By the headlines, 2016 may have been the worst year on record for . The smart one, Elizabeth Holmes of Theranos, wasn't nearly smart enough. female foundersForbes wrote her fortune down from $4.5 billion to zero this year. The pretty one, Sophia Amoruso, declared bankruptcy on fashion force Nasty Gal in November. The strong one, a Valkyrie of women's entrepreneurship, Julie Weeks of Womenable, is now taking chemo for brain cancer. The political one, Hilary Clinton? Well, let's not rehash.
Right now, female founders are anything but sexy.
In 2017, maybe women can ease out of the uneasy spotlight on gender. Finally--because that would be great for their 11.3 million+ businesses. They're great at growing and the 2016 female founder report card shows it.
2016: full of gains for the girls' team
- According to Kaufman, in 2016 the rate of women entrepreneurs saw the biggest increase in almost two decades. Today, every month, 260 out of every 100,000 women chooses entrepreneurship.
- That's blazing fast. In fact, the rate of women's entrepreneurship runs at five times the national average, according to the American Express State of Women 2016 report. Four in ten (41%) new entrepreneurs are women.
- And 44% of women who are starting firms are women of color. Black women are the most entrepreneurial population in the country.
- According to a 2016 PWC study, the growth in female billionaires is outpacing the growth of male billionaires.
- According to a 2016 EY study, women entrepreneurs plan to create more jobs than male entrepreneurs in the near future, too.
The 2017 female founder outlook
Clearly, the ambition of women entrepreneurs runs high.
They're accelerating as entrepreneurs even as they face some hard realities, as revealed by the most recent numbers. For example, in 2016, Bloomberg released a study of venture-backed companies founded between 2009 and 2015 that received $20 million or more in funding.
Taking a clue from the stats we just reviewed above, you might expect around 40% of venture capital targets women-led firms.
- Less than 10% of venture capital went to female-led firms. In fact, over those years, just 141 female entrepreneurs made the cut, while 1861 male-led startups were funded. Think about a country where 4 in 10 founders are female. How is it that fewer than 1 in 10 are fundable? Hard reality.
- Another hard reality: Bloomberg found female-led firms got an average of $77 million in venture backing; male-led firms received an average of $100 million. It's strikingly on par with the gender pay gap, where women are paid an average of 21 cents less per dollar than guys are.
More bad news for female founders
Speaking of less, in 2016 Crunchbase did a study of leadership at venture capital firms. In the 2,300 active venture firms, 8% of partners are female. Interesting how this number parallels the percentage of venture capital that goes to women, right?
Even when starting a typical small business--one that's not venture-backed--women face a financial slope graded twice as as steep as that for men. The June 2016 White House Report on Women and Girls Entrepreneurship said, "on average, women start their businesses with half as much capital as men." So all those hardship stories about heroic entrepreneurs doing all it takes to start their firms are true--and even more true for women.
Even more bad news for female founders
For the few women founders who are funded, albeit at a discount by VCs, the odds are they won't get the coaching they need to succeed like their male peers do, either. An academic 2016 study demonstrated that female founders funded by a male lead investor tend to not to do as well as when they are funded by women.
The researcher speculated that female founders who have male investors experience a lack of attention or coaching relative to the men.
Here's to the female founders of 2017
Despite all these tough realities, the beautiful thing is that in the New Year, American women will choose entrepreneurship anyway. They're not blind to the hard realities--they're bold despite them. Every single day of 2017, over 1000 women will start enterprises.
As every entrepreneur knows, and as women entrepreneurs experience more than most, it's not about doing what's easy. It's not about being appreciated, smart, pretty or political. It's about changing the world. 2017 will see thousands more female founders join the ranks of those who are doing just that. Here's to your year out of the limelight and against the limestone, carving a better future--because you can.