Bigger in Bend: Building a Regional Startup Cluster
When Customer Development and the Lean Startup were just a sketch on the napkin, Dino Vendetti, a VC at Bay Partners, was one of the first venture capitalists I shared my ideas with.
Dino and I kept in touch as he moved up to Bend, Oregon, on a mission to engineer the town into a regional technology cluster. Over the years we brainstormed about how Lean entrepreneurship would affect regional development.
I visited Bend last year and caught up with his progress. This post and the two that follow highlight what Dino has learned about the characteristics of the startup and investing landscape in a regional market, and what it takes to engineer a thriving regional tech cluster.
- Part 1: Bend, Oregon Ecosystem and Entrepreneurs
- Part 2: Early-stage Regional Venture Funds
- Part 3: Engineering a Regional Tech Cluster
Today, with every city, state, and country trying to build out a technology cluster, following Dino’s progress can provide others with a roadmap of what's worked and what has not. Bend, Oregon is an ideal case study because of its size, location, and entrepreneurial characteristics. Here’s Part 1 of Dino’s story:
Let’s get right to the point. I fell in love with Bend, Oregon, once a sleepy logging town, now population 79,000. If you like skiing, hiking, biking, rafting, golfing, camping, fishing, picnicking, rock climbing, and startups--you’d like Bend.
Before moving to Bend last year, my career took me from engineering development roles at defense contractors in the '80s to product management and executive marketing roles in companies like Qualcomm in the '90s, to the world of venture capital at several firms including Bay Partners, Formative Ventures, and Vulcan Ventures.
After several visits skiing here, I had become smitten with the "mojo" of Bend--its superb quality of life, recreational opportunities, and proximity to the San Francisco Bay Area. The vibe of Bend is appealing, unique, and unpretentious given the number of successful business, tech, and professional athlete transplants who call it home. It’s home to a small but growing tech community that has been developing over the past decade, and that's what piqued my interest.
The differences between the Bend, Oregon region and Silicon Valley are obvious. The sheer density of talent, companies, capital and universities that exist in the Valley are second to none. It truly is the epicenter of the startup world and it’s the regional cluster for innovation and entrepreneurship. Working in the Valley, I took for granted the networking opportunities, the volume of deals, and the ability to access nearly every corner of the tech industry--no surprise to anyone who has spent any time in the Valley.
However, what I found in Bend was a deeply entrepreneurial community that is leaps and bounds beyond just a destination resort town. Bend fights way above its weight class and is professional scale for its size. Its ability to do so is tied to the deep entrepreneurial DNA that permeates the region (a very similar characteristic to Silicon Valley), originally out of necessity and now out of strategy.
Job creation in Bend is everyone’s business. People who make the move typically need to start a business to have a job. Bend is the 16th-largest metro area in the country for high-tech startup density. Pretty amazing for a town with fewer than 100,000 people.
Startups in Bend
So what types of entrepreneurs and startups exist in Bend? There's a concentration around several sectors: software, hardware, medical technology, aviation, and a specialty of Oregon, craft beer brewing. The chart below shows the clustering of startups around these sectors.
In addition to the four major data centers (which include those of Facebook and Apple), Bend currently boasts 95 startups across multiple technology sectors: 47 software, 26 hardware/semi, and 22 medtech-related startups. Portland, Oregon, just 160 miles away, is home to more than 300 startups; between the two markets, nearly 80 new startups are forming each year.
Silicon Valley Transplants
In addition to local entrepreneurs building startups, I found something else I wasn't expecting in Bend: a deep pool of talented Valley transplants who've made their way to Bend either during their careers or after. There are retired Fortune 500 CEOs, senior execs from Valley startups and public companies, as well as successful entrepreneurs who exited their companies. These smart, successful transplants have gotten involved with the local business community as mentors, advisers, entrepreneurs, or investors.
But the real surprise was learning that for some, Bend is a Silicon Valley bedroom community. A daily direct flight on United can have you in your Bay Area office by 8 a.m. Every week I meet someone new who just moved to Bend and commutes to work for Google, Facebook, Salesforce, Oracle, Marketo, Workday, and others. These people are important and useful in the engineering of a tech cluster as startup coaches, angel investors, and advocates for the community. They communicate and pass on the DNA of how Silicon Valley operates and what level of performance is needed to compete on a global scale.
