In high school, our hockey coach was a demigod. Hockey at the school was in its own category that nearly transcended the concept of sport. I imagine it was treated with the same reverence that football in Texas and the American south is. Our coach was a natural didact and dexterously wove life lessons into nearly every hockey lesson. And there were a lot of hockey lessons.
One day, he introduced a new drill that involved skating backwards from one end of the rink to the other while simultaneously covering as much lateral ground as possible (it looked like carving an "S" back and forth). Skating backwards quickly while covering lateral ground is a very difficult skill to execute, even for top players.
Eager to impress, we all did the drill as best we could. When we gathered at the other end, our coach berated us because we did it wrong: no one fell. We did it wrong because we tried to do it perfectly. He ordered us to do it again, and if we didn't fall, then it was because we weren't trying hard enough.
No one survived the next round unscathed. The point of the drill was to push us beyond our capabilities, and we did so and went sprawling, flying and crashing across the ice. As we did the drill each week, we could all see and feel ourselves improving and getting better. We kept falling, but we got faster and covered more ground. The failure we had feared was not impressing our coach, whereas the true failure was not improving.
The fear of failure is a very real defense and reaction by your mind. The reaction serves, for the most part, to try to protect you from perceived threats. The key word here is "perceived." This part of our brain developed millions of years ago to protect us from very real physical threats, such as predators. So what developed to protect us from lions now activates when we want to take a risk or do something outside of our comfort zone, and it ultimately hold us back and limits us. The problem now is that our threat system is not very good at distinguishing between real physical threats and perceived risks.
Your comfort zone is more than just a concept; pushing these boundaries trigger very real neurophysiological reactions of the mind's threat system. What defines your comfort zone inherently sets the boundaries that trigger this system. Stay within these boundaries and you're safe; venture outside of them and the system warns you with surfacing fear. Your mind is doing what it's evolved to do: protecting you by signaling fear at perceived risk, unfamiliarity, and the unknown.
This system served us well evolutionarily when our comfort zone was the safety of our tribe. The risky, unfamiliar, and unknown represented very real threats to our personal and our tribe's safety. Now, the risk isn't normally physical safety, but emotional safety and security. Yet the risky, unfamiliar, and unknown still set off our reactive fear system with a flood of fear, via paralyzing and preventative thoughts.
When you push and stretch your comfort zone even in little ways, you start to reset those boundaries and trigger points and get comfortable incrementally with more and more discomfort.
Skating backwards down the rink and not falling was within our comfort zone, and our coach knew we'd never improve within that. When we were encouraged to fail, we stretched our boundaries. Failure became the goal. Falling was success. And we fell until we improved, until we started to see that we could exceed our perceived boundaries.
Here's how you can start to overcome your fear of failure:
- Reframe failure. What is failure? The only true failure is the one you don't learn from. Facebook has failed repeatedly and publicly with huge initiatives like Beacon and Poke. It's because they fail that they succeed. Facebook's motto is "Fail fast, fail forward." Facebook knows the biggest failure would be not evolving, not pushing boundaries, and not finding ways to disrupt themselves. If Facebook isn't evolving, building, and taking risks, then they're slowly dying. If Facebook relied on what worked for them five years ago, then they would be Yahoo!, Twitter, or MySpace instead of one of the world's largest and most successful companies with a $365 billion market cap. In sales, there's the aphorism, "Every no is one step closer to a yes." In fact, hear as many nos as you can in a day because it means you're talking to as many people as you can in a day and will get to each yes that much faster. Failure often isn't what you think it is. So embrace hearing the no's and push yourself so hard during the drills that you go sprawling, because the nos will come and so will the yeses, and you'll move forward: incrementally and inexorably.
- Understand your fear. What it is exactly that you fear? We don't all fear new things, taking risks, changing, and growing for the same reasons. Fear of failure is driven because we imagine the worst or because we strive for perfection or because we desperately fear rejection. What is the worst that can happen? If we go out and start a business, we imagine that we'll lose everything if we fail. Then what? Will you then not have friends and loved ones? Will you not have your family? Will you not have the same gumption and drive that compelled you to start a business in the first place? If you're the type of person with the chutzpah to start your own endeavor, then you're the type of person that many, many employers are desperate to hire. After setting out to start my own business, I lost everything in the 2008 financial crisis. I ended up $250,000 in debt and on unemployment looking for a job in an industry I had zero experience in during the worst job market since the Great Depression. And you know what? I didn't just find a job, I was hired as the head of sales at a top firm. When you decide to move forward, you also make the decision to push through the barriers no matter what, and when you decide that, remarkable things happen. Nothing close to your worst case scenario will ever be realized.
- Counter fear with confidence. Confidence comes from making a decision, making a commitment, and sharing that pronouncement. The world responds to and supports those who act and lead with confidence. No one is conspiring for your failure. When you take action with confidence and surety, the world will conspire to support you though. The right things will happen, and the right circumstances and opportunities will present themselves. A friend who immigrated to the U.S. explained the difference in attitude towards entrepreneurship between the U.S. and where he was from. Where he was from, when someone would share an idea for a business with others, the response would often to be about how it's not possible, it's out of reach, or it's unachievable. In the U.S., people respond by supporting the idea, acknowledging the individual's courage, and offering help, introductions to friends, and other forms of support.
- Take action. Another cause of fear of failure is focusing on the enormity of the challenge. Look at a picture of Mt. Everest from base camp. It's magnificent and imposing, and doesn't look the least bit climbable. Add to that the fact that the summit is racked by storms, minus 50 temperatures, and is utterly inhospitable. Yet hundreds of climbers summit most years. These climbers are often not professional climbers or elite athletes, but ordinary hobbyists with a dream and a goal. And they all start the climb the same way, with a single step toward the summit. It's sounds like a cliché, but action becomes habit. Small steps add up and soon you gather momentum, and not long after that you're unstoppable.
- Ignore the fear. In big-wave surfing, surfers paddle into waves the size of five-story buildings, violent behemoths that impart terrifying and catastrophic forces. It's impossible for any human not to fear these waves. To counter what can be a paralyzing fear, many of the most elite big-wave surfers avoid looking at the impact zone where the wave crashes because doing so would instantly cripple them with fear, and they would never paddle for one of the waves. You'll have many fears in life, some that you can stare down and charge and others whose lair you should tiptoe around.
- Challenge yourself. Take on challenges in areas of life outside of where you seek to grow. Ever wonder why triathlons, mud runs, and marathons are so popular? People want to push their boundaries and see what they're capable of. You build willpower and drive. When you succeed at large goals in one area, you start to see that you can apply the same skills and determination to accomplish goals in other areas. When you realize that you can run a marathon with the right preparation, mindset, and training, you realize you can do a plethora of other things you set your mind to. Don't fear failure. Fear being in the exact same place next year as you are today.
- Debunk fearlessness. Successful people seem fearless and extraordinary; but that's just how they're perceived, and it becomes a myth that we perpetuate. Successful people started out very ordinary and through a combination of practice, hard work, effort, and action, they achieve success. That myth of fearlessness, can act as a barrier to many, causing them to believe that being successful is predicated on being fearless and extraordinary. Being brave isn't living without fear; it's living with fear, confronting it, and taking action in spite of it. It's challenging yourself and putting yourself in places where you encounter fear, and facing that fear. Fear is a very normal and inevitable part of being human, so much so that it's one of the characteristics that define us. It's a part of all of us. No one is truly fearless; they've just learned to embrace fear. In Game of Thrones when Robb Stark asks his father, "How can a man be brave when he's afraid?" Ned replies, "A man can be brave only when he's afraid."
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