [img_gettyflag] => FALSE [dbObj] => MDB2_Driver_mysql Object ( [string_quoting] => Array ( [start] => ' [end] => ' [escape] => \ [escape_pattern] => \ ) [identifier_quoting] => Array ( [start] => ` [end] => ` [escape] => ` ) [sql_comments] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [start] => -- [end] => [escape] => ) [1] => Array ( [start] => # [end] => [escape] => ) [2] => Array ( [start] => /* [end] => */ [escape] => ) ) [server_capabilities_checked] => 1 [start_transaction] => 1 [varchar_max_length] => 65532 [db_index] => 1 [dsn] => Array ( [phptype] => mysql [dbsyntax] => mysql [username] => inccom [password] => b4Fjf2jaFLfc [protocol] => tcp [hostspec] => MYDB [port] => [socket] => [database] => [mode] => ) [connected_dsn] => Array ( [phptype] => mysql [dbsyntax] => mysql [username] => inccom [password] => b4Fjf2jaFLfc [protocol] => tcp [hostspec] => MYDB [port] => [socket] => [database] => [mode] => ) [connection] => Resource id #7 [opened_persistent] => [database_name] => sitecontent [connected_database_name] => sitecontent [connected_server_info] => 5.5.38-35.2-log [supported] => Array ( [sequences] => emulated [indexes] => 1 [affected_rows] => 1 [summary_functions] => 1 [order_by_text] => 1 [transactions] => 1 [savepoints] => 1 [current_id] => emulated [limit_queries] => 1 [LOBs] => 1 [replace] => 1 [sub_selects] => 1 [triggers] => 1 [auto_increment] => 1 [primary_key] => 1 [result_introspection] => 1 [prepared_statements] => 1 [identifier_quoting] => 1 [pattern_escaping] => 1 [new_link] => 1 ) [options] => Array ( [ssl] => [field_case] => 0 [disable_query] => [result_class] => MDB2_Result_%s [buffered_result_class] => MDB2_BufferedResult_%s [result_wrap_class] => [result_buffering] => 1 [fetch_class] => stdClass [persistent] => [debug] => 0 [debug_handler] => MDB2_defaultDebugOutput [debug_expanded_output] => [default_text_field_length] => 4096 [lob_buffer_length] => 8192 [log_line_break] => [idxname_format] => %s_idx [seqname_format] => %s_seq [savepoint_format] => MDB2_SAVEPOINT_%s [statement_format] => MDB2_STATEMENT_%1$s_%2$s [seqcol_name] => sequence [quote_identifier] => [use_transactions] => 1 [decimal_places] => 2 [portability] => 127 [modules] => Array ( [ex] => Extended [dt] => Datatype [mg] => Manager [rv] => Reverse [na] => Native [fc] => Function ) [emulate_prepared] => [datatype_map] => Array ( ) [datatype_map_callback] => Array ( ) [nativetype_map_callback] => Array ( ) [lob_allow_url_include] => [bindname_format] => (?:\d+)|(?:[a-zA-Z][a-zA-Z0-9_]*) [max_identifiers_length] => 64 [default_fk_action_onupdate] => RESTRICT [default_fk_action_ondelete] => RESTRICT [DBA_username] => [DBA_password] => [default_table_type] => ) [wildcards] => Array ( [0] => % [1] => _ ) [as_keyword] => AS [warnings] => Array ( ) [debug_output] => [in_transaction] => [nested_transaction_counter] => [has_transaction_error] => [offset] => 0 [limit] => 0 [phptype] => mysql [dbsyntax] => mysql [last_query] => SELECT * FROM article_image INNER JOIN image ON article_image.imgid = image.id WHERE article_image.incid = '43846' ORDER BY article_image.sortorder [fetchmode] => 1 [modules] => Array ( ) [destructor_registered] => 1 [_debug] => [_default_error_mode] => [_default_error_options] => [_default_error_handler] => [_error_class] => PEAR_Error [_expected_errors] => Array ( ) ) [time_created] => 2012-08-24 09:52:47 [time_updated] => 2013-06-11 18:58:47 [id] => 19978 [sortorder] => [tbl] => image [fields] => [application_path] => /public_web_sites/www.inc.com/reflex/ [core_application_url] => http://www.inc.com/ [error] => Array ( [0] => Problem initializing. A method for "incid" does not exist. [1] => Problem initializing. A method for "imgid" does not exist. ) [sort] => 0 ) [rssfeatureimage] => http://www.inc.com/uploaded_files/image/082412_Survey_Says_1725x810-PAN_19978.jpg [smallvideothumbnail] => http://www.inc.com/uploaded_files/image/155x90/082412_Survey_Says_1725x810-PAN_19978.jpg [largevideothumbnail] => http://www.inc.com/uploaded_files/image/284x160/082412_Survey_Says_1725x810-PAN_19978.jpg [tilefeatureimage] => http://www.inc.com/uploaded_files/image/300x200/082412_Survey_Says_1725x810-PAN_19978.jpg [galleryimage] => http://www.inc.com/uploaded_files/image/ceochart-whotheyare_19752.png [galleryimageObj] => Image Object ( [img_foreignkey] => [img_reference_name] => __DO NOT USE__Who