Dr. Gleb Tsipursky, a recent guest on Entrepreneurs' Organization's EO 360° podcast, is an author and CEO of Disaster Avoidance Experts. As a cognitive neuroscientist and expert on human behavior, Dr. Tsipursky last wrote about the 12 root causes of work-from-home burnout and Zoom fatigue. We asked him for guidance on solving these issues. Here's what he shared:
When the COVID pandemic swept through the country last year, companies rapidly transitioned employees to working from home. However, this shift led to growing challenges of work-from-home burnout and Zoom fatigue.
Unfortunately, organizations treat these issues as day-to-day challenges instead of recognizing their strategic nature and addressing them from that standpoint. At heart, these problems stem from organizations transposing "office culture" norms of interaction to working from home. That just doesn't work well, since virtual communication, collaboration, and relationships function very differently than in-person ones.
To survive and thrive in the remaining months of the pandemic and the post-COVID recovery, organizations must make a strategic shift to best practices of working from home.
Here are 14 steps to establish work-from-home best practices:
Gather information from employees about their virtual work challenges.
Run surveys and conduct focus groups and one-on-one interviews to get quantitative and qualitative data on your organization's virtual work issues.
Develop metrics and determine a baseline.
When creating these surveys, structure them so that you can use the quantitative results to establish clear metrics on all relevant aspects of work-from-home challenges. Use this data to develop a baseline prior to doing the interventions below.
Educate your employees about the deprivations of needs.
We don't recognize that a large component of what we perceive as work-from-home burnout is the deprivation of our basic human needs of connection to each other and a sense of meaning and purpose that we get from work. A critical early intervention involves educating employees about this topic.
Cultivate a sense of meaning in your employees.
Help your employees intentionally develop a sense of meaning in the virtual workplace. That includes using an evaluative tool to establish a baseline of purpose, self-reflective activities on identity as tied to one's work, and other practices such as connecting work to something bigger than yourself.
Cultivate mutual connections using native virtual formats.
We want to connect with each other, but our emotions just don't process little squares on a video conference screen as truly connecting, compared with in-person meetings. The mismatch between expectations and reality leads to energy drain and dissatisfaction--and thus, "Zoom fatigue." To cultivate human connection and a sense of trust, replace bonding activities from office culture with innovative virtual bonding activities.
Provide professional development in effective virtual communication.
There are numerous tips and tricks for effective virtual communication, but the vast majority of organizations fail to provide professional development in this area.
Provide professional development in effective virtual collaboration and relationship-building.
The same tips and tricks, and lack of professional development, applies to virtual collaboration and relationship-building.
Initiate formal virtual mentorship programs.
Ask your senior staff to mentor junior members. This will be good not just for the guidance that senior mentors can give, but will also help address the lack of social connection in a virtual workplace, for both senior and junior employees. Moreover, it will help senior employees learn how to handle technology better since younger employees tend to be savvier with digital tools.
Establish digital co-working.
The members of each work team should spend an hour or more per day co-working digitally with their teammates. Log into a video conference call (with video optional), with speakers on but microphones off unless you want to ask a question, make a comment, or simply chat. Next, simply work on your own tasks. Digital co-working replicates the positive aspects of working in shared cubicle spaces with team members, but on your own work. That includes mutual bonding through chatting and collaboration, asking and answering quick clarifying questions, and providing guidance and informal mentorship.
Funding for remote work.
Provide a budget for your employees to address any technology and connection issues related to virtual work, as well as to help set up a comfortable home office.
Reduce unnecessary meetings.
Don't schedule meetings unless you need to make a decision or get clarification on something that requires synchronous discussion. Use text, recorded video, or audio to send reports and updates for others to review and respond later.
Weekly check-in and progress report evaluation.
At the same time, leaders need to check individually on their team members' progress and wellbeing in a 15-30 minute video conference weekly.
Support work/life boundaries.
Too many leaders expect employees to work after hours, and refuse requests for flexibility. Some employees, scared for their jobs, voluntarily take on too much work. Leaders need to reinforce boundaries to reduce burnout and encourage flexible working schedules whenever possible.
Take things step by step.
Start with education about basic needs. Next, use the data from your internal surveys to pursue what seems to make the most sense.
To address work-from-home burnout, reframe your company culture and policies from remote work as an emergency mindset to remote work being the new normal. Consistently support your employees in this strategic shift.