Entrepreneurs in Bend
Within the Bend tech startup community I found three kinds of startups/entrepreneurs:
- Scalable entrepreneurs similar to those you would find in Silicon Valley (although a smaller concentration exists in Bend). These entrepreneurs want to build a big company. They’re typically Silicon Valley transplants who have had enough success and experience to know what they were getting themselves into, what it means to raise capital from investors, what it means to scale a company, and how to engineer an exit.
- Viable entrepreneurs who think they are building scalable startups but lack either a key element of their business model and/or lack the right team DNA to "go for it." In this region, these are the majority of new startups I see. I help by coaching them to become scalable by overcoming their two limitations:
- They go after a market opportunity that’s too limited to result in a truly scalable business (they still might be an M&A candidate, but at the lower end of the range).
- Most teams have a reluctance to go for it when they finally do have a scalable business and have validated the key aspects of their business model. This small-business mindset is a holdover from how capital-starved early-stage startups are/were in Oregon. Entrepreneurs and angel investors prioritize profitability over growth--this is OK for lifestyle startups, but not for scalable startups where capturing market share and thought leadership is vital.
- Lifestyle entrepreneurs who are just building a business to make a profit and support their awesome lifestyle (Bend has a lot of these). There is nothing wrong with lifestyle entrepreneurs as they are providing valuable products and services to the local/regional economy, but these do not make for good venture or angel investments under the traditional equity-based venture model.
Regional entrepreneurs are at an inherent disadvantage in getting the attention of customers and late-stage VCs, so they need to focus on building the most efficiently scalable business model possible. Without focus, it’s difficult to create enough signal-to-noise ratio to become relevant in their market segment. The good news is that whether you are an investor or accelerator, if your startup is located in an advantageous regional market and you apply lean methodologies, you can improve your on-base and slugging percentage.
The opportunity and challenge in regional markets is to:
- Educate the ecosystem about the differences between the three kinds of startups/entrepreneurs
- Find, nurture, and invest in the truly scalable startups and entrepreneurs, as they will be the ones that have the potential to deliver outsized returns
Fixing the Missing Pieces of Infrastructure
The evolution of very capital-efficient business models and Lean Startup methodologies has led to easier paths to funding, launching, and growing businesses. With a tech cluster developing in Bend, it was clear that there were four missing pieces in its infrastructure. I decided to fix each of them.
1. Bend needed a startup accelerator. While entrepreneurship in Bend was talked about, and everyone read the same blogs, there was no central place founders could get focused and intense coaching and mentorship. So I co-founded the FoundersPad accelerator, a 12-week Lean Startup program focused on customer development that helps founders develop, refine, and grow their business.
2. Bend needed its own venture firm. While Silicon Valley and New York are magnets for great startups, our bet is that awesome startups exist in (or can be attracted to) Oregon and Northern California. So I launched Seven Peaks Ventures with a team that includes some of the region's most active angel investors. We help Oregon-based startups build and scale their businesses by providing highly relevant mentoring and leveraging our deep network in Silicon Valley and beyond.
3. Bend needs to attract more entrepreneurs. So I launched The Big Bend Theory with Bruce Cleveland. We’ll fly founders and their spouses/significant others along with a team member to Bend to meet local startup executives and community leaders and experience the lifestyle. If they choose to relocate in Bend we'll offer free temporary office space and help get them funded.
4. Oregon State University’s new Bend campus didn’t have a computer science program, so I helped develop one. (We’re looking for computer science professors, so e-mail me if you want to live and teach in Bend!)
- Bend is a bet on a regional tech cluster.
- To build a successful regional cluster, look for an ecosystem with:
- experienced professionals willing to mentor
- entrepreneurs with the energy and drive to build businesses
- viable startups under development
- We are engineering the infrastructure that lacks: an accelerator, a venture firm, outreach, university, and training.
- It is critical to understand the types of startups and entrepreneurs in your region.
- Seek out the truly scalable startups.
STEVE BLANK | Columnist | Founder, E.piphany, Convergent & Zilog
Steve Blank is a retired Silicon Valley serial entrepreneur turned educator who developed the Customer Development methodology that changes the way startups are built. His book The Four Steps to the Epiphany launched the Lean Startup movement.