"Sarcasm is the lowest form of wit but the highest form of intelligence."  Oscar Wilde. 

It may have taken a number of years, but research now suggests that Wilde was correct in his analysis of sarcasm.  In fact, neuropsychologists are encouraging people not to avoid and condemn appropriate sarcasm in the office, but to use it with care and moderation and reap the benefits it may offer. 

Sarcasm is an instigator of conflict, researchers say, but also a catalyst for  creativity when used moderately and appropriately amongst people who trust one another. 

Harmless forms of sarcasm promote creativity through abstract thinking for those on both the giving and receiving end of sarcastic exchanges. Studies indicate that sarcasm exercises the brain more than sincere statements do, since the brain has to work harder to understand and translate it.  This extra processing may make us sharper because it activates abstract thinking. 

One could say that sarcasm is a workout for the brain--those who toss around a bit of good-natured wit are found to think on a whole different level than those opposed to harmless sarcasm. One study suggests that, not only does sarcasm stimulate complex thinking, it also works to reduce the impact of the potentially negative effects of anger. When college students in Israel were asked to man a call center at a cell phone company, they were better able to solve problems creatively when the complaints were sarcastic in nature as opposed to just plain angry.

And if you can easily tell when someone is being snarky, that's a good thing since it demonstrates healthy cognitive function. Conversely, an inability to identify sarcasm could very possibly be a sign of brain problems or disease, some scientists say, like dementia. Conditions including autism, closed head injuries, brain lesions, and schizophrenia can also interfere with the ability to perceive sarcasm.

The use of sarcasm is also an indication of a healthy ability to show affection. There's an old adage that says we tend to tease the ones we love, as we are more likely to use sarcasm with people we care for. Parents may offer up a teasing remark, for instance, to soften what otherwise may be seen as criticism. "I saw how neatly you made your bed this morning," rather than a more biting remark about a child's neglect to perform this expected chore, will send the same message but in loving way. "I hate it when you're right," is a playful and endearing way to thank someone for a valuable insight.  Of course there are limits to be observed. What sarcastic people may view as playful others may see as hostile, so think before you speak. 

While sarcasm has become a staple of modern language, there are both risks and benefits, so it's best to keep the more snarly remarks to yourself. There are those times that I tend to have a sharp tongue, especially when I'm tired, so I always pause long enough to put myself on the receiving end of a salty remark. If it doesn't feel good to me, it's likely that it will offend the recipient. Engage sarcastically, yes, but know the limits.

Exercise your brain today, feel free to show your sarcasm (with love) in the comments section below. Really. 

Published on: Jul 5, 2016
The opinions expressed here by Inc.com columnists are their own, not those of Inc.com.