Amazon continues to grow like crazy. According to its fourth-quarter earnings report in February, Amazon added more than 110,000 employees in 2016, bringing the total global headcount to more than 340,000. The company currently has more than 30,000 employees in Seattle and is listing more than 10,000 open jobs in the metro area.
It's bursting at the seams of its office space and has unveiled big plans for new buildings in the Denny Triangle neighborhood of Seattle, just a few minutes' walk south from its current campus in South Lake Union. The plan calls for the creation of three giant, greenery-filled domes called Biospheres, as well as several new skyscrapers across four blocks in the neighborhood. The first of those towers, known as Doppler, opened in 2015.
By 2022, when construction is expected to be complete, Amazon could occupy about 12 million square feet of real estate in Seattle, which is more than 20% of the city's current total office inventory, according to GeekWire. That square footage would be spread out among more than 40 buildings in Seattle.
With such a large footprint, Amazon has changed the once industrial area north of Seattle's downtown. In the process, it has become a symbol of how the tech boom has altered the city's cultural fabric and increased the cost of living along the way.
"Tech is not alone. Let's just say that tech was the catalyst, or the driver, of this change," Skylar Olsen, Zillow's senior managing economist, told Business Insider. "Amazon decided to move its campus here, and it really set that off."
According to the most recent analysis by Inrix, Seattle drivers spent an average of 55 hours stuck in traffic in 2016, placing it among the top 10 worst US cities for congestion. CityLab reported in 2015 that there was also a slight gender disparity in Seattle -- about 1,068 single men for every 1,000 single women.
Some locals have given a name to this phenomenon of surging prices, terrible traffic, overcrowding, and culture clash: "Amageddon."
Jeff Reifman wrote in a 2014 op-ed in GeekWire:
"A lot about our Amazon-fueled future is just plain obvious: Seattle will be more male, even more white, wealthier and less diverse, unaffordable to those with lower incomes including the firestarters of culture, artists. The city's spacious skyline, which offered scenic views from many areas of town, will be forever transformed; anyone who lives here knows it already has been. Many parts of Seattle are unrecognizable from last year let alone a few years ago."
Amazon touts many of the investments it has made in its home city, including gifts for engineering programs at the University of Washington and the funding of a "district energy system" that uses recycled energy to heat office spaces. According to an Amazon representative, the company has given tens of millions of dollars to affordable-housing efforts and donated to more than 100 charities across Seattle.
Internal surveys have shown that 55% of Amazon employees use public transportation, walk, or bike to work, and only 15% of employees live within the same ZIP code as their office.
"As we grow in Seattle, we recognize the importance of investing in our hometown in ways that benefit our neighbors and our employees," a representative said in a statement to Business Insider. "From unique retail space on the ground floor of all our buildings, to public spaces nearby such as an outdoor dog park, playing fields, a shared use street that's designed to be great for pedestrians as well as cars, art installations, covered public walkways and other amenities -- we've invested in a variety of ways."
Seattle's tech boom has for some time fueled debates about the city's evolving culture. Hiring by Amazon and other tech companies like Zillow and Microsoft -- as well as Silicon Valley tech giants like Google and Facebook, who have opened engineering outposts there -- has led to an influx of high-income earners. With tech companies also come the high-wage-earning lawyers and venture capitalists who support them.
"In terms of who's the largest tech employer that has come in within this past housing cycle, Amazon is the strongest example," Olsen said. "But the part that made Seattle really attractive to Amazon in the first place was because Microsoft was here. We already had a lot of intellectual capital, with Microsoft and the universities here, which have added to making Seattle an epicenter of this growth."
The city's office market is certainly feeling the crunch. According to the commercial real-estate firm CBRE, downtown Seattle had an office vacancy rate of 9.8% in the first quarter of 2017, down from 10.6% in 2015. It was 20.1% in 2009.
Rents have also increased with the demand, reaching an average in downtown Seattle of $42.08 per square foot, compared with $39.79 in 2015 and $31.38 in 2009. Rising rents could pose a challenge to young startups searching for office space.
The influx of high-income earners also inevitably means higher rents.
"It's not just population growth, but higher-paying jobs that are driving that growth," Olsen said. "Rent is growing the fastest in the Seattle metropolitan area compared to any other metro area in the US -- 7.2% growth year over year is very strong. Anything over 3% raises your eyebrows."
As Amazon and other tech companies have accelerated hiring in Seattle, residential real-estate developers have also upped their pace. A record number of new apartments have come online in the last year to accommodate the growing population. While some of those have been luxury apartments in high-rise buildings, there has also been an increasing number of moderately sized homes and garden-style apartments.
At the same time, home values have gone up, increasing 11.2% in the last year, according to Zillow. That's compared with a 6.9% increase nationally.
All these factors have some speculating that Seattle could become the next San Francisco.
"We still feel the crunch of rental affordability for sure, but San Francisco is in a world of its own," Olsen said, alluding to the Bay Area's limited housing stock and sky-high rents. "Seattle has a lot of those issues, and it has all of the potential to continue growing and be a cultural epicenter, but we're just not there yet."
This post originally appeared on Business Insider.