They Are [img_caption] => [img_alt_text] => [img_custom_credit] => [img_custom_meta_data] => [img_phoid] => [img_ityid] => 1 [img_bucketref] => [img_bucket_dimx] => [img_bucket_dimy] => [img_f1imageref] => [img_panoramicref] => [img_pan_dimx] => [img_pan_dimy] => [img_light_imageflag] => FALSE [img_tile_override_imageref] => [img_skyscraperref] => [img_sky_dimx] => [img_sky_dimy] => [img_super_panoramicref] => [img_gallery_imageref] => ceochart-whotheyare.png [img_full_screen_ref] => [img_custom_cropref] => [img_full_text] => [img_tags] => [img_notes] => [img_gettyflag] => FALSE [dbObj] => MDB2_Driver_mysql Object ( [string_quoting] => Array ( [start] => ' [end] => ' [escape] => \ [escape_pattern] => \ ) [identifier_quoting] => Array ( [start] => ` [end] => ` [escape] => ` ) [sql_comments] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [start] => -- [end] => [escape] => ) [1] => Array ( [start] => # [end] => [escape] => ) [2] => Array ( [start] => /* [end] => */ [escape] => ) ) [server_capabilities_checked] => 1 [start_transaction] => 1 [varchar_max_length] => 65532 [db_index] => 1 [dsn] => Array ( [phptype] => mysql [dbsyntax] => mysql [username] => inccom [password] => b4Fjf2jaFLfc [protocol] => tcp [hostspec] => MYDB [port] => [socket] => [database] => [mode] => ) [connected_dsn] => Array ( [phptype] => mysql [dbsyntax] => mysql [username] => inccom [password] => b4Fjf2jaFLfc [protocol] => tcp [hostspec] => MYDB [port] => [socket] => [database] => [mode] => ) [connection] => Resource id #7 [opened_persistent] => [database_name] => sitecontent [connected_database_name] => sitecontent [connected_server_info] => 5.5.38-35.2-log [supported] => Array ( [sequences] => emulated [indexes] => 1 [affected_rows] => 1 [summary_functions] => 1 [order_by_text] => 1 [transactions] => 1 [savepoints] => 1 [current_id] => emulated [limit_queries] => 1 [LOBs] => 1 [replace] => 1 [sub_selects] => 1 [triggers] => 1 [auto_increment] => 1 [primary_key] => 1 [result_introspection] => 1 [prepared_statements] => 1 [identifier_quoting] => 1 [pattern_escaping] => 1 [new_link] => 1 ) [options] => Array ( [ssl] => [field_case] => 0 [disable_query] => [result_class] => MDB2_Result_%s [buffered_result_class] => MDB2_BufferedResult_%s [result_wrap_class] => [result_buffering] => 1 [fetch_class] => stdClass [persistent] => [debug] => 0 [debug_handler] => MDB2_defaultDebugOutput [debug_expanded_output] => [default_text_field_length] => 4096 [lob_buffer_length] => 8192 [log_line_break] => [idxname_format] => %s_idx [seqname_format] => %s_seq [savepoint_format] => MDB2_SAVEPOINT_%s [statement_format] => MDB2_STATEMENT_%1$s_%2$s [seqcol_name] => sequence [quote_identifier] => [use_transactions] => 1 [decimal_places] => 2 [portability] => 127 [modules] => Array ( [ex] => Extended [dt] => Datatype [mg] => Manager [rv] => Reverse [na] => Native [fc] => Function ) [emulate_prepared] => [datatype_map] => Array ( ) [datatype_map_callback] => Array ( ) [nativetype_map_callback] => Array ( ) [lob_allow_url_include] => [bindname_format] => (?:\d+)|(?:[a-zA-Z][a-zA-Z0-9_]*) [max_identifiers_length] => 64 [default_fk_action_onupdate] => RESTRICT [default_fk_action_ondelete] => RESTRICT [DBA_username] => [DBA_password] => [default_table_type] => ) [wildcards] => Array ( [0] => % [1] => _ ) [as_keyword] => AS [warnings] => Array ( ) [debug_output] => [in_transaction] => [nested_transaction_counter] => [has_transaction_error] => [offset] => 0 [limit] => 0 [phptype] => mysql [dbsyntax] => mysql [last_query] => SELECT * FROM article_image INNER JOIN image ON article_image.imgid = image.id WHERE article_image.incid = '43846' ORDER BY article_image.sortorder [fetchmode] => 1 [modules] => Array ( ) [destructor_registered] => 1 [_debug] => [_default_error_mode] => [_default_error_options] => [_default_error_handler] => [_error_class] => PEAR_Error [_expected_errors] => Array ( ) ) [time_created] => 2012-08-15 18:59:22 [time_updated] => 2013-08-23 16:32:11 [id] => 19752 [sortorder] => [tbl] => image [fields] => [application_path] => /public_web_sites/www.inc.com/reflex/ [core_application_url] => http://www.inc.com/ [error] => Array ( [0] => Problem initializing. A method for "incid" does not exist. [1] => Problem initializing. A method for "imgid" does not exist. ) [sort] => 1 ) ) Unified Payments: Meet America's Fastest Growing Company | Inc.com