One of the biggest challenges of leading a company is managing the work of other people.

In managing the work of other people, one of the hardest tasks is making sure that you maximize productivity with each employee. Here however, is the problem- everything you know about employee productivity is wrong.

As a leadership expert, I find most people's thoughts about employee productivity are based on myths and misinformation- not on solid research. To be a great leader you have to get people to be more productive, yet still keep your best people.

Here are some thoughts about employee productivity that you will find fascinating because they are so contradictory to what most people believe about employee productivity:

1. Employees will be more productive if they actually have to show up and work at our office.

 In a study reported in Harvard Business Review. Nicholas Bloom and James Liang found that call center employees were significantly more effective working from home.

Productivity went up 13.5 percent and retention increased by 50 percent and workers reported a much higher level of job satisfaction.

What does this mean to you? It means that you may need to re-examine the idea that people have to show up in order to work.

There are some who disagree with this idea but the reality is they are much more productive if they can work from home.

2. The open-space office environment is productive and collaborative.

As I travel around the country, I see many organizations that have now created seating arrangements where everybody is working in one room, which is a very popular method that people are using for designing their offices.

This is supposed to encourage collaboration.

In the study done by Professor Bloom, he believes that one of the reasons why people were more productive at home is they actually had a quieter environment in which to work from.

I have always believed that the open office environment was extremely distracting very noisy and made people less productive, not more.

3. If people work from home, they will work less.

The reality is actually the opposite. The study found that people who work from home work more hours, they started earlier, they took shorter breaks and worked until the end of the day and they did not have a commute to worry about.

So even though we think that people who work from home will not work as hard the reality is they work harder.

4. It's the younger generation who wants to work more from home.

 Another interesting aspect of the research is that older workers and married people and parents found it much more appealing to work from home than the younger generation whose social lives were more connected to the office.

5. You can't trust people to work from home.

I believe that people can be trusted to work from home if you are hiring the right people.

If you want to make sure the work is happening you can put systems and processes in place to ensure measurement of the work being done.

My experience has been the people who work from home work harder because they love the privilege of working from home so much they don't want to jeopardize possibly losing it 

6. When people work from home it makes communication much less effective.

That's not true because most people are not communicating face-to-face anyway, they are communicating via email or by some other electronic form of communication like a web chat. So if people are working remotely it doesn't really matter anymore because it's a virtual world that we live in.

One other possible solution suggested in the study is to have people working from home but on certain days, and have mandatory office days a few days a week or a few days a month. This helps people schedule meetings.

I would like you it to sit down with your management team and think about if there are options for people to work from home. This will increase productivity, increase morale and allow you to recruit better employees and save money on office space and equipment. Who knew?

Published on: Jul 12, 2016
The opinions expressed here by Inc.com columnists are their own, not those of Inc.com.